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Title: Directional detection of light dark matter with polar materials

Abstract

We consider the direct detection of dark matter (DM) with polar materials, where single production of optical or acoustic phonons gives an excellent reach to the scattering of sub-MeV DM for both scalar and vector mediators. Using density functional theory, we calculate the material-specific matrix elements, focusing on GaAs and sapphire, and show that DM scattering in an anisotropic crystal such as sapphire features a strong directional dependence. For example, for a DM candidate with mass 40 keV and relic abundance set by freeze-in, the daily modulation in the interaction rate can be established at 90% C.L. with a gram year of exposure. Nonthermal dark photon DM in the meV-eV mass range can also be effectively absorbed in polar materials.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1488976
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1505522
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review D Journal Volume: 98 Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Griffin, Sinead, Knapen, Simon, Lin, Tongyan, and Zurek, Kathryn M. Directional detection of light dark matter with polar materials. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.98.115034.
Griffin, Sinead, Knapen, Simon, Lin, Tongyan, & Zurek, Kathryn M. Directional detection of light dark matter with polar materials. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.98.115034.
Griffin, Sinead, Knapen, Simon, Lin, Tongyan, and Zurek, Kathryn M. Thu . "Directional detection of light dark matter with polar materials". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.98.115034.
@article{osti_1488976,
title = {Directional detection of light dark matter with polar materials},
author = {Griffin, Sinead and Knapen, Simon and Lin, Tongyan and Zurek, Kathryn M.},
abstractNote = {We consider the direct detection of dark matter (DM) with polar materials, where single production of optical or acoustic phonons gives an excellent reach to the scattering of sub-MeV DM for both scalar and vector mediators. Using density functional theory, we calculate the material-specific matrix elements, focusing on GaAs and sapphire, and show that DM scattering in an anisotropic crystal such as sapphire features a strong directional dependence. For example, for a DM candidate with mass 40 keV and relic abundance set by freeze-in, the daily modulation in the interaction rate can be established at 90% C.L. with a gram year of exposure. Nonthermal dark photon DM in the meV-eV mass range can also be effectively absorbed in polar materials.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.98.115034},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 11,
volume = 98,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.98.115034

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 9 works
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