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Title: Design and Beam Test Results for the sPHENIX Electromagnetic and Hadronic Calorimeter Prototypes

Abstract

We present the super Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction eXperiment (sPHENIX) at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider will perform high-precision measurements of jets and heavy flavor observables for a wide selection of nuclear collision systems, elucidating the microscopic nature of strongly interacting matter ranging from nucleons to the strongly coupled quark–gluon plasma. A prototype of the sPHENIX calorimeter system was tested at the Fermilab Test Beam Facility as experiment T-1044 in the spring of 2016. The electromagnetic calorimeter (EMCal) prototype is composed of scintillating fibers embedded in a mixture of tungsten powder and epoxy. The hadronic calorimeter (HCal) prototype is composed of tilted steel plates alternating with the plastic scintillator. Results of the test beam reveal the energy resolution for electrons in the EMCal is $$2.8\%\oplus 15.5\%/\sqrt {E}$$ and the energy resolution for hadrons in the combined EMCal plus HCal system is $$13.5\%\oplus 64.9\%/\sqrt {E}$$ . Finally, these results demonstrate that the performance of the proposed calorimeter system satisfies the sPHENIX specifications.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26); USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
sPHENIX Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1488526
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1354867
Report Number(s):
BNL-209791-2018-JAAM; arXiv:1704.01461; FERMILAB-PUB-17-091-PPD
Journal ID: ISSN 0018-9499
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 65; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 0018-9499
Publisher:
IEEE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; Calorimeters; electromagnetic calorimetry; hadronic calorimetry; performance evaluation; prototypes; Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC); silicon photomultiplier (SiPM); simulation; “Spaghetti” Calorimeter (SPACAL); super Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction eXperiment (sPHENIX); 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Aidala, C. A., Bailey, V., Beckman, S., Belmont, R., Biggs, C., Blackburn, J., Boose, S., Chiu, M., Connors, M., Franz, A., Haggerty, J. S., He, X., Higdon, M. M., Huang, J., Kauder, K., Kistenev, E., La Bounty, J., Lajoie, J. G., Lenz, M., Lenza, W., Li, S., Loggins, V. R., Mannel, E. J., Majoros, T., McCumber, M. P., Nagle, J. L., Phipps, M., Pinkenburg, C., Polizzo, S., Pontieri, C., Purschke, M. L., Putschke, J., Sarsour, M., Rinn, T., Ruggiero, R., Sen, A., Sickles, A. M., Skoby, M. J., Smiga, J., Sobel, P., Stankus, P., Stoll, S., Sukhanov, A., Thorsland, E., Toldo, F., Towell, R. S., Ujvari, B., Vazquez-Carson, S., and Woody, C. L. Design and Beam Test Results for the sPHENIX Electromagnetic and Hadronic Calorimeter Prototypes. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1109/TNS.2018.2879047.
Aidala, C. A., Bailey, V., Beckman, S., Belmont, R., Biggs, C., Blackburn, J., Boose, S., Chiu, M., Connors, M., Franz, A., Haggerty, J. S., He, X., Higdon, M. M., Huang, J., Kauder, K., Kistenev, E., La Bounty, J., Lajoie, J. G., Lenz, M., Lenza, W., Li, S., Loggins, V. R., Mannel, E. J., Majoros, T., McCumber, M. P., Nagle, J. L., Phipps, M., Pinkenburg, C., Polizzo, S., Pontieri, C., Purschke, M. L., Putschke, J., Sarsour, M., Rinn, T., Ruggiero, R., Sen, A., Sickles, A. M., Skoby, M. J., Smiga, J., Sobel, P., Stankus, P., Stoll, S., Sukhanov, A., Thorsland, E., Toldo, F., Towell, R. S., Ujvari, B., Vazquez-Carson, S., & Woody, C. L. Design and Beam Test Results for the sPHENIX Electromagnetic and Hadronic Calorimeter Prototypes. United States. doi:10.1109/TNS.2018.2879047.
Aidala, C. A., Bailey, V., Beckman, S., Belmont, R., Biggs, C., Blackburn, J., Boose, S., Chiu, M., Connors, M., Franz, A., Haggerty, J. S., He, X., Higdon, M. M., Huang, J., Kauder, K., Kistenev, E., La Bounty, J., Lajoie, J. G., Lenz, M., Lenza, W., Li, S., Loggins, V. R., Mannel, E. J., Majoros, T., McCumber, M. P., Nagle, J. L., Phipps, M., Pinkenburg, C., Polizzo, S., Pontieri, C., Purschke, M. L., Putschke, J., Sarsour, M., Rinn, T., Ruggiero, R., Sen, A., Sickles, A. M., Skoby, M. J., Smiga, J., Sobel, P., Stankus, P., Stoll, S., Sukhanov, A., Thorsland, E., Toldo, F., Towell, R. S., Ujvari, B., Vazquez-Carson, S., and Woody, C. L. Thu . "Design and Beam Test Results for the sPHENIX Electromagnetic and Hadronic Calorimeter Prototypes". United States. doi:10.1109/TNS.2018.2879047. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1488526.
@article{osti_1488526,
title = {Design and Beam Test Results for the sPHENIX Electromagnetic and Hadronic Calorimeter Prototypes},
author = {Aidala, C. A. and Bailey, V. and Beckman, S. and Belmont, R. and Biggs, C. and Blackburn, J. and Boose, S. and Chiu, M. and Connors, M. and Franz, A. and Haggerty, J. S. and He, X. and Higdon, M. M. and Huang, J. and Kauder, K. and Kistenev, E. and La Bounty, J. and Lajoie, J. G. and Lenz, M. and Lenza, W. and Li, S. and Loggins, V. R. and Mannel, E. J. and Majoros, T. and McCumber, M. P. and Nagle, J. L. and Phipps, M. and Pinkenburg, C. and Polizzo, S. and Pontieri, C. and Purschke, M. L. and Putschke, J. and Sarsour, M. and Rinn, T. and Ruggiero, R. and Sen, A. and Sickles, A. M. and Skoby, M. J. and Smiga, J. and Sobel, P. and Stankus, P. and Stoll, S. and Sukhanov, A. and Thorsland, E. and Toldo, F. and Towell, R. S. and Ujvari, B. and Vazquez-Carson, S. and Woody, C. L.},
abstractNote = {We present the super Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction eXperiment (sPHENIX) at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider will perform high-precision measurements of jets and heavy flavor observables for a wide selection of nuclear collision systems, elucidating the microscopic nature of strongly interacting matter ranging from nucleons to the strongly coupled quark–gluon plasma. A prototype of the sPHENIX calorimeter system was tested at the Fermilab Test Beam Facility as experiment T-1044 in the spring of 2016. The electromagnetic calorimeter (EMCal) prototype is composed of scintillating fibers embedded in a mixture of tungsten powder and epoxy. The hadronic calorimeter (HCal) prototype is composed of tilted steel plates alternating with the plastic scintillator. Results of the test beam reveal the energy resolution for electrons in the EMCal is $2.8\%\oplus 15.5\%/\sqrt {E}$ and the energy resolution for hadrons in the combined EMCal plus HCal system is $13.5\%\oplus 64.9\%/\sqrt {E}$ . Finally, these results demonstrate that the performance of the proposed calorimeter system satisfies the sPHENIX specifications.},
doi = {10.1109/TNS.2018.2879047},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science},
number = 12,
volume = 65,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {11}
}

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