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Title: Improving a Mg/S Battery with YCl 3 Additive and Magnesium Polysulfide

Abstract

Rechargeable magnesium/sulfur (Mg/S) batteries are widely regarded as one of the alternatives to lithium-ion batteries. Yet, a key factor restricting their application is the lack of suitable electrolyte. Herein, an electrolyte additive that can reduce the polarization voltage is developed and 98.7% coulombic efficiency is realized. The as-prepared Mg-ion electrolyte exhibits excellent Mg plating/stripping performance with a low overpotential of 0.11 V for plating process, and high anodic stability up to 3.0 V (vs Mg/Mg 2+). When it is coupled with magnesium polysulfide, which has high reactivity and is homogeneously distributed on carbon matrix, the Mg/S cells deliver a good cycling stability with a high discharge capacity over 1000 mAh g -1 for more than 50 cycles.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [7];  [6];  [8]; ORCiD logo [9]
  1. Univ. of Science and Technology of China (USTC), Anhui (China). School of Nano-Tech and Nano-Bionics; Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Jiangsu (China). Suzhou Inst. of Nano-Tech and Nano-Bionics
  2. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  3. Shenzhen Tsinghua Univ., Guangdong (China)
  4. Suzhou Univ. of Science and Technology, Suzhou (China). School of Chemistry, Biology, and Material Engineering
  5. Shenzhen Tsinghua Univ., Guangdong (China). Lab. for Computational Materials Engineering
  6. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  7. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  8. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
  9. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Jiangsu (China). Suzhou Inst. of Nano-Tech and Nano-Bionics; SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab. (SLAC), Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Scientific User Facilities Division
OSTI Identifier:
1485695
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1485696; OSTI ID: 1506232
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; AC02‐05CH11231; 21433013
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Advanced Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2198-3844
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; electrolyte additives; magnesium polysulfide cathodes; magnesium/sulfur batteries

Citation Formats

Xu, Yan, Zhou, Guangmin, Zhao, Shuyang, Li, Wanfei, Shi, Feifei, Li, Jia, Feng, Jun, Zhao, Yuxing, Wu, Yang, Guo, Jinghua, Cui, Yi, and Zhang, Yuegang. Improving a Mg/S Battery with YCl 3 Additive and Magnesium Polysulfide. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/advs.201800981.
Xu, Yan, Zhou, Guangmin, Zhao, Shuyang, Li, Wanfei, Shi, Feifei, Li, Jia, Feng, Jun, Zhao, Yuxing, Wu, Yang, Guo, Jinghua, Cui, Yi, & Zhang, Yuegang. Improving a Mg/S Battery with YCl 3 Additive and Magnesium Polysulfide. United States. doi:10.1002/advs.201800981.
Xu, Yan, Zhou, Guangmin, Zhao, Shuyang, Li, Wanfei, Shi, Feifei, Li, Jia, Feng, Jun, Zhao, Yuxing, Wu, Yang, Guo, Jinghua, Cui, Yi, and Zhang, Yuegang. Wed . "Improving a Mg/S Battery with YCl 3 Additive and Magnesium Polysulfide". United States. doi:10.1002/advs.201800981.
@article{osti_1485695,
title = {Improving a Mg/S Battery with YCl 3 Additive and Magnesium Polysulfide},
author = {Xu, Yan and Zhou, Guangmin and Zhao, Shuyang and Li, Wanfei and Shi, Feifei and Li, Jia and Feng, Jun and Zhao, Yuxing and Wu, Yang and Guo, Jinghua and Cui, Yi and Zhang, Yuegang},
abstractNote = {Rechargeable magnesium/sulfur (Mg/S) batteries are widely regarded as one of the alternatives to lithium-ion batteries. Yet, a key factor restricting their application is the lack of suitable electrolyte. Herein, an electrolyte additive that can reduce the polarization voltage is developed and 98.7% coulombic efficiency is realized. The as-prepared Mg-ion electrolyte exhibits excellent Mg plating/stripping performance with a low overpotential of 0.11 V for plating process, and high anodic stability up to 3.0 V (vs Mg/Mg2+). When it is coupled with magnesium polysulfide, which has high reactivity and is homogeneously distributed on carbon matrix, the Mg/S cells deliver a good cycling stability with a high discharge capacity over 1000 mAh g-1 for more than 50 cycles.},
doi = {10.1002/advs.201800981},
journal = {Advanced Science},
number = 4,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1002/advs.201800981

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 3 works
Citation information provided by
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: a) EDS of the deposited Mg on Pt electrode under a current density of 0.5 mA cm−2. b) Linear sweep voltammetry of the Y-based electrolyte (IL:DG = 1:1). The working electrode is Pt while the counter and reference electrodes are Mg metal. Measurements are obtained at 25 mVmore » s−1 under ambient conditions. c) Cycling behavior of a symmetrical cell with the Y-based electrolyte (IL:DG = 1:1) at a current density of 0.5 mA cm−2. d) Cyclic voltammogram of the Y-based electrolyte at 25 mV s−1. The working electrode is Pt while the counter and reference electrodes are Mg metals. The inset shows the plot of charge over time of Mg deposition and stripping.« less

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