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Title: Progress on the Critical Parameters for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries to be Practically Viable

Abstract

Lithium–sulfur batteries have great potential to satisfy the increasing demand of energy storage systems for portable devices, electric vehicles, and grid storage because of their extremely high specific capacity, cost–effectiveness, and environmental friendliness. In spite of all these merits, the practical utilization of lithium–sulfur batteries is impeded by commonly known challenges, such as low sulfur utilization (<80%), short life (<200 cycles), fast capacity fade, and severe self–discharge effect, which mainly result from the i) low conductivity of the active material, ii) serious polysulfide shuttling, iii) large volume changes, and iv) lithium–metal anode contamination/corrosion. Numerous approaches are reported to effectively mitigate these issues. Indeed, such approaches have shown enhanced lithium–sulfur battery performances. However, many reports overlook the critical parameters, including sulfur loading (<13 mg cm –2), sulfur content (<70 wt%), and electrolyte/sulfur ratio (>11 µL mg –1), that significantly affect the analyzed electrochemical characteristics, energy density, and practicality of lithium–sulfur batteries. As a result, this review highlights the trends and progress in making cells fulfilling these fabrication parameters and discuss the challenges of the amount of sulfur and electrolyte in fabricating cells with practically necessary parameters and with high electrochemical utilization and efficiency.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1488314
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1439359; OSTI ID: 1488311; OSTI ID: 1488312; OSTI ID: 1488313
Grant/Contract Number:  
EE0007218
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Functional Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 28; Journal Issue: 28; Journal ID: ISSN 1616-301X
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; battery testing setting; cyclability; high loading; lithium–sulfur batteries; low electrolyte; sufficient sulfur content

Citation Formats

Chung, Sheng -Heng, Chang, Chi -Hao, and Manthiram, Arumugam. Progress on the Critical Parameters for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries to be Practically Viable. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/adfm.201801188.
Chung, Sheng -Heng, Chang, Chi -Hao, & Manthiram, Arumugam. Progress on the Critical Parameters for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries to be Practically Viable. United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.201801188.
Chung, Sheng -Heng, Chang, Chi -Hao, and Manthiram, Arumugam. Tue . "Progress on the Critical Parameters for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries to be Practically Viable". United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.201801188. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1488314.
@article{osti_1488314,
title = {Progress on the Critical Parameters for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries to be Practically Viable},
author = {Chung, Sheng -Heng and Chang, Chi -Hao and Manthiram, Arumugam},
abstractNote = {Lithium–sulfur batteries have great potential to satisfy the increasing demand of energy storage systems for portable devices, electric vehicles, and grid storage because of their extremely high specific capacity, cost–effectiveness, and environmental friendliness. In spite of all these merits, the practical utilization of lithium–sulfur batteries is impeded by commonly known challenges, such as low sulfur utilization (<80%), short life (<200 cycles), fast capacity fade, and severe self–discharge effect, which mainly result from the i) low conductivity of the active material, ii) serious polysulfide shuttling, iii) large volume changes, and iv) lithium–metal anode contamination/corrosion. Numerous approaches are reported to effectively mitigate these issues. Indeed, such approaches have shown enhanced lithium–sulfur battery performances. However, many reports overlook the critical parameters, including sulfur loading (<13 mg cm–2), sulfur content (<70 wt%), and electrolyte/sulfur ratio (>11 µL mg–1), that significantly affect the analyzed electrochemical characteristics, energy density, and practicality of lithium–sulfur batteries. As a result, this review highlights the trends and progress in making cells fulfilling these fabrication parameters and discuss the challenges of the amount of sulfur and electrolyte in fabricating cells with practically necessary parameters and with high electrochemical utilization and efficiency.},
doi = {10.1002/adfm.201801188},
journal = {Advanced Functional Materials},
number = 28,
volume = 28,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

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