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Title: SPIDER: CMB Polarimetry from the Edge of Space

Abstract

SPIDER is a balloon-borne instrument designed to map the polarization of the millimeter-wave sky at large angular scales. SPIDER targets the B-mode signature of primordial gravitational waves in the cosmic microwave background (CMB), with a focus on mapping a large sky area with high fidelity at multiple frequencies. SPIDER ’s first long-duration balloon (LDB) flight in January 2015 deployed a total of 2400 antenna-coupled transition-edge sensors (TESs) at 90 GHz and 150 GHz. In this work we review the design and in-flight performance of the SPIDER instrument, with a particular focus on the measured performance of the detectors and instrument in a space-like loading and radiation environment. SPIDER ’s second flight in December 2018 will incorporate payload upgrades and new receivers to map the sky at 285 GHz, providing valuable information for cleaning polarized dust emission from CMB maps.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
Contributing Org.:
Spider Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1490467
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1646993
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; NNX07AL64G; NNX12AE95G; NNX17AC55G; PLR-1043515; 14-SAT14-0009; 638-2013-8993; SC0007859
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Low Temperature Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 193; Journal Issue: 5-6; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-2291
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Cosmic microwave background; Inflation; Bolometers; Transition-edge sensors; Polarimetry

Citation Formats

Gualtieri, R., Filippini, J. P., Ade, P. A. R., Amiri, M., Benton, S. J., Bergman, A. S., Bihary, R., Bock, J. J., Bond, J. R., Bryan, S. A., Chiang, H. C., Contaldi, C. R., Doré, O., Duivenvoorden, A. J., Eriksen, H. K., Farhang, M., Fissel, L. M., Fraisse, A. A., Freese, K., Galloway, M., Gambrel, A. E., Gandilo, N. N., Ganga, K., Gramillano, R. V., Gudmundsson, J. E., Halpern, M., Hartley, J., Hasselfield, M., Hilton, G., Holmes, W., Hristov, V. V., Huang, Z., Irwin, K. D., Jones, W. C., Kuo, C. L., Kermish, Z. D., Li, S., Mason, P. V., Megerian, K., Moncelsi, L., Morford, T. A., Nagy, J. M., Netterfield, C. B., Nolta, M., Osherson, B., Padilla, I. L., Racine, B., Rahlin, A. S., Reintsema, C., Ruhl, J. E., Runyan, M. C., Ruud, T. M., Shariff, J. A., Soler, J. D., Song, X., Trangsrud, A., Tucker, C., Tucker, R. S., Turner, A. D., List, J. F. van der, Weber, A. C., Wehus, I. K., Wiebe, D. V., and Young, E. Y. SPIDER: CMB Polarimetry from the Edge of Space. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/s10909-018-2078-x.
Gualtieri, R., Filippini, J. P., Ade, P. A. R., Amiri, M., Benton, S. J., Bergman, A. S., Bihary, R., Bock, J. J., Bond, J. R., Bryan, S. A., Chiang, H. C., Contaldi, C. R., Doré, O., Duivenvoorden, A. J., Eriksen, H. K., Farhang, M., Fissel, L. M., Fraisse, A. A., Freese, K., Galloway, M., Gambrel, A. E., Gandilo, N. N., Ganga, K., Gramillano, R. V., Gudmundsson, J. E., Halpern, M., Hartley, J., Hasselfield, M., Hilton, G., Holmes, W., Hristov, V. V., Huang, Z., Irwin, K. D., Jones, W. C., Kuo, C. L., Kermish, Z. D., Li, S., Mason, P. V., Megerian, K., Moncelsi, L., Morford, T. A., Nagy, J. M., Netterfield, C. B., Nolta, M., Osherson, B., Padilla, I. L., Racine, B., Rahlin, A. S., Reintsema, C., Ruhl, J. E., Runyan, M. C., Ruud, T. M., Shariff, J. A., Soler, J. D., Song, X., Trangsrud, A., Tucker, C., Tucker, R. S., Turner, A. D., List, J. F. van der, Weber, A. C., Wehus, I. K., Wiebe, D. V., & Young, E. Y. SPIDER: CMB Polarimetry from the Edge of Space. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10909-018-2078-x
Gualtieri, R., Filippini, J. P., Ade, P. A. R., Amiri, M., Benton, S. J., Bergman, A. S., Bihary, R., Bock, J. J., Bond, J. R., Bryan, S. A., Chiang, H. C., Contaldi, C. R., Doré, O., Duivenvoorden, A. J., Eriksen, H. K., Farhang, M., Fissel, L. M., Fraisse, A. A., Freese, K., Galloway, M., Gambrel, A. E., Gandilo, N. N., Ganga, K., Gramillano, R. V., Gudmundsson, J. E., Halpern, M., Hartley, J., Hasselfield, M., Hilton, G., Holmes, W., Hristov, V. V., Huang, Z., Irwin, K. D., Jones, W. C., Kuo, C. L., Kermish, Z. D., Li, S., Mason, P. V., Megerian, K., Moncelsi, L., Morford, T. A., Nagy, J. M., Netterfield, C. B., Nolta, M., Osherson, B., Padilla, I. L., Racine, B., Rahlin, A. S., Reintsema, C., Ruhl, J. E., Runyan, M. C., Ruud, T. M., Shariff, J. A., Soler, J. D., Song, X., Trangsrud, A., Tucker, C., Tucker, R. S., Turner, A. D., List, J. F. van der, Weber, A. C., Wehus, I. K., Wiebe, D. V., and Young, E. Y. Thu . "SPIDER: CMB Polarimetry from the Edge of Space". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10909-018-2078-x. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1490467.
@article{osti_1490467,
title = {SPIDER: CMB Polarimetry from the Edge of Space},
author = {Gualtieri, R. and Filippini, J. P. and Ade, P. A. R. and Amiri, M. and Benton, S. J. and Bergman, A. S. and Bihary, R. and Bock, J. J. and Bond, J. R. and Bryan, S. A. and Chiang, H. C. and Contaldi, C. R. and Doré, O. and Duivenvoorden, A. J. and Eriksen, H. K. and Farhang, M. and Fissel, L. M. and Fraisse, A. A. and Freese, K. and Galloway, M. and Gambrel, A. E. and Gandilo, N. N. and Ganga, K. and Gramillano, R. V. and Gudmundsson, J. E. and Halpern, M. and Hartley, J. and Hasselfield, M. and Hilton, G. and Holmes, W. and Hristov, V. V. and Huang, Z. and Irwin, K. D. and Jones, W. C. and Kuo, C. L. and Kermish, Z. D. and Li, S. and Mason, P. V. and Megerian, K. and Moncelsi, L. and Morford, T. A. and Nagy, J. M. and Netterfield, C. B. and Nolta, M. and Osherson, B. and Padilla, I. L. and Racine, B. and Rahlin, A. S. and Reintsema, C. and Ruhl, J. E. and Runyan, M. C. and Ruud, T. M. and Shariff, J. A. and Soler, J. D. and Song, X. and Trangsrud, A. and Tucker, C. and Tucker, R. S. and Turner, A. D. and List, J. F. van der and Weber, A. C. and Wehus, I. K. and Wiebe, D. V. and Young, E. Y.},
abstractNote = {SPIDER is a balloon-borne instrument designed to map the polarization of the millimeter-wave sky at large angular scales. SPIDER targets the B-mode signature of primordial gravitational waves in the cosmic microwave background (CMB), with a focus on mapping a large sky area with high fidelity at multiple frequencies. SPIDER ’s first long-duration balloon (LDB) flight in January 2015 deployed a total of 2400 antenna-coupled transition-edge sensors (TESs) at 90 GHz and 150 GHz. In this work we review the design and in-flight performance of the SPIDER instrument, with a particular focus on the measured performance of the detectors and instrument in a space-like loading and radiation environment. SPIDER ’s second flight in December 2018 will incorporate payload upgrades and new receivers to map the sky at 285 GHz, providing valuable information for cleaning polarized dust emission from CMB maps.},
doi = {10.1007/s10909-018-2078-x},
journal = {Journal of Low Temperature Physics},
number = 5-6,
volume = 193,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

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Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: Left: Photograph of the complete SPIDER payload hanging from the LDB launch vehicle. The six telescope aperture forebaffles are visible emerging from the central cryostat, which is supported by a scanning carbon fiber gondola. A sun shield surrounds the assembly, and a solar panel “wing” is visible atmore » right. Center: Cross-section of the SPIDER telescope model with key components labeled. Top right: Antenna-coupled TES pixel as used in the first flight, showing phased array of slot antennas feeding two TESs at bottom. Bottom right: Close-up of a single TES assembly, showing the TES island and the SiN thermal isolation legs. The meandered leg design allows for low thermal conductance in a narrow geometry.« less

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