skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: A radioxenon detection system using CdZnTe, an array of SiPMs, and a plastic scintillator

Abstract

This paper presents the design and characterization of a prototype compact beta–gamma radioxenon detection system that utilizes a coplanar CdZnTe crystal, an array of SiPMs, and a plastic scintillator. The detector is directly mounted on a custom PCB. The system provides the advantage of room-temperature operation, while being compact, low noise, and with simple readout electronics. Preliminary measurements using 137Cs, 135Xe, and 133/133mXe were conducted to optimize various system parameters to achieve optimal resolution of key photopeaks. The purpose of this research was to explore the potential of these radiation detection elements for use in beta–gamma coincidence applications.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States). School of Nuclear Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1487102
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002534
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 313; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0236-5731
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY; Radioxenon; Beta–gamma coincidence; Coplanar CZT; SiPMs; Nuclear explosion monitoring

Citation Formats

Czyz, Steven A., and Farsoni, Abi T. A radioxenon detection system using CdZnTe, an array of SiPMs, and a plastic scintillator. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1007/s10967-017-5287-x.
Czyz, Steven A., & Farsoni, Abi T. A radioxenon detection system using CdZnTe, an array of SiPMs, and a plastic scintillator. United States. doi:10.1007/s10967-017-5287-x.
Czyz, Steven A., and Farsoni, Abi T. Tue . "A radioxenon detection system using CdZnTe, an array of SiPMs, and a plastic scintillator". United States. doi:10.1007/s10967-017-5287-x. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1487102.
@article{osti_1487102,
title = {A radioxenon detection system using CdZnTe, an array of SiPMs, and a plastic scintillator},
author = {Czyz, Steven A. and Farsoni, Abi T.},
abstractNote = {This paper presents the design and characterization of a prototype compact beta–gamma radioxenon detection system that utilizes a coplanar CdZnTe crystal, an array of SiPMs, and a plastic scintillator. The detector is directly mounted on a custom PCB. The system provides the advantage of room-temperature operation, while being compact, low noise, and with simple readout electronics. Preliminary measurements using 137Cs, 135Xe, and 133/133mXe were conducted to optimize various system parameters to achieve optimal resolution of key photopeaks. The purpose of this research was to explore the potential of these radiation detection elements for use in beta–gamma coincidence applications.},
doi = {10.1007/s10967-017-5287-x},
journal = {Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry},
number = 1,
volume = 313,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Table 1 Table 1: Decay properties of radioxenon isotopes of interest; coincident decays of 88 interest are marked with superscript a

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Atmospheric xenon radioactive isotope monitoring
journal, January 2004

  • Fontaine, J.-P.; Pointurier, F.; Blanchard, X.
  • Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Vol. 72, Issue 1-2, p. 129-135
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0265-931X(03)00194-2

Single‐polarity charge sensing in ionization detectors using coplanar electrodes
journal, November 1994


Investigations of surface coatings to reduce memory effect in plastic scintillator detectors used for radioxenon detection
journal, November 2011

  • Bläckberg, L.; Fay, A.; Jõgi, I.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 656, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2011.07.038

Ten Years of Development of Equipment for Measurement of Atmospheric Radioactive Xenon for the Verification of the CTBT
journal, January 2010

  • Auer, Matthias; Kumberg, Timo; Sartorius, Hartmut
  • Pure and Applied Geophysics, Vol. 167, Issue 4-5
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00024-009-0027-y

Real-time pulse-shape discrimination and beta–gamma coincidence detection in field-programmable gate array
journal, June 2013

  • Farsoni, A. T.; Alemayehu, B.; Alhawsawi, A.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 712
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2013.02.003

Calibration of low-level beta-gamma coincidence detector systems for xenon isotope detection
journal, March 2016


The ARIX-03F mobile semiautomatic facility for measuring low concentrations of radioactive xenon isotopes in air and subsoil gas
journal, May 2007

  • Prelovskii, V. V.; Kazarinov, N. M.; Donets, A. Yu.
  • Instruments and Experimental Techniques, Vol. 50, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1134/S0020441207030165

Review of the Shockley–Ramo theorem and its application in semiconductor gamma-ray detectors
journal, May 2001

  • He, Zhong
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 463, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(01)00223-6

A well-type phoswich detector for nuclear explosion monitoring
journal, May 2014

  • Alemayehu, B.; Farsoni, A. T.; Ranjbar, L.
  • Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 301, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10967-014-3182-2

Measurements of ambient radioxenon levels using the automated radioxenon sampler/analyzer (ARSA)
journal, January 2001

  • McIntyre, J. I.; Abel, K. H.; Bowyer, T. W.
  • Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 248, Issue 3, p. 629-635
  • DOI: 10.1023/A:1010672107749

Gain calibration of a β/γ coincidence spectrometer for automated radioxenon analysis
journal, April 2004

  • Reeder, P. L.; Bowyer, T. W.; McIntyre, J. I.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 521, Issue 2-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2003.11.195

Recent progress in CdTe and CdZnTe detectors
journal, January 2001

  • Takahashi, T.; Watanabe, S.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 48, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1109/23.958705

Global radioxenon emission inventory based on nuclear power reactor reports
journal, January 2009


Redesigned β–γ radioxenon detector
journal, August 2007

  • Cooper, Matthew W.; McIntyre, Justin I.; Bowyer, Ted W.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 579, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2007.04.092

A CZT-based radioxenon detection system in support of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty
journal, May 2016

  • Ranjbar, Lily; Farsoni, Abi T.; Becker, Eric M.
  • Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 310, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10967-016-4872-8

135Xe measurements with a two-element CZT-based radioxenon detector for nuclear explosion monitoring
journal, April 2017


Development of a Phoswich Detector for Radioxenon Field Measurements
journal, October 2014

  • Hennig, W.; Asztalos, S. J.; Warburton, W. K.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 61, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2014.2343158

    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.