skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Nitrogen-doped tungsten carbide nanoarray as an efficient bifunctional electrocatalyst for water splitting in acid

Abstract

Tungsten carbide is one of the most promising electrocatalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction, although it exhibits sluggish kinetics due to a strong tungsten-hydrogen bond. In addition, tungsten carbide’s catalytic activity toward the oxygen evolution reaction has yet to be reported. Here, we introduce a superaerophobic nitrogen-doped tungsten carbide nanoarray electrode exhibiting high stability and activity toward hydrogen evolution reaction as well as driving oxygen evolution efficiently in acid. Nitrogen-doping and nanoarray structure accelerate hydrogen gas release from the electrode, realizing a current density of -200 mA cm-2 at the potential of -190 mV vs. reversible hydrogen electrode, which manifest one of the best non-noble metal catalysts for hydrogen evolution reaction. Under acidic conditions (0.5 M sulfuric acid), water splitting catalyzed by nitrogen-doped tungsten carbide nanoarray starts from about 1.4 V, and outperforms most other water splitting catalysts.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1]
  1. Beijing Univ. of Chemical Technology (China). State Key Lab. of Chemical Resource Engineering
  2. Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Energy Sciences Inst.
  3. Beijing Univ. of Chemical Technology (China). State Key Lab. of Chemical Resource Engineering; Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Energy Sciences Inst.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center; Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Argonne-Northwestern Solar Energy Research Center (ANSER)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1490192
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0001059
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Han, Nana, Yang, Ke R., Lu, Zhiyi, Li, Yingjie, Xu, Wenwen, Gao, Tengfei, Cai, Zhao, Zhang, Ying, Batista, Victor S., Liu, Wen, and Sun, Xiaoming. Nitrogen-doped tungsten carbide nanoarray as an efficient bifunctional electrocatalyst for water splitting in acid. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-03429-z.
Han, Nana, Yang, Ke R., Lu, Zhiyi, Li, Yingjie, Xu, Wenwen, Gao, Tengfei, Cai, Zhao, Zhang, Ying, Batista, Victor S., Liu, Wen, & Sun, Xiaoming. Nitrogen-doped tungsten carbide nanoarray as an efficient bifunctional electrocatalyst for water splitting in acid. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-03429-z.
Han, Nana, Yang, Ke R., Lu, Zhiyi, Li, Yingjie, Xu, Wenwen, Gao, Tengfei, Cai, Zhao, Zhang, Ying, Batista, Victor S., Liu, Wen, and Sun, Xiaoming. Fri . "Nitrogen-doped tungsten carbide nanoarray as an efficient bifunctional electrocatalyst for water splitting in acid". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-03429-z. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1490192.
@article{osti_1490192,
title = {Nitrogen-doped tungsten carbide nanoarray as an efficient bifunctional electrocatalyst for water splitting in acid},
author = {Han, Nana and Yang, Ke R. and Lu, Zhiyi and Li, Yingjie and Xu, Wenwen and Gao, Tengfei and Cai, Zhao and Zhang, Ying and Batista, Victor S. and Liu, Wen and Sun, Xiaoming},
abstractNote = {Tungsten carbide is one of the most promising electrocatalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction, although it exhibits sluggish kinetics due to a strong tungsten-hydrogen bond. In addition, tungsten carbide’s catalytic activity toward the oxygen evolution reaction has yet to be reported. Here, we introduce a superaerophobic nitrogen-doped tungsten carbide nanoarray electrode exhibiting high stability and activity toward hydrogen evolution reaction as well as driving oxygen evolution efficiently in acid. Nitrogen-doping and nanoarray structure accelerate hydrogen gas release from the electrode, realizing a current density of -200 mA cm-2 at the potential of -190 mV vs. reversible hydrogen electrode, which manifest one of the best non-noble metal catalysts for hydrogen evolution reaction. Under acidic conditions (0.5 M sulfuric acid), water splitting catalyzed by nitrogen-doped tungsten carbide nanoarray starts from about 1.4 V, and outperforms most other water splitting catalysts.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-018-03429-z},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 181 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: DFT hydrogen binding geometries and binding energies. Hydrogen binding geometries and binding energies of a WC (001) surface, b N-WC (001) surface, c Pt (111) surface, and d calculated partial density of state (DOS) of WC (001) and N-WC (001). The vertical dash line denotes the position ofmore » the Fermi level. Color key: black, brown, white, blue, and gray balls represent C, W, H, N, and Pt atoms, respectively« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Generalized Gradient Approximation Made Simple
journal, October 1996

  • Perdew, John P.; Burke, Kieron; Ernzerhof, Matthias
  • Physical Review Letters, Vol. 77, Issue 18, p. 3865-3868
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.77.3865

Ultrahigh Hydrogen Evolution Performance of Under-Water “Superaerophobic” MoS 2 Nanostructured Electrodes
journal, February 2014


Projector augmented-wave method
journal, December 1994


Hybrid bio-photo-electro-chemical cells for solar water splitting
journal, August 2016

  • Pinhassi, Roy I.; Kallmann, Dan; Saper, Gadiel
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12552

MoS2 Nanoparticles Grown on Graphene An Advanced Catalyst for the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction
journal, May 2011

  • Li, Yanguang; Wang, Hailiang; Xie, Liming
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 133, Issue 19, p. 7296-7299
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja201269b

Design of template-stabilized active and earth-abundant oxygen evolution catalysts in acid
journal, January 2017

  • Huynh, Michael; Ozel, Tuncay; Liu, Chong
  • Chemical Science, Vol. 8, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7SC01239J

Molybdenum phosphide as an efficient electrocatalyst for the hydrogen evolution reaction
journal, January 2014

  • Xiao, Peng; Sk, Mahasin Alam; Thia, Larissa
  • Energy Environ. Sci., Vol. 7, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4EE00957F

Metal-encapsulated organolead halide perovskite photocathode for solar-driven hydrogen evolution in water
journal, September 2016

  • Crespo-Quesada, Micaela; Pazos-Outón, Luis M.; Warnan, Julien
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12555

Tungsten Carbide-Nitride on Graphene Nanoplatelets as a Durable Hydrogen Evolution Electrocatalyst
journal, July 2014

  • Chen, Wei-Fu; Schneider, Jonathan M.; Sasaki, Kotaro
  • ChemSusChem, Vol. 7, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201402454

Twin-induced one-dimensional homojunctions yield high quantum efficiency for solar hydrogen generation
journal, September 2013

  • Liu, Maochang; Jing, Dengwei; Zhou, Zhaohui
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3278

Trends in the Hydrogen Evolution Activity of Metal Carbide Catalysts
journal, March 2014

  • Michalsky, Ronald; Zhang, Yin-Jia; Peterson, Andrew A.
  • ACS Catalysis, Vol. 4, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/cs500056u

From ultrasoft pseudopotentials to the projector augmented-wave method
journal, January 1999


Synthesis, characterization and surface reactivity of tungsten carbide (WC) PVD films
journal, October 2004


Porous metallic MoO 2 -supported MoS 2 nanosheets for enhanced electrocatalytic activity in the hydrogen evolution reaction
journal, January 2015

  • Yang, Linjing; Zhou, Weijia; Hou, Dongman
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 7, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4NR06754A

Hydrogen Evolution by Tungsten Carbonitride Nanoelectrocatalysts Synthesized by the Formation of a Tungsten Acid/Polymer Hybrid In Situ
journal, October 2013

  • Zhao, Yong; Kamiya, Kazuhide; Hashimoto, Kazuhito
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 52, Issue 51
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201307527

Electrocatalysts for hydrogen oxidation and evolution reactions
journal, March 2016


Defect-Rich MoS 2 Ultrathin Nanosheets with Additional Active Edge Sites for Enhanced Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution
journal, August 2013


Superaerophobic RuO 2 -Based Nanostructured Electrode for High-Performance Chlorine Evolution Reaction
journal, October 2016


Phosphorus-Modified Tungsten Nitride/Reduced Graphene Oxide as a High-Performance, Non-Noble-Metal Electrocatalyst for the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction
journal, March 2015

  • Yan, Haijing; Tian, Chungui; Wang, Lei
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 54, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201501419

Nature of Activated Manganese Oxide for Oxygen Evolution
journal, November 2015

  • Huynh, Michael; Shi, Chenyang; Billinge, Simon J. L.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b06382

Hydrogen-storage materials for mobile applications
journal, November 2001

  • Schlapbach, Louis; Züttel, Andreas
  • Nature, Vol. 414, Issue 6861
  • DOI: 10.1038/35104634

Ab initiomolecular dynamics for liquid metals
journal, January 1993


Facile Photochemical Preparation of Amorphous Iridium Oxide Films for Water Oxidation Catalysis
journal, February 2014

  • Smith, Rodney D. L.; Sporinova, Barbora; Fagan, Randal D.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm4041715

Carbon Nanotubes Decorated with CoP Nanocrystals: A Highly Active Non-Noble-Metal Nanohybrid Electrocatalyst for Hydrogen Evolution
journal, May 2014

  • Liu, Qian; Tian, Jingqi; Cui, Wei
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 53, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201404161

WC as a non-platinum hydrogen evolution electrocatalyst for high temperature PEM water electrolysers
journal, December 2012

  • Nikiforov, A. V.; Petrushina, I. M.; Christensen, E.
  • International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 37, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.09.112

A Comparison of the Adsorption and Diffusion of Hydrogen on the {111} Surfaces of Ni, Pd, and Pt from Density Functional Theory Calculations
journal, May 2001

  • Watson, Graeme W.; Wells, Richard P. K.; Willock, David J.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 105, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp002864c

Crystalline Cobalt Oxide Films for Sustained Electrocatalytic Oxygen Evolution under Strongly Acidic Conditions
journal, January 2017


Efficiency of ab-initio total energy calculations for metals and semiconductors using a plane-wave basis set
journal, July 1996


Sustainable Hydrogen Production
journal, August 2004


Building an appropriate active-site motif into a hydrogen-evolution catalyst with thiomolybdate [Mo3S13]2− clusters
journal, January 2014

  • Kibsgaard, Jakob; Jaramillo, Thomas F.; Besenbacher, Flemming
  • Nature Chemistry, Vol. 6, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nchem.1853

A Hydrogen Economy
journal, June 1972


Efficient iterative schemes for ab initio total-energy calculations using a plane-wave basis set
journal, October 1996


Operando Spectroscopic Analysis of an Amorphous Cobalt Sulfide Hydrogen Evolution Electrocatalyst
journal, June 2015

  • Kornienko, Nikolay; Resasco, Joaquin; Becknell, Nigel
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b03545

Surface Electronic Properties of Tungsten, Tungsten Carbide, and Platinum
journal, July 1974


Ti3C2 MXene co-catalyst on metal sulfide photo-absorbers for enhanced visible-light photocatalytic hydrogen production
journal, January 2017

  • Ran, Jingrun; Gao, Guoping; Li, Fa-Tang
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13907

Ab initio molecular-dynamics simulation of the liquid-metal–amorphous-semiconductor transition in germanium
journal, May 1994


Amorphous Molybdenum Phosphide Nanoparticles for Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution
journal, August 2014

  • McEnaney, Joshua M.; Crompton, J. Chance; Callejas, Juan F.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm502035s

Molecular Insight in Structure and Activity of Highly Efficient, Low-Ir Ir–Ni Oxide Catalysts for Electrochemical Water Splitting (OER)
journal, September 2015

  • Reier, Tobias; Pawolek, Zarina; Cherevko, Serhiy
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 40
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b07788

Ultrafine Molybdenum Carbide Nanoparticles Composited with Carbon as a Highly Active Hydrogen-Evolution Electrocatalyst
journal, October 2015

  • Ma, Ruguang; Zhou, Yao; Chen, Yongfang
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 54, Issue 49
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201506727

Cage-Confinement Pyrolysis Route to Ultrasmall Tungsten Carbide Nanoparticles for Efficient Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution
journal, April 2017

  • Xu, Yan-Tong; Xiao, Xiaofen; Ye, Zi-Ming
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 139, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b00165

Modification of the surface electronic and chemical properties of Pt(111) by subsurface 3d transition metals
journal, June 2004

  • Kitchin, J. R.; Nørskov, J. K.; Barteau, M. A.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1737365

Ultrathin WS 2 Nanoflakes as a High-Performance Electrocatalyst for the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction
journal, May 2014

  • Cheng, Liang; Huang, Wenjing; Gong, Qiufang
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 53, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201402315

Platinum-Like Behavior of Tungsten Carbide in Surface Catalysis
journal, August 1973


Ultrasmall and phase-pure W2C nanoparticles for efficient electrocatalytic and photoelectrochemical hydrogen evolution
journal, October 2016

  • Gong, Qiufang; Wang, Yu; Hu, Qi
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13216

Hydrogen evolution from a copper(I) oxide photocathode coated with an amorphous molybdenum sulphide catalyst
journal, January 2014

  • Morales-Guio, Carlos G.; Tilley, S. David; Vrubel, Heron
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4059

Enhancement of photochemical hydrogen evolution over Pt-loaded hierarchical titania photonic crystal
journal, January 2010

  • Liu, Jian; Liu, Guilin; Li, Mingzhu
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 3, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1039/c0ee00116c

A novel Sn2Sb2O7 nanophotocatalyst for visible-light-driven H2 evolution
journal, July 2012


Template-Free Pseudomorphic Synthesis of Tungsten Carbide Nanorods
journal, July 2012


Ultrafine Molybdenum Carbide Nanoparticles Composited with Carbon as a Highly Active Hydrogen-Evolution Electrocatalyst
journal, October 2015


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Promoting Subordinate, Efficient Ruthenium Sites with Interstitial Silicon for Pt-Like Electrocatalytic Activity
    journal, July 2019

    • Chen, Hui; Ai, Xuan; Liu, Wang
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 33
    • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201906394

    WX y /g‐C 3 N 4 (WX y =W 2 C, WS 2 , or W 2 N) Composites for Highly Efficient Photocatalytic Water Splitting
    journal, June 2019


    Self‐Assembled Monolayer Stabilized Gold‐Vanadate Nanoflute for Water Splitting Reactions
    journal, June 2019


    Promoting Subordinate, Efficient Ruthenium Sites with Interstitial Silicon for Pt-Like Electrocatalytic Activity
    journal, July 2019

    • Chen, Hui; Ai, Xuan; Liu, Wang
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 33
    • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201906394

    WX y /g‐C 3 N 4 (WX y =W 2 C, WS 2 , or W 2 N) Composites for Highly Efficient Photocatalytic Water Splitting
    journal, June 2019


    Self‐Assembled Monolayer Stabilized Gold‐Vanadate Nanoflute for Water Splitting Reactions
    journal, June 2019


    Rational Design of Nanoarray Architectures for Electrocatalytic Water Splitting
    journal, January 2019

    • Hou, Jungang; Wu, Yunzhen; Zhang, Bo
    • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 29, Issue 20
    • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201808367

    Regulating the Electronic Structure of CoP Nanosheets by O Incorporation for High‐Efficiency Electrochemical Overall Water Splitting
    journal, December 2019

    • Zhou, Guangyao; Li, Meng; Li, Yanle
    • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 30, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201905252

    Nitrogen-Doped CoP Electrocatalysts for Coupled Hydrogen Evolution and Sulfur Generation with Low Energy Consumption
    journal, May 2018


    Structural Design and Electronic Modulation of Transition-Metal-Carbide Electrocatalysts toward Efficient Hydrogen Evolution
    journal, August 2018

    • Gao, Qingsheng; Zhang, Wenbiao; Shi, Zhangping
    • Advanced Materials, Vol. 31, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201802880

    Water Oxidation Catalysts for Artificial Photosynthesis
    journal, July 2019


    Construction of Hierarchical Co–Fe Oxyphosphide Microtubes for Electrocatalytic Overall Water Splitting
    journal, July 2019


    Rational Design of Holey 2D Nonlayered Transition Metal Carbide/Nitride Heterostructure Nanosheets for Highly Efficient Water Oxidation
    journal, February 2019

    • Kou, Zongkui; Wang, Tingting; Gu, Qilin
    • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 16
    • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201803768

    Organic Proton‐Buffer Electrode to Separate Hydrogen and Oxygen Evolution in Acid Water Electrolysis
    journal, February 2019


    Interfacial Defect Engineering for Improved Portable Zinc–Air Batteries with a Broad Working Temperature
    journal, June 2019


    Surface‐Electron Coupling for Efficient Hydrogen Evolution
    journal, October 2019


    Organic Proton‐Buffer Electrode to Separate Hydrogen and Oxygen Evolution in Acid Water Electrolysis
    journal, February 2019

    • Ma, Yuanyuan; Guo, Zhaowei; Dong, Xiaoli
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 14
    • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201814625

    Nanotubes of NiCo 2 S 4 /Co 9 S 8 Heterostructure: Efficient Hydrogen Evolution Catalyst in Alkaline Medium
    journal, October 2018


    Noble‐Metal‐Free Colloidal‐Copper Based Low Overpotential Water Oxidation Electrocatalyst
    journal, July 2019

    • Babar, Noor‐Ul‐Ain; Joya, Khurram Saleem; Ehsan, Muhammad Ali
    • ChemCatChem, Vol. 11, Issue 24
    • DOI: 10.1002/cctc.201900202

    Nonmetal Doping as a Robust Route for Boosting the Hydrogen Evolution of Metal‐Based Electrocatalysts
    journal, August 2019


    Solid‐State Conversion Synthesis of Advanced Electrocatalysts for Water Splitting
    journal, December 2019


    Twinned Tungsten Carbonitride Nanocrystals Boost Hydrogen Evolution Activity and Stability
    journal, April 2019


    Fibrous‐Structured Freestanding Electrodes for Oxygen Electrocatalysis
    journal, December 2019


    Amorphous Catalysts and Electrochemical Water Splitting: An Untold Story of Harmony
    journal, December 2019


    WC 1−x ‐Coupled 3D Porous Defective g‐C 3 N 4 for Efficient Photocatalytic Overall Water Splitting
    journal, February 2019


    Confined local oxygen gas promotes electrochemical water oxidation to hydrogen peroxide
    journal, January 2020


    VS 2 : an efficient catalyst for an electrochemical hydrogen evolution reaction in an acidic medium
    journal, January 2018

    • Das, Jiban K.; Samantara, Aneeya K.; Nayak, Arpan K.
    • Dalton Transactions, Vol. 47, Issue 39
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8dt02547a

    A hierarchical nickel–carbon structure templated by metal–organic frameworks for efficient overall water splitting
    journal, January 2018

    • Sun, Hao; Lian, Yuebin; Yang, Cheng
    • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 11, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ee00934a

    Highly efficient hydrogen evolution triggered by a multi-interfacial Ni/WC hybrid electrocatalyst
    journal, January 2018

    • Ma, Yuan-Yuan; Lang, Zhong-Ling; Yan, Li-Kai
    • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 11, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ee01129j

    Ultrafast fabrication of nickel sulfide film on Ni foam for efficient overall water splitting
    journal, January 2018


    Activation of defective nickel molybdate nanowires for enhanced alkaline electrochemical hydrogen evolution
    journal, January 2018


    Well-aligned metal–organic framework array-derived CoS 2 nanosheets toward robust electrochemical water splitting
    journal, January 2018

    • Yao, Na; Tan, Tan; Yang, Fulin
    • Materials Chemistry Frontiers, Vol. 2, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8qm00259b

    Ultrafine cable-like WC/W 2 C heterojunction nanowires covered by graphitic carbon towards highly efficient electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution
    journal, January 2018

    • Zhang, Lu-Nan; Ma, Yuan-Yuan; Lang, Zhong-Ling
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 31
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta05007d

    Boosting hydrogen evolution activity of vanadyl pyrophosphate nanosheets for electrocatalytic overall water splitting
    journal, January 2019

    • Zhang, Chaoxiong; Liu, Haoxuan; He, Jia
    • Chemical Communications, Vol. 55, Issue 71
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9cc04481g

    Facile synthesis of amorphous MoS x –Fe anchored on Zr-MOFs towards efficient and stable electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution
    journal, January 2020

    • Zhang, Le; Yan, Zhenhua; Chen, Xiang
    • Chemical Communications, Vol. 56, Issue 18
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9cc08771k

    Mass-producible 2D-WS 2 bulk modified screen printed electrodes towards the hydrogen evolution reaction
    journal, January 2019

    • Hughes, Jack P.; Blanco, Felipe D.; Banks, Craig E.
    • RSC Advances, Vol. 9, Issue 43
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ra05342e

    Constructing ultrathin CoP nanomeshes by Er-doping for highly efficient bifunctional electrocatalysts for overall water splitting
    journal, January 2019

    • Zhang, Gengwei; Wang, Bin; Bi, Jinglei
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta00530g

    Interfacial nickel nitride/sulfide as a bifunctional electrode for highly efficient overall water/seawater electrolysis
    journal, January 2019

    • Zhao, Yongqiang; Jin, Bo; Vasileff, Anthony
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 14
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta01903k

    Microwave-assisted ultrafast synthesis of adjustable bimetal phosphide/graphene heterostructures from MOFs for efficient electrochemical water splitting
    journal, January 2019

    • Bu, Fanxing; Chen, Wenshu; Aly Aboud, Mohamed F.
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 24
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta03146d

    A universal synthesis strategy to make metal nitride electrocatalysts for hydrogen evolution reaction
    journal, January 2019

    • Yu, Luo; Song, Shaowei; McElhenny, Brian
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 34
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta05455c

    Tailoring the facets of Ni 3 S 2 as a bifunctional electrocatalyst for high-performance overall water-splitting
    journal, January 2019

    • Li, Lingjie; Sun, Caiyun; Shang, Bo
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 30
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta05578a

    Activating and optimizing the activity of NiCoP nanosheets for electrocatalytic alkaline water splitting through the V doping effect enhanced by P vacancies
    journal, January 2019

    • Yan, Yaotian; Lin, Jinghuang; Cao, Jian
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 42
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta09283h

    Facile Synthesis of Tungsten Carbide Nanosheets for Trace Level Detection of Toxic Mercury Ions in Biological and Contaminated Sewage Water Samples: An Electrocatalytic Approach
    journal, January 2019

    • Boopathy, Gopal; Govindasamy, Mani; Nazari, Maryam
    • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 166, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1149/2.0181910jes

    Earth-Abundant Electrocatalysts in Proton Exchange Membrane Electrolyzers
    journal, December 2018

    • Sun, Xinwei; Xu, Kaiqi; Fleischer, Christian
    • Catalysts, Vol. 8, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.3390/catal8120657

      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.