skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

Title: Interfacially Induced Cascading Failure in Graphite-Silicon Composite Anodes

Silicon (Si) has been well recognized as a promising candidate to replace graphite because of its earth abundance and high-capacity storage, but its large volume changes upon lithiation/delithiation and the consequential material fracturing, loss of electrical contact, and over-consumption of the electrolyte prevent its full application. As a countermeasure for rapid capacity decay, a composite electrode of graphite and Si has been adopted by accommodating Si nanoparticles in a graphite matrix. Such an approach, which involves two materials that interact electrochemically with lithium in the electrode, necessitates an analytical methodology to determine the individual electrochemical behavior of each active material. In this work, a methodology comprising differential plots and integral calculus is established to analyze the complicated interplay among the two active batteries and investigate the failure mechanism underlying capacity fade in the blend electrode. To address performance deficiencies identified by this methodology, an aluminum alkoxide (alucone) surface-modification strategy is demonstrated to stabilize the structure and electrochemical performance of the Silicon (Si) has been well recognized as a promising candidate to replace graphite because of its earth abundance and high-capacity storage, but its large volume changes upon lithiation/delithiation and the consequential material fracturing, loss of electrical contact, and over-consumption ofmore » the electrolyte prevent its full application. As a countermeasure for rapid capacity decay, a composite« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [2] ;  [6] ;  [4] ; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  3. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan (Korea)
  4. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Adelphi, MD (United States)
  5. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
  6. ALD NanoSolutions, Broomfield, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-71599
Journal ID: ISSN 2198-3844
Grant/Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308; AC36‐08GO28308
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Advanced Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2198-3844
Publisher:
Wiley
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; energy storage; lithium-ion batteries; molecular layer deposition; silicon anodes; solid electrolyte interphase
OSTI Identifier:
1486914
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1486916; OSTI ID: 1505077

Son, Seoung-Bum, Cao, Lei, Yoon, Taeho, Cresce, Arthur, Hafner, Simon E., Liu, Jun, Groner, Markus, Xu, Kang, and Ban, Chunmei. Interfacially Induced Cascading Failure in Graphite-Silicon Composite Anodes. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1002/advs.201801007.
Son, Seoung-Bum, Cao, Lei, Yoon, Taeho, Cresce, Arthur, Hafner, Simon E., Liu, Jun, Groner, Markus, Xu, Kang, & Ban, Chunmei. Interfacially Induced Cascading Failure in Graphite-Silicon Composite Anodes. United States. doi:10.1002/advs.201801007.
Son, Seoung-Bum, Cao, Lei, Yoon, Taeho, Cresce, Arthur, Hafner, Simon E., Liu, Jun, Groner, Markus, Xu, Kang, and Ban, Chunmei. 2018. "Interfacially Induced Cascading Failure in Graphite-Silicon Composite Anodes". United States. doi:10.1002/advs.201801007.
@article{osti_1486914,
title = {Interfacially Induced Cascading Failure in Graphite-Silicon Composite Anodes},
author = {Son, Seoung-Bum and Cao, Lei and Yoon, Taeho and Cresce, Arthur and Hafner, Simon E. and Liu, Jun and Groner, Markus and Xu, Kang and Ban, Chunmei},
abstractNote = {Silicon (Si) has been well recognized as a promising candidate to replace graphite because of its earth abundance and high-capacity storage, but its large volume changes upon lithiation/delithiation and the consequential material fracturing, loss of electrical contact, and over-consumption of the electrolyte prevent its full application. As a countermeasure for rapid capacity decay, a composite electrode of graphite and Si has been adopted by accommodating Si nanoparticles in a graphite matrix. Such an approach, which involves two materials that interact electrochemically with lithium in the electrode, necessitates an analytical methodology to determine the individual electrochemical behavior of each active material. In this work, a methodology comprising differential plots and integral calculus is established to analyze the complicated interplay among the two active batteries and investigate the failure mechanism underlying capacity fade in the blend electrode. To address performance deficiencies identified by this methodology, an aluminum alkoxide (alucone) surface-modification strategy is demonstrated to stabilize the structure and electrochemical performance of the Silicon (Si) has been well recognized as a promising candidate to replace graphite because of its earth abundance and high-capacity storage, but its large volume changes upon lithiation/delithiation and the consequential material fracturing, loss of electrical contact, and over-consumption of the electrolyte prevent its full application. As a countermeasure for rapid capacity decay, a composite},
doi = {10.1002/advs.201801007},
journal = {Advanced Science},
number = 3,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {12}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Issues and challenges facing rechargeable lithium batteries
journal, November 2001
  • Tarascon, J.-M.; Armand, M.
  • Nature, Vol. 414, Issue 6861, p. 359-367
  • DOI: 10.1038/35104644

In Situ Observation of Strains during Lithiation of a Graphite Electrode
journal, January 2010
  • Qi, Yue; Harris, Stephen J.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 157, Issue 6, p. A741-A747
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.3377130

Lithium Ion Battery Graphite Solid Electrolyte Interphase Revealed by Microscopy and Spectroscopy
journal, January 2013
  • Nie, Mengyun; Chalasani, Dinesh; Abraham, Daniel P.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 117, Issue 3, p. 1257-1267
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp3118055

Effect of fluoroethylene carbonate additive on interfacial properties of silicon thin-film electrode
journal, October 2006

A review of the features and analyses of the solid electrolyte interphase in Li-ion batteries
journal, September 2010

Impedance Analysis of Silicon Nanowire Lithium Ion Battery Anodes
journal, June 2009
  • Ruffo, Riccardo; Hong, Seung Sae; Chan, Candace K.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 113, Issue 26, p. 11390-11398
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp901594g