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Title: Fabry-Perot cavity resonance enabling highly polarization-sensitive double-layer gold grating

Abstract

We present experimental and theoretical investigations on the polarization properties of a single- and a double-layer gold (Au) grating, serving as a wire grid polarizer. Two layers of Au gratings form a cavity that effectively modulates the transmission and reflection of linearly polarized light. Theoretical calculations based on a transfer matrix method reveals that the double-layer Au grating structure creates an optical cavity exhibiting Fabry-Perot (FP) resonance modes. As compared to a single-layer grating, the FP cavity resonance modes of the double-layer grating significantly enhance the transmission of the transverse magnetic (TM) mode, while suppressing the transmission of the transverse electric (TE) mode. As a result, the extinction ratio of TM to TE transmission for the double-layer grating structure is improved by a factor of approximately 8 in the mid-wave infrared region of 3.4–6 μm. Furthermore, excellent infrared imagery is obtained with over a 600% increase in the ratio of the TM-output voltage (V θ = ) to TE-output voltage (V θ = 90°). Furthermore, this double-layer Au grating structure has great potential for use in polarimetric imaging applications due to its superior ability to resolve linear polarization signatures.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [3]; ORCiD logo [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [7];  [8]; ORCiD logo [4];  [8];  [3]
  1. Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon (Korea); Hanyang Univ., Seoul (Korea)
  2. Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon (Korea); Indiana Univ.-Purdue Univ. Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN (United States)
  3. Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon (Korea)
  4. Univ. of South Florida, Tampa, FL (United States)
  5. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  6. Indiana Univ.-Purdue Univ. Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN (United States); North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)
  7. Hanyang Univ., Seoul (Korea)
  8. Air Force Research Lab., WPAFB, OH (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF); Alfred P. Sloan Foundation; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL)
OSTI Identifier:
1487138
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Hwang, Jehwan, Oh, Boram, Kim, Yeongho, Silva, Sinhara, Kim, Jun Oh, Czaplewski, David A., Ryu, Jong Eun, Kim, Eun Kyu, Urbas, Augustine, Zhou, Jiangfeng, Ku, Zahyun, and Lee, Sang Jun. Fabry-Perot cavity resonance enabling highly polarization-sensitive double-layer gold grating. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-32158-y.
Hwang, Jehwan, Oh, Boram, Kim, Yeongho, Silva, Sinhara, Kim, Jun Oh, Czaplewski, David A., Ryu, Jong Eun, Kim, Eun Kyu, Urbas, Augustine, Zhou, Jiangfeng, Ku, Zahyun, & Lee, Sang Jun. Fabry-Perot cavity resonance enabling highly polarization-sensitive double-layer gold grating. United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-32158-y.
Hwang, Jehwan, Oh, Boram, Kim, Yeongho, Silva, Sinhara, Kim, Jun Oh, Czaplewski, David A., Ryu, Jong Eun, Kim, Eun Kyu, Urbas, Augustine, Zhou, Jiangfeng, Ku, Zahyun, and Lee, Sang Jun. Wed . "Fabry-Perot cavity resonance enabling highly polarization-sensitive double-layer gold grating". United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-32158-y. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1487138.
@article{osti_1487138,
title = {Fabry-Perot cavity resonance enabling highly polarization-sensitive double-layer gold grating},
author = {Hwang, Jehwan and Oh, Boram and Kim, Yeongho and Silva, Sinhara and Kim, Jun Oh and Czaplewski, David A. and Ryu, Jong Eun and Kim, Eun Kyu and Urbas, Augustine and Zhou, Jiangfeng and Ku, Zahyun and Lee, Sang Jun},
abstractNote = {We present experimental and theoretical investigations on the polarization properties of a single- and a double-layer gold (Au) grating, serving as a wire grid polarizer. Two layers of Au gratings form a cavity that effectively modulates the transmission and reflection of linearly polarized light. Theoretical calculations based on a transfer matrix method reveals that the double-layer Au grating structure creates an optical cavity exhibiting Fabry-Perot (FP) resonance modes. As compared to a single-layer grating, the FP cavity resonance modes of the double-layer grating significantly enhance the transmission of the transverse magnetic (TM) mode, while suppressing the transmission of the transverse electric (TE) mode. As a result, the extinction ratio of TM to TE transmission for the double-layer grating structure is improved by a factor of approximately 8 in the mid-wave infrared region of 3.4–6 μm. Furthermore, excellent infrared imagery is obtained with over a 600% increase in the ratio of the TM-output voltage (Vθ = 0°) to TE-output voltage (Vθ = 90°). Furthermore, this double-layer Au grating structure has great potential for use in polarimetric imaging applications due to its superior ability to resolve linear polarization signatures.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-018-32158-y},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: (a) Schematic illustration of the double-layer Au grating composed of the dielectric spacer situated between identical Au gratings. Here, p is the Au grating periodicity (1 μm), w is the Au grating width (0.7 μm), tAu is the metal thickness (0.1 μm), and tBCB is the BCB thicknessmore » (0.25 μm) between the gratings. (b) Tilted-view and (c) cross-sectional-view scanning electron microscope (SEM) images of the double-layer Au grating.« less

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