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Title: Cosmological Constraints from Multiple Probes in the Dark Energy Survey

Abstract

The combination of multiple observational probes has long been advocated as a powerful technique to constrain cosmological parameters, in particular dark energy. The Dark Energy Survey has measured 207 spectroscopically confirmed type Ia supernova light curves, the baryon acoustic oscillation feature, weak gravitational lensing, and galaxy clustering. Here we present combined results from these probes, deriving constraints on the equation of state, w, of dark energy and its energy density in the Universe. Independently of other experiments, such as those that measure the cosmic microwave background, the probes from this single photometric survey rule out a Universe with no dark energy, finding w = -0.80 +0.09 -0.11. The geometry is shown to be consistent with a spatially flat Universe, and we obtain a constraint on the baryon density of Ω b = 0.069 +0.009 -0.012 that is independent of early Universe measurements. Furthermore these results demonstrate the potential power of large multiprobe photometric surveys and pave the way for order of magnitude advances in our constraints on properties of dark energy and cosmology over the next decade.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
DES Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1487399
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1510140
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1811.02375; FERMILAB-PUB-18-585-AE
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO; 1702363
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 122; Journal Issue: 17; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Abbott, T. M. C., Alarcon, A., Allam, S., Andersen, P., Andrade-Oliveira, F., Annis, J., Asorey, J., Avila, S., Bacon, D., Banik, N., Bassett, B. A., Baxter, E., Bechtol, K., Becker, M. R., Bernstein, G. M., Bertin, E., Blazek, J., Bridle, S. L., Brooks, D., Brout, D., Burke, D. L., Calcino, J., Camacho, H., Campos, A., Carnero Rosell, A., Carollo, D., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Cawthon, R., Challis, P., Chan, K. C., Chang, C., Childress, M., Crocce, M., Cunha, C. E., D’Andrea, C. B., da Costa, L. N., Davis, C., Davis, T. M., De Vicente, J., DePoy, D. L., DeRose, J., Desai, S., Diehl, H. T., Dietrich, J. P., Dodelson, S., Doel, P., Drlica-Wagner, A., Eifler, T. F., Elvin-Poole, J., Estrada, J., Evrard, A. E., Fernandez, E., Flaugher, B., Foley, R. J., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., Galbany, L., García-Bellido, J., Gatti, M., Gaztanaga, E., Gerdes, D. W., Giannantonio, T., Glazebrook, K., Goldstein, D. A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Hartley, W. G., Hinton, S. R., Hollowood, D. L., Honscheid, K., Hoormann, J. K., Hoyle, B., Huterer, D., Jain, B., James, D. J., Jarvis, M., Jeltema, T., Kasai, E., Kent, S., Kessler, R., Kim, A. G., Kokron, N., Krause, E., Kron, R., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Lasker, J., Lemos, P., Lewis, G. F., Li, T. S., Lidman, C., Lima, M., Lin, H., Macaulay, E., MacCrann, N., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marriner, J., Marshall, J. L., Martini, P., McMahon, R. G., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Mohr, J. J., Morganson, E., Muir, J., Möller, A., Neilsen, E., Nichol, R. C., Nord, B., Ogando, R. L. C., Palmese, A., Pan, Y. -C., Peiris, H. V., Percival, W. J., Plazas, A. A., Porredon, A., Prat, J., Romer, A. K., Roodman, A., Rosenfeld, R., Ross, A. J., Rykoff, E. S., Samuroff, S., Sánchez, C., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Scolnic, D., Secco, L. F., Serrano, S., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Sharp, R., Sheldon, E., Smith, M., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Sommer, N. E., Swann, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., Thomas, R. C., Troxel, M. A., Tucker, B. E., Uddin, S. A., Vielzeuf, P., Walker, A. R., Wang, M., Weaverdyck, N., Wechsler, R. H., Weller, J., Yanny, B., Zhang, B., Zhang, Y., and Zuntz, J. Cosmological Constraints from Multiple Probes in the Dark Energy Survey. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.171301.
Abbott, T. M. C., Alarcon, A., Allam, S., Andersen, P., Andrade-Oliveira, F., Annis, J., Asorey, J., Avila, S., Bacon, D., Banik, N., Bassett, B. A., Baxter, E., Bechtol, K., Becker, M. R., Bernstein, G. M., Bertin, E., Blazek, J., Bridle, S. L., Brooks, D., Brout, D., Burke, D. L., Calcino, J., Camacho, H., Campos, A., Carnero Rosell, A., Carollo, D., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Cawthon, R., Challis, P., Chan, K. C., Chang, C., Childress, M., Crocce, M., Cunha, C. E., D’Andrea, C. B., da Costa, L. N., Davis, C., Davis, T. M., De Vicente, J., DePoy, D. L., DeRose, J., Desai, S., Diehl, H. T., Dietrich, J. P., Dodelson, S., Doel, P., Drlica-Wagner, A., Eifler, T. F., Elvin-Poole, J., Estrada, J., Evrard, A. E., Fernandez, E., Flaugher, B., Foley, R. J., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., Galbany, L., García-Bellido, J., Gatti, M., Gaztanaga, E., Gerdes, D. W., Giannantonio, T., Glazebrook, K., Goldstein, D. A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Hartley, W. G., Hinton, S. R., Hollowood, D. L., Honscheid, K., Hoormann, J. K., Hoyle, B., Huterer, D., Jain, B., James, D. J., Jarvis, M., Jeltema, T., Kasai, E., Kent, S., Kessler, R., Kim, A. G., Kokron, N., Krause, E., Kron, R., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Lasker, J., Lemos, P., Lewis, G. F., Li, T. S., Lidman, C., Lima, M., Lin, H., Macaulay, E., MacCrann, N., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marriner, J., Marshall, J. L., Martini, P., McMahon, R. G., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Mohr, J. J., Morganson, E., Muir, J., Möller, A., Neilsen, E., Nichol, R. C., Nord, B., Ogando, R. L. C., Palmese, A., Pan, Y. -C., Peiris, H. V., Percival, W. J., Plazas, A. A., Porredon, A., Prat, J., Romer, A. K., Roodman, A., Rosenfeld, R., Ross, A. J., Rykoff, E. S., Samuroff, S., Sánchez, C., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Scolnic, D., Secco, L. F., Serrano, S., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Sharp, R., Sheldon, E., Smith, M., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Sommer, N. E., Swann, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., Thomas, R. C., Troxel, M. A., Tucker, B. E., Uddin, S. A., Vielzeuf, P., Walker, A. R., Wang, M., Weaverdyck, N., Wechsler, R. H., Weller, J., Yanny, B., Zhang, B., Zhang, Y., & Zuntz, J. Cosmological Constraints from Multiple Probes in the Dark Energy Survey. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.171301.
Abbott, T. M. C., Alarcon, A., Allam, S., Andersen, P., Andrade-Oliveira, F., Annis, J., Asorey, J., Avila, S., Bacon, D., Banik, N., Bassett, B. A., Baxter, E., Bechtol, K., Becker, M. R., Bernstein, G. M., Bertin, E., Blazek, J., Bridle, S. L., Brooks, D., Brout, D., Burke, D. L., Calcino, J., Camacho, H., Campos, A., Carnero Rosell, A., Carollo, D., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Cawthon, R., Challis, P., Chan, K. C., Chang, C., Childress, M., Crocce, M., Cunha, C. E., D’Andrea, C. B., da Costa, L. N., Davis, C., Davis, T. M., De Vicente, J., DePoy, D. L., DeRose, J., Desai, S., Diehl, H. T., Dietrich, J. P., Dodelson, S., Doel, P., Drlica-Wagner, A., Eifler, T. F., Elvin-Poole, J., Estrada, J., Evrard, A. E., Fernandez, E., Flaugher, B., Foley, R. J., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., Galbany, L., García-Bellido, J., Gatti, M., Gaztanaga, E., Gerdes, D. W., Giannantonio, T., Glazebrook, K., Goldstein, D. A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Hartley, W. G., Hinton, S. R., Hollowood, D. L., Honscheid, K., Hoormann, J. K., Hoyle, B., Huterer, D., Jain, B., James, D. J., Jarvis, M., Jeltema, T., Kasai, E., Kent, S., Kessler, R., Kim, A. G., Kokron, N., Krause, E., Kron, R., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Lasker, J., Lemos, P., Lewis, G. F., Li, T. S., Lidman, C., Lima, M., Lin, H., Macaulay, E., MacCrann, N., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marriner, J., Marshall, J. L., Martini, P., McMahon, R. G., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Mohr, J. J., Morganson, E., Muir, J., Möller, A., Neilsen, E., Nichol, R. C., Nord, B., Ogando, R. L. C., Palmese, A., Pan, Y. -C., Peiris, H. V., Percival, W. J., Plazas, A. A., Porredon, A., Prat, J., Romer, A. K., Roodman, A., Rosenfeld, R., Ross, A. J., Rykoff, E. S., Samuroff, S., Sánchez, C., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Scolnic, D., Secco, L. F., Serrano, S., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Sharp, R., Sheldon, E., Smith, M., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Sommer, N. E., Swann, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., Thomas, R. C., Troxel, M. A., Tucker, B. E., Uddin, S. A., Vielzeuf, P., Walker, A. R., Wang, M., Weaverdyck, N., Wechsler, R. H., Weller, J., Yanny, B., Zhang, B., Zhang, Y., and Zuntz, J. Wed . "Cosmological Constraints from Multiple Probes in the Dark Energy Survey". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.171301.
@article{osti_1487399,
title = {Cosmological Constraints from Multiple Probes in the Dark Energy Survey},
author = {Abbott, T. M. C. and Alarcon, A. and Allam, S. and Andersen, P. and Andrade-Oliveira, F. and Annis, J. and Asorey, J. and Avila, S. and Bacon, D. and Banik, N. and Bassett, B. A. and Baxter, E. and Bechtol, K. and Becker, M. R. and Bernstein, G. M. and Bertin, E. and Blazek, J. and Bridle, S. L. and Brooks, D. and Brout, D. and Burke, D. L. and Calcino, J. and Camacho, H. and Campos, A. and Carnero Rosell, A. and Carollo, D. and Carrasco Kind, M. and Carretero, J. and Castander, F. J. and Cawthon, R. and Challis, P. and Chan, K. C. and Chang, C. and Childress, M. and Crocce, M. and Cunha, C. E. and D’Andrea, C. B. and da Costa, L. N. and Davis, C. and Davis, T. M. and De Vicente, J. and DePoy, D. L. and DeRose, J. and Desai, S. and Diehl, H. T. and Dietrich, J. P. and Dodelson, S. and Doel, P. and Drlica-Wagner, A. and Eifler, T. F. and Elvin-Poole, J. and Estrada, J. and Evrard, A. E. and Fernandez, E. and Flaugher, B. and Foley, R. J. and Fosalba, P. and Frieman, J. and Galbany, L. and García-Bellido, J. and Gatti, M. and Gaztanaga, E. and Gerdes, D. W. and Giannantonio, T. and Glazebrook, K. and Goldstein, D. A. and Gruen, D. and Gruendl, R. A. and Gschwend, J. and Gutierrez, G. and Hartley, W. G. and Hinton, S. R. and Hollowood, D. L. and Honscheid, K. and Hoormann, J. K. and Hoyle, B. and Huterer, D. and Jain, B. and James, D. J. and Jarvis, M. and Jeltema, T. and Kasai, E. and Kent, S. and Kessler, R. and Kim, A. G. and Kokron, N. and Krause, E. and Kron, R. and Kuehn, K. and Kuropatkin, N. and Lahav, O. and Lasker, J. and Lemos, P. and Lewis, G. F. and Li, T. S. and Lidman, C. and Lima, M. and Lin, H. and Macaulay, E. and MacCrann, N. and Maia, M. A. G. and March, M. and Marriner, J. and Marshall, J. L. and Martini, P. and McMahon, R. G. and Melchior, P. and Menanteau, F. and Miquel, R. and Mohr, J. J. and Morganson, E. and Muir, J. and Möller, A. and Neilsen, E. and Nichol, R. C. and Nord, B. and Ogando, R. L. C. and Palmese, A. and Pan, Y. -C. and Peiris, H. V. and Percival, W. J. and Plazas, A. A. and Porredon, A. and Prat, J. and Romer, A. K. and Roodman, A. and Rosenfeld, R. and Ross, A. J. and Rykoff, E. S. and Samuroff, S. and Sánchez, C. and Sanchez, E. and Scarpine, V. and Schindler, R. and Schubnell, M. and Scolnic, D. and Secco, L. F. and Serrano, S. and Sevilla-Noarbe, I. and Sharp, R. and Sheldon, E. and Smith, M. and Soares-Santos, M. and Sobreira, F. and Sommer, N. E. and Swann, E. and Swanson, M. E. C. and Tarle, G. and Thomas, D. and Thomas, R. C. and Troxel, M. A. and Tucker, B. E. and Uddin, S. A. and Vielzeuf, P. and Walker, A. R. and Wang, M. and Weaverdyck, N. and Wechsler, R. H. and Weller, J. and Yanny, B. and Zhang, B. and Zhang, Y. and Zuntz, J.},
abstractNote = {The combination of multiple observational probes has long been advocated as a powerful technique to constrain cosmological parameters, in particular dark energy. The Dark Energy Survey has measured 207 spectroscopically confirmed type Ia supernova light curves, the baryon acoustic oscillation feature, weak gravitational lensing, and galaxy clustering. Here we present combined results from these probes, deriving constraints on the equation of state, w, of dark energy and its energy density in the Universe. Independently of other experiments, such as those that measure the cosmic microwave background, the probes from this single photometric survey rule out a Universe with no dark energy, finding w = -0.80+0.09-0.11. The geometry is shown to be consistent with a spatially flat Universe, and we obtain a constraint on the baryon density of Ωb = 0.069+0.009-0.012 that is independent of early Universe measurements. Furthermore these results demonstrate the potential power of large multiprobe photometric surveys and pave the way for order of magnitude advances in our constraints on properties of dark energy and cosmology over the next decade.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.171301},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 17,
volume = 122,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

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