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Title: Quality factor assessment of finite-size all-dielectric metasurfaces at the magnetic dipole resonance

Abstract

Recently there has been a large interest in achieving metasurface resonances with large quality factors. In this article, we examine metasurfaces that comprised a finite number of magnetic dipoles oriented parallel or orthogonal to the plane of the metasurface and determine analytic formulas for their resonances’ quality factors. These conditions are experimentally achievable in finite-size metasurfaces made of dielectric cubic resonators at the magnetic dipole resonance. Our results show that finite metasurfaces made of parallel (to the plane) magnetic dipoles exhibit low quality factor resonances with a quality factor that is independent of the number of resonators. More importantly, finite metasurfaces made of orthogonal (to the plane) magnetic dipoles lead to resonances with large quality factors, which ultimately depend on the number of resonators comprising the metasurface. In particular, by properly modulating the array of dipole moments by having a distribution of resonator polarizabilities, one can potentially increase the quality factor of metasurface resonances even further. These results provide design guidelines to achieve a sought quality factor applicable to any resonator geometry for the development of new devices such as photodetectors, modulators, and sensors.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States). Electromagnetic Theory Dept.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1488867
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1492380
Report Number(s):
SAND-2018-13132J
Journal ID: ISSN 1847-9804; 669995
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0003525
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 1847-9804
Publisher:
SAGE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; high quality factor; finite-size metasurfaces; dipole approximation; Mie resonances; magnetic dipole resonance

Citation Formats

Warne, Larry K., Jorgenson, Roy E., and Campione, Salvatore. Quality factor assessment of finite-size all-dielectric metasurfaces at the magnetic dipole resonance. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1177/1847980418820161.
Warne, Larry K., Jorgenson, Roy E., & Campione, Salvatore. Quality factor assessment of finite-size all-dielectric metasurfaces at the magnetic dipole resonance. United States. doi:10.1177/1847980418820161.
Warne, Larry K., Jorgenson, Roy E., and Campione, Salvatore. Tue . "Quality factor assessment of finite-size all-dielectric metasurfaces at the magnetic dipole resonance". United States. doi:10.1177/1847980418820161.
@article{osti_1488867,
title = {Quality factor assessment of finite-size all-dielectric metasurfaces at the magnetic dipole resonance},
author = {Warne, Larry K. and Jorgenson, Roy E. and Campione, Salvatore},
abstractNote = {Recently there has been a large interest in achieving metasurface resonances with large quality factors. In this article, we examine metasurfaces that comprised a finite number of magnetic dipoles oriented parallel or orthogonal to the plane of the metasurface and determine analytic formulas for their resonances’ quality factors. These conditions are experimentally achievable in finite-size metasurfaces made of dielectric cubic resonators at the magnetic dipole resonance. Our results show that finite metasurfaces made of parallel (to the plane) magnetic dipoles exhibit low quality factor resonances with a quality factor that is independent of the number of resonators. More importantly, finite metasurfaces made of orthogonal (to the plane) magnetic dipoles lead to resonances with large quality factors, which ultimately depend on the number of resonators comprising the metasurface. In particular, by properly modulating the array of dipole moments by having a distribution of resonator polarizabilities, one can potentially increase the quality factor of metasurface resonances even further. These results provide design guidelines to achieve a sought quality factor applicable to any resonator geometry for the development of new devices such as photodetectors, modulators, and sensors.},
doi = {10.1177/1847980418820161},
journal = {Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology},
number = ,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1177/1847980418820161

Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: (a) Schematic of a metasurface made of dielectric cubic resonators. (b) The magnetic polarizability αm0 of an isolated cubic resonator; the inset shows the normalized electric field distribution in the x-z plane at the magnetic dipole resonance of 28.31 THz; white arrows indicate field direction.

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.