skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: An x-ray optic calibration facility for high energy density diagnostics

Abstract

A facility to calibrate x-ray imaging optics was built at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to support high energy density (HED) and inertial confinement fusion (ICF) diagnostics such as those at the National Ignition Facility and the Sandia Z-Machine. Calibration of the spectral reflectivity and resolution of these x-ray diagnostics enable absolute determination of the x-ray flux and wavelengths generated in the HED and ICF experiments. Measurement of the optic point spread function is used to determine spatial resolution of the optic. This facility was constructed to measure (1) the x-ray reflectivity to ±5% over a spectral range from 5 to 60 keV; (2) point spread functions with a resolution of 50 μm (currently) and 13 μm (future) in the image plane; and (3) optic distance relative to the x-ray source and detector to within ±100 μm in each dimension. Here, this article describes the capabilities of the calibration facility, concept of operations, and initial data from selected x-ray optics.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3];  [3]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  3. Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1488802
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1476124
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-750572
Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748; 936046
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 89; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION

Citation Formats

Kozioziemski, B. J., Ayers, J., Bell, P., Bradley, D. K., Descalle, M. -A., Hau-Riege, S., McCarville, T. J., Pardini, T., Pickworth, L. A., Vogel, J. K., Stone, J., Robinson, J., Ampleford, D. J., Ball, C. R., Bourdon, C. J., Fein, J. R., Wu, M., Ames, A., Bruni, R., and Romaine, S. An x-ray optic calibration facility for high energy density diagnostics. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5038742.
Kozioziemski, B. J., Ayers, J., Bell, P., Bradley, D. K., Descalle, M. -A., Hau-Riege, S., McCarville, T. J., Pardini, T., Pickworth, L. A., Vogel, J. K., Stone, J., Robinson, J., Ampleford, D. J., Ball, C. R., Bourdon, C. J., Fein, J. R., Wu, M., Ames, A., Bruni, R., & Romaine, S. An x-ray optic calibration facility for high energy density diagnostics. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5038742
Kozioziemski, B. J., Ayers, J., Bell, P., Bradley, D. K., Descalle, M. -A., Hau-Riege, S., McCarville, T. J., Pardini, T., Pickworth, L. A., Vogel, J. K., Stone, J., Robinson, J., Ampleford, D. J., Ball, C. R., Bourdon, C. J., Fein, J. R., Wu, M., Ames, A., Bruni, R., and Romaine, S. Thu . "An x-ray optic calibration facility for high energy density diagnostics". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5038742. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1488802.
@article{osti_1488802,
title = {An x-ray optic calibration facility for high energy density diagnostics},
author = {Kozioziemski, B. J. and Ayers, J. and Bell, P. and Bradley, D. K. and Descalle, M. -A. and Hau-Riege, S. and McCarville, T. J. and Pardini, T. and Pickworth, L. A. and Vogel, J. K. and Stone, J. and Robinson, J. and Ampleford, D. J. and Ball, C. R. and Bourdon, C. J. and Fein, J. R. and Wu, M. and Ames, A. and Bruni, R. and Romaine, S.},
abstractNote = {A facility to calibrate x-ray imaging optics was built at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to support high energy density (HED) and inertial confinement fusion (ICF) diagnostics such as those at the National Ignition Facility and the Sandia Z-Machine. Calibration of the spectral reflectivity and resolution of these x-ray diagnostics enable absolute determination of the x-ray flux and wavelengths generated in the HED and ICF experiments. Measurement of the optic point spread function is used to determine spatial resolution of the optic. This facility was constructed to measure (1) the x-ray reflectivity to ±5% over a spectral range from 5 to 60 keV; (2) point spread functions with a resolution of 50 μm (currently) and 13 μm (future) in the image plane; and (3) optic distance relative to the x-ray source and detector to within ±100 μm in each dimension. Here, this article describes the capabilities of the calibration facility, concept of operations, and initial data from selected x-ray optics.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5038742},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 10,
volume = 89,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 5 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Schematic layout of x-ray optic calibration beam path. The x-ray source (a) is on a 3-axis motorized translation stage stack with 50 mm of horizontal and 12 mm vertical travel. The optic test stage stack (b) and the detector stage stack (c) can both travel along the 3more » m long rail (d) that is parallel to the optical axis (e). The entire system is housed inside of a lead-lined steel enclosure, not shown.« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Calibration results for first NIF Kirkpatrick-Baez microscope
conference, September 2015

  • Brejnholt, Nicolai F.; Ayers, Jay J.; McCarville, Thomas J.
  • SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.2187150

Theory and Use of Ross Filters. II
journal, September 1944

  • Kirkpatrick, Paul
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 15, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1770273

Novel Analysis of the Multiwavelength Structure of the Relativistic Jet in Quasar 3C 273
journal, July 2017

  • Marchenko, Volodymyr; Harris, D. E.; Ostrowski, Michał
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 844, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa755d

High resolution imaging systems for inertial confinement fusion experiments
conference, October 2012

  • Dennetiere, D.; Audebert, P.; Bahr, R.
  • SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.929490

The Rainwater Memorial Calibration Facility for X-Ray Optics
journal, January 2011

  • Brejnholt, Nicolai F.; Christensen, Finn E.; Hailey, Charles J.
  • X-Ray Optics and Instrumentation, Vol. 2011
  • DOI: 10.1155/2011/285079

The National Ignition Facility modular Kirkpatrick-Baez microscope
journal, August 2016

  • Pickworth, L. A.; Ayers, J.; Bell, P.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 87, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4960417

THE NUCLEAR SPECTROSCOPIC TELESCOPE ARRAY ( NuSTAR ) HIGH-ENERGY X-RAY MISSION
journal, May 2013

  • Harrison, Fiona A.; Craig, William W.; Christensen, Finn E.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 770, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637x/770/2/103

NuSTAR STUDY OF HARD X-RAY MORPHOLOGY AND SPECTROSCOPY OF PWN G21.5–0.9
journal, June 2014

  • Nynka, Melania; Hailey, Charles J.; Reynolds, Stephen P.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 789, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637x/789/1/72

Comparison of different methods for determining the size of a focal spot of microfocus X-ray tubes
journal, June 2008

  • Salamon, M.; Hanke, R.; Krüger, P.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 591, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2008.03.023

Quantitative measurements with x‐ray microscopes in laser‐fusion experiments
journal, January 1995

  • Marshall, Frederic J.; Su, Qichang
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 66, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1146270

Small-animal radionuclide imaging with focusing gamma-ray optics
conference, January 2004

  • Pivovaroff, Michael J.; Barber, William B.; Christensen, Finn E.
  • Optical Science and Technology, SPIE's 48th Annual Meeting, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.511741

Penumbral imaging of high energy X-rays from laser-produced plasmas
journal, April 1984


Characterization and calibration of a multilayer coated Wolter optic for an imager on the Z-machine at Sandia National Laboratories
journal, October 2018

  • Wu, M.; Kozioziemski, B.; Vogel, J. K.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 89, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5038033

Imaging of high-energy x-ray emission from cryogenic thermonuclear fuel implosions on the NIF
journal, October 2012

  • Ma, T.; Izumi, N.; Tommasini, R.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4733313

On the design of the NIF Continuum Spectrometer
conference, January 2018

  • Thorn, Daniel B.; MacPhee, Andrew; Ayers, Jay J.
  • Target Diagnostics Physics and Engineering for Inertial Confinement Fusion VI
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.2275289

Deconvolution with a spatially-variant PSF
conference, December 2002

  • Lauer, Tod
  • Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.461035

2D X-Ray Radiography of Imploding Capsules at the National Ignition Facility
journal, May 2014


On the Theory and Use of Ross Filters
journal, June 1939

  • Kirkpatrick, Paul
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 10, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1751523

Development of CCD cameras for soft x-ray imaging at the National Ignition Facility
conference, September 2013

  • Teruya, A. T.; Palmer, N. E.; Schneider, M. B.
  • SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.2025051

Determination of the Optical Transfer Function Directly from the Edge Spread Function*
journal, January 1965


A Wolter imager on the Z machine to diagnose warm x-ray sources
journal, October 2018

  • Fein, J. R.; Ampleford, D. J.; Vogel, J. K.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 89, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5038347

Silicon drift detectors for high count rate X-ray spectroscopy at room temperature
journal, February 2001

  • Lechner, P.; Fiorini, C.; Hartmann, R.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 458, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/s0168-9002(00)00872-x

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    A Wolter imager on the Z machine to diagnose warm x-ray sources
    journal, October 2018

    • Fein, J. R.; Ampleford, D. J.; Vogel, J. K.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 89, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5038347

    Characterization and calibration of a multilayer coated Wolter optic for an imager on the Z-machine at Sandia National Laboratories
    journal, October 2018

    • Wu, M.; Kozioziemski, B.; Vogel, J. K.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 89, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5038033

    The Crystal Backlighter Imager: A spherically bent crystal imager for radiography on the National Ignition Facility
    journal, January 2019

    • Hall, G. N.; Krauland, C. M.; Schollmeier, M. S.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 90, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5058700

    Design and raytrace simulations of a multilayer-coated Wolter x-ray optic for the Z machine at Sandia National Laboratories
    journal, October 2018

    • Vogel, J. K.; Pivovaroff, M. J.; Kozioziemski, B.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 89, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5038811

    Design and Analysis of Hard X-Ray Microscope Employing Toroidal Mirrors Working at Grazing-Incidence
    journal, August 2019

    • Cui, Ying; Yan, Yadong; Wu, Bingjing
    • International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 34, Issue 04
    • DOI: 10.1142/s0218001420550101

      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.