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Title: Highly Graphitized Carbon Coating on SiO with a π–π Stacking Precursor Polymer for High Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries

Abstract

A highly graphitized carbon on a silicon monoxide (SiO) surface coating at low temperature, based on polymer precursor π–π stacking, was developed. A novel conductive and electrochemically stable carbon coating was rationally designed to modify the SiO anode materials by controlling the sintering of a conductive polymer, a pyrene-based homopolymer poly (1-pyrenemethyl methacrylate; PPy), which achieved high graphitization of the carbon layers at a low temperature and avoided silicon carbide formation and possible SiO material transformation. When evaluated as the anode of a lithium-ion battery (LIB), the carbon-coated SiO composite delivered a high discharge capacity of 2058.6 mAh/g at 0.05 C of the first formation cycle with an initial Coulombic efficiency (ICE) of 62.2%. After 50 cycles at 0.1 C, this electrode capacity was 1090.2 mAh/g (~82% capacity retention, relative to the capacity of the second cycle at 0.1 °C rate), and a specific capacity of 514.7 mAh/g was attained at 0.3 C after 500 cycles. Furthermore, the coin-type full cell composed of the carbon coated SiO composite anode and the Li[Ni 0.5Co 0.2Mn 0.3O 2] cathode attained excellent cycling performance. The results show the potential applications for using a π–π stacking polymer precursor to generate a highly graphitize coatingmore » for next-generation high-energy-density LIBs.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [3];  [2]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy Storage and Distributed Resources Division. Energy Technologies Area; Nanjing Univ. of Aeronautics and Astronautics (China). Jiangsu Key Lab. of Electrochemical Energy Storage Technologies. College of Material Science and Engineering
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy Storage and Distributed Resources Division. Energy Technologies Area
  3. Nanjing Univ. of Aeronautics and Astronautics (China). Jiangsu Key Lab. of Electrochemical Energy Storage Technologies. College of Material Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Program on Key Basic Research Project of China; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (China)
OSTI Identifier:
1489658
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; 2014CB239701; 51372116; 51504139; BK2011030; BK20150739
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Polymers
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2073-4360
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; graphite carbon; silicon monoxide; anode; coating; lithium-ion battery

Citation Formats

Fang, Shan, Li, Ning, Zheng, Tianyue, Fu, Yanbao, Song, Xiangyun, Zhang, Ting, Li, Shaopeng, Wang, Bin, Zhang, Xiaogang, and Liu, Gao. Highly Graphitized Carbon Coating on SiO with a π–π Stacking Precursor Polymer for High Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.3390/polym10060610.
Fang, Shan, Li, Ning, Zheng, Tianyue, Fu, Yanbao, Song, Xiangyun, Zhang, Ting, Li, Shaopeng, Wang, Bin, Zhang, Xiaogang, & Liu, Gao. Highly Graphitized Carbon Coating on SiO with a π–π Stacking Precursor Polymer for High Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries. United States. doi:10.3390/polym10060610.
Fang, Shan, Li, Ning, Zheng, Tianyue, Fu, Yanbao, Song, Xiangyun, Zhang, Ting, Li, Shaopeng, Wang, Bin, Zhang, Xiaogang, and Liu, Gao. Mon . "Highly Graphitized Carbon Coating on SiO with a π–π Stacking Precursor Polymer for High Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries". United States. doi:10.3390/polym10060610. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1489658.
@article{osti_1489658,
title = {Highly Graphitized Carbon Coating on SiO with a π–π Stacking Precursor Polymer for High Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries},
author = {Fang, Shan and Li, Ning and Zheng, Tianyue and Fu, Yanbao and Song, Xiangyun and Zhang, Ting and Li, Shaopeng and Wang, Bin and Zhang, Xiaogang and Liu, Gao},
abstractNote = {A highly graphitized carbon on a silicon monoxide (SiO) surface coating at low temperature, based on polymer precursor π–π stacking, was developed. A novel conductive and electrochemically stable carbon coating was rationally designed to modify the SiO anode materials by controlling the sintering of a conductive polymer, a pyrene-based homopolymer poly (1-pyrenemethyl methacrylate; PPy), which achieved high graphitization of the carbon layers at a low temperature and avoided silicon carbide formation and possible SiO material transformation. When evaluated as the anode of a lithium-ion battery (LIB), the carbon-coated SiO composite delivered a high discharge capacity of 2058.6 mAh/g at 0.05 C of the first formation cycle with an initial Coulombic efficiency (ICE) of 62.2%. After 50 cycles at 0.1 C, this electrode capacity was 1090.2 mAh/g (~82% capacity retention, relative to the capacity of the second cycle at 0.1 °C rate), and a specific capacity of 514.7 mAh/g was attained at 0.3 C after 500 cycles. Furthermore, the coin-type full cell composed of the carbon coated SiO composite anode and the Li[Ni0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2] cathode attained excellent cycling performance. The results show the potential applications for using a π–π stacking polymer precursor to generate a highly graphitize coating for next-generation high-energy-density LIBs.},
doi = {10.3390/polym10060610},
journal = {Polymers},
number = 6,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: (a) Schematic illustrating the synthesis process of the SiO-PPy composite material sintered at different temperature; (b) Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectra of untreated PPy and PPy pyrolyzed at 400–600 °C; (c) Raman spectra of SiO-PPy treated at 400, 500, and 600 °C; (d–g) x-ray photoelectronmore » spectroscopy (XPS) spectra; and (h) the corresponding carbon bonding composition of untreated PPy and PPy pyrolyzed at 400-600 °C.« less

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.