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Title: Techno-economic analysis of jet-fuel production from biorefinery waste lignin

Abstract

Utilizing lignin feedstock along with cellulosic ethanol for the production of high-energy-density jet fuel offers a significant opportunity to enhance the overall operation efficiency, carbon conversion efficiency, economic viability, and sustainability of biofuel and chemical production. A patented catalytic process to produce lignin-substructure-based hydrocarbons in the jet-fuel range from lignin was developed. Comprehensive techno-economic analysis of this process was conducted through process simulation in this study. The discounted cash flow rate of return (DCFROR) method was used to evaluate a 2000 dry metric ton/day lignocellulosic ethanol biorefinery with the co-production of lignin jet fuel. The minimum selling price of lignin jet fuel at a 10% discount rate was estimated to be in the range of $6.35-$1.76/gal depending on the lignin and conversion rate and capacity. With a production capacity of 1.5-16.6 million gallon jet fuel per year, capital costs ranged from $38.0 to $39.4 million. On the whole, the co-production of jet fuel from lignin improved the overall economic viability of an integrated biorefinery process for corn ethanol production by raising co-product revenue from jet fuels.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States)
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Transportation Office. Bioenergy Technologies Office
OSTI Identifier:
1489324
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1484958
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5100-73018
Journal ID: ISSN 1932-104X
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308; AC36‐08GO28308
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 13; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-104X
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; techno-economic analysis; biomass; lignin; jet fuel; ethanol biorefinery

Citation Formats

Shen, Rongchun, Tao, Ling, and Yang, Bin. Techno-economic analysis of jet-fuel production from biorefinery waste lignin. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/bbb.1952.
Shen, Rongchun, Tao, Ling, & Yang, Bin. Techno-economic analysis of jet-fuel production from biorefinery waste lignin. United States. doi:10.1002/bbb.1952.
Shen, Rongchun, Tao, Ling, and Yang, Bin. Fri . "Techno-economic analysis of jet-fuel production from biorefinery waste lignin". United States. doi:10.1002/bbb.1952. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1489324.
@article{osti_1489324,
title = {Techno-economic analysis of jet-fuel production from biorefinery waste lignin},
author = {Shen, Rongchun and Tao, Ling and Yang, Bin},
abstractNote = {Utilizing lignin feedstock along with cellulosic ethanol for the production of high-energy-density jet fuel offers a significant opportunity to enhance the overall operation efficiency, carbon conversion efficiency, economic viability, and sustainability of biofuel and chemical production. A patented catalytic process to produce lignin-substructure-based hydrocarbons in the jet-fuel range from lignin was developed. Comprehensive techno-economic analysis of this process was conducted through process simulation in this study. The discounted cash flow rate of return (DCFROR) method was used to evaluate a 2000 dry metric ton/day lignocellulosic ethanol biorefinery with the co-production of lignin jet fuel. The minimum selling price of lignin jet fuel at a 10% discount rate was estimated to be in the range of $6.35-$1.76/gal depending on the lignin and conversion rate and capacity. With a production capacity of 1.5-16.6 million gallon jet fuel per year, capital costs ranged from $38.0 to $39.4 million. On the whole, the co-production of jet fuel from lignin improved the overall economic viability of an integrated biorefinery process for corn ethanol production by raising co-product revenue from jet fuels.},
doi = {10.1002/bbb.1952},
journal = {Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining},
number = 3,
volume = 13,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {12}
}

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