skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Neutron Scattering Investigations of Hydride Species in Heterogeneous Catalysis

Abstract

We present that in heterogeneous catalysis, hydrides on the surface or in the bulk play a critical role as either active components or reaction intermediates in many hydrogen-involving reactions, but characterization of the nature and structure of these hydride species remains challenging. Neutron scattering, which is extremely sensitive to light elements, such as hydrogen, has shown great potential in meeting this challenge. In this Minireview, recent advances in neutron studies of hydride species, mainly over the two most typical classes of catalysts—metals and oxides—are surveyed. Findings on catalysts outside these categories are raised if they are considered to be relevant for contextualization in the present Minireview. The adsorption, dissociation, spillover, and reactivity of hydrogen, especially hydride species over supported metal and oxide catalysts, have been successfully investigated, mostly by means of neutron vibrational spectroscopy. Insights from these neutron studies, which are otherwise not possible with other techniques, shed light on the interaction mechanism of hydrogen with solid surfaces and reaction mechanisms in which hydrogen is involved. Lastly, future research challenges on neutron scattering studies of hydrides, as well as catalysis in general, are also highlighted, and more operando-type neutron studies need be conducted to advance the field.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Understanding and Control of Acid Gas-induced Evolution of Materials for Energy (UNCAGE-ME); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division; USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1489564
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1483335
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ChemSusChem
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1864-5631
Publisher:
ChemPubSoc Europe
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; heterogeneous catalysis; hydrides; neutron scattering; supported catalysts; transition metals

Citation Formats

Polo Garzon, Felipe, Luo, Si, Cheng, Yongqiang, Page, Katharine L., Ramirez Cuesta, Anibal, Britt, Phillip F., and Wu, Zili. Neutron Scattering Investigations of Hydride Species in Heterogeneous Catalysis. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/cssc.201801890.
Polo Garzon, Felipe, Luo, Si, Cheng, Yongqiang, Page, Katharine L., Ramirez Cuesta, Anibal, Britt, Phillip F., & Wu, Zili. Neutron Scattering Investigations of Hydride Species in Heterogeneous Catalysis. United States. doi:10.1002/cssc.201801890.
Polo Garzon, Felipe, Luo, Si, Cheng, Yongqiang, Page, Katharine L., Ramirez Cuesta, Anibal, Britt, Phillip F., and Wu, Zili. Mon . "Neutron Scattering Investigations of Hydride Species in Heterogeneous Catalysis". United States. doi:10.1002/cssc.201801890. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1489564.
@article{osti_1489564,
title = {Neutron Scattering Investigations of Hydride Species in Heterogeneous Catalysis},
author = {Polo Garzon, Felipe and Luo, Si and Cheng, Yongqiang and Page, Katharine L. and Ramirez Cuesta, Anibal and Britt, Phillip F. and Wu, Zili},
abstractNote = {We present that in heterogeneous catalysis, hydrides on the surface or in the bulk play a critical role as either active components or reaction intermediates in many hydrogen-involving reactions, but characterization of the nature and structure of these hydride species remains challenging. Neutron scattering, which is extremely sensitive to light elements, such as hydrogen, has shown great potential in meeting this challenge. In this Minireview, recent advances in neutron studies of hydride species, mainly over the two most typical classes of catalysts—metals and oxides—are surveyed. Findings on catalysts outside these categories are raised if they are considered to be relevant for contextualization in the present Minireview. The adsorption, dissociation, spillover, and reactivity of hydrogen, especially hydride species over supported metal and oxide catalysts, have been successfully investigated, mostly by means of neutron vibrational spectroscopy. Insights from these neutron studies, which are otherwise not possible with other techniques, shed light on the interaction mechanism of hydrogen with solid surfaces and reaction mechanisms in which hydrogen is involved. Lastly, future research challenges on neutron scattering studies of hydrides, as well as catalysis in general, are also highlighted, and more operando-type neutron studies need be conducted to advance the field.},
doi = {10.1002/cssc.201801890},
journal = {ChemSusChem},
number = 1,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Characterisation of carbon supported platinum-ruthenium fuel cell catalysts of different degree of alloying
journal, December 2008


Gold Catalysis
journal, December 2006

  • Hashmi, A. Stephen K.; Hutchings, Graham J.
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 45, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.200602454

Room temperature methoxylation in zeolites: insight into a key step of the methanol-to-hydrocarbons process
journal, January 2016

  • O'Malley, Alexander J.; Parker, Stewart F.; Chutia, Arunabhiram
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 52, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5CC08956E

Hydrogen adsorption on two catalysts for the ortho- to parahydrogen conversion: Cr-doped silica and ferric oxide gel
journal, January 2016

  • Hartl, Monika; Gillis, Robert Chad; Daemen, Luke
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 18, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6CP01154C

Opposite Face Sensitivity of CeO 2 in Hydrogenation and Oxidation Catalysis
journal, August 2014

  • Vilé, Gianvito; Colussi, Sara; Krumeich, Frank
  • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 126, Issue 45
  • DOI: 10.1002/ange.201406637

Diffusion of Long n -Alkanes in Silicalite. A Comparison between Neutron Scattering Experiments and Hierarchical Simulation Results
journal, February 2006

  • Jobic, Hervé; Theodorou, Doros N.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 110, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp056924w

Atom-Resolved Imaging of Dynamic Shape Changes in Supported Copper Nanocrystals
journal, March 2002


Characterization of Hydrous Palladium Oxide: Implications for Low-Temperature Carbon Monoxide Oxidation
journal, July 2010

  • Parker, Stewart F.; Refson, Keith; Hannon, Alex C.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 114, Issue 33
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp103847d

Catalyst poisoning by methyl groups
journal, January 1999

  • Albers, Peter; Angert, Hubert; Prescher, Günter
  • Chemical Communications, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1039/a905034e

Applications of neutron scattering to heterogeneous catalysis
journal, September 2016


The application of inelastic neutron scattering to investigate the steam reforming of methane over an alumina-supported nickel catalyst
journal, December 2013


In Situ Study of Catalytic Processes: Neutron Diffraction of a Methanol Synthesis Catalyst at Industrially Relevant Pressure
journal, April 2013

  • Kandemir, Timur; Girgsdies, Frank; Hansen, Thomas C.
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 52, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201209539

Hydrogen Interaction with a Ceria−Zirconia Supported Gold Catalyst. Influence of CO Co-adsorption and Pretreatment Conditions
journal, October 2007

  • Collins, Sebastián E.; Cíes, José M.; del Río, Eloy
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 111, Issue 39
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp071968l

Identification of Surface States on Finely Divided Supported Palladium Catalysts by Means of Inelastic Incoherent Neutron Scattering
journal, September 2004

  • Albers, Peter W.; Krauter, Jürgen G. E.; Ross, D. K.
  • Langmuir, Vol. 20, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1021/la040054c

The Formation of Ti–H Species at Interface Is Lethal to the Efficiency of TiO 2 -Based Dye-Sensitized Devices
journal, January 2017

  • Yan, Yan; Shi, Weidong; Yuan, Zhen
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 139, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b12324

Thermal Decomposition of the Non-Interstitial Hydrides for the Storage and Production of Hydrogen
journal, March 2004

  • Grochala, Wojciech; Edwards, Peter P.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 104, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr030691s

Neutron-scattering and volumetric study of hydrogen adsorbed and absorbed on Raney palladium
journal, January 1985

  • Jobic, Hervé; Candy, Jean-Pierre; Perrichon, Vincent
  • Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions 1: Physical Chemistry in Condensed Phases, Vol. 81, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/f19858101955

In Situ Investigations of Structural Changes in Cu/ZnO Catalysts
journal, September 2000

  • Grunwaldt, J. -D; Molenbroek, A. M.; Topsøe, N. -Y
  • Journal of Catalysis, Vol. 194, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1006/jcat.2000.2930

Different species of hydrogen chemisorbed on Raney nickel studied by neutron inelastic spectroscopy
journal, January 1977

  • Renouprez, A. J.; Fouilloux, P.; Coudurier, G.
  • Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions 1: Physical Chemistry in Condensed Phases, Vol. 73, Issue 0
  • DOI: 10.1039/f19777300001

Vibrational states of atomic hydrogen in bulk and nanocrystalline palladium studied by neutron spectroscopy
journal, August 2017


Vibrational Spectroscopy with Neutrons: A Review of New Directions
journal, December 2011

  • Parker, Stewart F.; Lennon, David; Albers, Peter W.
  • Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 65, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1366/11-06456

Dynamics of H 2 adsorbed in porous materials as revealed by computational analysis of inelastic neutron scattering spectra
journal, January 2016

  • Pham, Tony; Forrest, Katherine A.; Space, Brian
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 18, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6CP01863G

Hydrogen Spillover Effect of Pt-Doped Activated Carbon Studied by Inelastic Neutron Scattering
journal, August 2011

  • Tsao, Cheng-Si; Liu, Yun; Chuang, Haw-Yeu
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 2, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1021/jz2010368

Ceria in Hydrogenation Catalysis: High Selectivity in the Conversion of Alkynes to Olefins
journal, July 2012

  • Vilé, Gianvito; Bridier, Blaise; Wichert, Jonas
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 51, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201203675

Characterisation of hydrocarbonaceous overlayers important in metal-catalysed selective hydrogenation reactions
journal, December 2013


Transient behavior of Cu/ZnO-based methanol synthesis catalysts
journal, February 2009


Homolytic Products from Heterolytic Paths in H 2 Dissociation on Metal Oxides: The Example of CeO 2
journal, May 2014

  • García-Melchor, Max; López, Núria
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 118, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp502309r

Isolated Surface Hydrides: Formation, Structure, and Reactivity
journal, June 2016


Characterisation of the adsorption sites of hydrogen on Pt/C fuel cell catalysts
journal, May 2006


Evidence for the Role of Colloidal Palladium in the Catalytic Formation of H2O2 from H2 and O2
journal, March 2002

  • Dissanayake, Dhammike P.; Lunsford, Jack H.
  • Journal of Catalysis, Vol. 206, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1006/jcat.2001.3501

Neutron spectroscopy as a tool in catalytic science
journal, January 2017

  • O'Malley, Alexander J.; Parker, Stewart F.; Catlow, C. Richard A.
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 53, Issue 90
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7CC05982E

Diffusion of Isobutane in Silicalite: A Neutron Spin–Echo and Molecular Dynamics Simulation Study
journal, November 2015

  • O’Malley, Alexander J.; Catlow, C. Richard A.; Monkenbusch, Michael
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 119, Issue 48
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b08048

Neutron spectroscopic evidence for subsurface hydrogen in palladium
journal, December 1987

  • Nicol, Jacqueline M.; Rush, John J.; Kelley, Richard D.
  • Physical Review B, Vol. 36, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.36.9315

Application of inelastic neutron scattering to studies of CO2 reforming of methane over alumina-supported nickel and gold-doped nickel catalysts
journal, January 2012

  • Silverwood, Ian P.; Hamilton, Neil G.; McFarlane, Andrew R.
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 14, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2cp42745a

Gold-Katalyse
journal, December 2006

  • Hashmi, A. Stephen K.; Hutchings, Graham J.
  • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 118, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1002/ange.200602454

Inelastic neutron scattering studies of hydrogen on fuel cell catalysts
journal, June 2004


Contribution of spillover effects to heterogeneous catalysis
journal, August 2000


Sr 3 Co 2 O 4.33 H 0.84 : An Extended Transition Metal Oxide-Hydride
journal, December 2010

  • Helps, Rebecca M.; Rees, Nicholas H.; Hayward, Michael A.
  • Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 49, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/ic101613b

Quantification of surface species present on a nickel/alumina methane reforming catalyst
journal, January 2010

  • Silverwood, Ian P.; Hamilton, Neil G.; Laycock, Christian J.
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1039/b919977b

PFG NMR and QENS diffusion study of n-alkane homologues in MFI-type zeolites
journal, March 2006


Ceria in Hydrogenation Catalysis: High Selectivity in the Conversion of Alkynes to Olefins
journal, July 2012

  • Vilé, Gianvito; Bridier, Blaise; Wichert, Jonas
  • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 124, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1002/ange.201203675

Formation of hydrides in small particles of palladium supported in Y-zeolite
journal, February 1987


In-situ-Untersuchung von katalytischen Prozessen bei industriell relevanten Drücken: Neutronenbeugung an einem Methanolsynthesekatalysator
journal, April 2013

  • Kandemir, Timur; Girgsdies, Frank; Hansen, Thomas C.
  • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 125, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1002/ange.201209539

Hydrogen storage in CeNiXOY and CeM0.5NiXOY (M=Zr or Al) mixed oxides
journal, November 2008


Highly Efficient and Stable CeNiHZOY Nano-Oxyhydride Catalyst for H2 Production from Ethanol at Room Temperature
journal, August 2011

  • Pirez, Cyril; Capron, Mickaël; Jobic, Hervé
  • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 123, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1002/ange.201102617

The Hydride Anion in an Extended Transition Metal Oxide Array: LaSrCoO3H0.7
journal, March 2002


Inelastic neutron scattering in spectroscopic studies of hydrogen on carbon-supported catalysts-experimental spectra and computed spectra of model systems
journal, June 2003


Neutron scattering and hydrogen storage
journal, November 2009


Inelastic neutron scattering investigations of the products of thermally and catalytically driven catalyst coking
journal, October 1999


Characterization of β-Palladium Hydride Formation in the Lindlar Catalyst and in Carbon-Supported Palladium
journal, November 2011

  • Albers, Peter W.; Möbus, Konrad; Frost, Christopher D.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 115, Issue 50
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp205951c

Unique Reaction Path in Heterogeneous Catalysis: The Concerted Semi-Hydrogenation of Propyne to Propene on CeO 2
journal, October 2014

  • García-Melchor, Max; Bellarosa, Luca; López, Núria
  • ACS Catalysis, Vol. 4, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/cs5011508

A density functional theory study of the ‘mythic’ Lindlar hydrogenation catalyst
journal, September 2010

  • García-Mota, M.; Gómez-Díaz, J.; Novell-Leruth, G.
  • Theoretical Chemistry Accounts, Vol. 128, Issue 4-6
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00214-010-0800-0

Detection of Hydrogen Spillover in Palladium-Modified Activated Carbon Fibers during Hydrogen Adsorption
journal, March 2009

  • Contescu, Cristian I.; Brown, Craig M.; Liu, Yun
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 113, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp900121k

Adsorbed states of dihydrogen on a carbon supported ruthenium catalyst Inelastic neutron scattering study
journal, January 1998

  • Mitchell, Philip C. H.; Parker, Stewart F.; Tomkinson, John
  • Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions, Vol. 94, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1039/a708207j

Introduction: Metal Hydrides
journal, June 2016


Hydrogen Spillover on Carbon-Supported Metal Catalysts Studied by Inelastic Neutron Scattering. Surface Vibrational States and Hydrogen Riding Modes
journal, July 2003

  • Mitchell, Philip C. H.; Ramirez-Cuesta, Anibal J.; Parker, Stewart F.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 107, Issue 28
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp0277356

Room Temperature Hydrogen Production from Ethanol over CeNi X H Z O Y Nano-Oxyhydride Catalysts
journal, May 2013


The direct formation of H2O2 from H2 and O2 over colloidal palladium
journal, February 2003


Characterization of C2 (CxHy) Intermediates from Adsorption and Decomposition of Methane on Supported Metal Catalysts by in situ INS Vibrational Spectroscopy
journal, January 2002


Inelastic Neutron Scattering Studies of Methyl Chloride Synthesis over Alumina
journal, February 2014

  • Lennon, David; Parker, Stewart F.
  • Accounts of Chemical Research, Vol. 47, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/ar400271c

The Nature of the Surface Species Formed on Au/TiO 2 during the Reaction of H 2 and O 2 :  An Inelastic Neutron Scattering Study
journal, January 2004

  • Sivadinarayana, Chinta; Choudhary, Tushar V.; Daemen, Luke L.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 126, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja0381398

Neutron scattering and hydrogenous materials
journal, January 2006


Diffusion of linear and branched alkanes in ZSM-5. A quasi-elastic neutron scattering study
journal, September 2000


Hydrogen in oxides
journal, January 2004

  • Norby, Truls; Widerøe, Marius; Glöckner, Ronny
  • Dalton Trans., Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1039/B403011G

Neutron scattering in catalysis and energy materials
journal, January 2016

  • Silverwood, Ian P.; Parker, Stewart F.; Catlow, C. Richard A.
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 18, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6CP90150F

Study of Bulk and Surface Reduction by Hydrogen of Ce x Zr 1- x O 2 Mixed Oxides Followed by FTIR Spectroscopy and Magnetic Balance
journal, June 1999

  • Daturi, Marco; Finocchio, Elisabetta; Binet, Claude
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 103, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp9905981

Design of a facility for the in situ measurement of catalytic reaction by neutron scattering spectroscopy
journal, January 2018

  • Tan, Shuai; Cheng, Yongqiang; Daemen, Luke L.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 89, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4991523

Dynamics of Long n -Alkanes in Silicalite:  A Hierarchical Simulation Approach
journal, January 1996

  • Maginn, Edward J.; Bell, Alexis T.; Theodorou, Doros N.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 100, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp953200j

Promoted Hydride/Oxide Exchange in SrTiO 3 by Introduction of Anion Vacancy via Aliovalent Cation Substitution
journal, October 2017


Self-diffusion of n-alkanes in silicalite using molecular dynamics simulation: A comparison between rigid and flexible frameworks
journal, January 2004

  • Leroy, F.; Rousseau, B.; Fuchs, A. H.
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 6, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1039/b310273d

The role of hydroxyl groups in low temperature carbon monoxide oxidation
journal, January 2011


Inelastic neutron scattering spectroscopy of hydrogen adsorbed on Raney nickel
journal, January 1984

  • Jobic, Hervé; Renouprez, Albert
  • Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions 1: Physical Chemistry in Condensed Phases, Vol. 80, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/f19848001991

Neutron scattering study of hydrogen adsorption on platinum catalysts
journal, October 1988


Effects of Thermal Fluctuations on the Hydroxylation and Reduction of Ceria Surfaces by Molecular H 2
journal, September 2015

  • Negreiros, Fabio R.; Camellone, Matteo Farnesi; Fabris, Stefano
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 119, Issue 37
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b07030

Evidence for a surface gold hydride on a nanostructured gold catalyst
journal, January 2016

  • Silverwood, I. P.; Rogers, S. M.; Callear, S. K.
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 52, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5CC06118K

An oxyhydride of BaTiO3 exhibiting hydride exchange and electronic conductivity
journal, April 2012

  • Kobayashi, Yoji; Hernandez, Olivier J.; Sakaguchi, Tatsunori
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3302

An assessment of hydrocarbon species in the methanol-to-hydrocarbon reaction over a ZSM-5 catalyst
journal, January 2017

  • Suwardiyanto, Suwardiyanto; Howe, Russell F.; Gibson, Emma K.
  • Faraday Discussions, Vol. 197
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6FD00195E

Opposite Face Sensitivity of CeO 2 in Hydrogenation and Oxidation Catalysis
journal, August 2014

  • Vilé, Gianvito; Colussi, Sara; Krumeich, Frank
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 53, Issue 45
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201406637

Structure determination of adsorbed hydrogen on a real catalyst
journal, January 2010

  • Parker, Stewart F.; Bowron, Daniel T.; Imberti, Silvia
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 46, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1039/c001779e

Probing chemistry and kinetics of reactions in heterogeneous catalysts
journal, January 2013

  • Youngs, Tristan G. A.; Manyar, Haresh; Bowron, Daniel T.
  • Chemical Science, Vol. 4, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3sc51477c

Direct Neutron Spectroscopy Observation of Cerium Hydride Species on a Cerium Oxide Catalyst
journal, July 2017

  • Wu, Zili; Cheng, Yongqiang; Tao, Franklin
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 139, Issue 28
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b05492

Advances in the Design of Nanostructured Catalysts for Selective Hydrogenation
journal, December 2015

  • Vilé, Gianvito; Albani, Davide; Almora-Barrios, Neyvis
  • ChemCatChem, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/cctc.201501269

Breaking scaling relations to achieve low-temperature ammonia synthesis through LiH-mediated nitrogen transfer and hydrogenation
journal, August 2016

  • Wang, Peikun; Chang, Fei; Gao, Wenbo
  • Nature Chemistry, Vol. 9, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nchem.2595

Investigations of Palladium Catalysts on Different Carbon Supports
journal, January 1999