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Title: Frustration and Glasslike Character in RIn1–x MnxO3 (R = Tb, Dy, Gd)

Abstract

Here, we bring together ac susceptibility and dc magnetization to uncover the rich magnetic field-temperature behavior of a series of rare earth indium oxides, RInO3 (R = Tb, Dy, and Gd). The degree of frustration is much larger than expected, particularly in TbInO3, and the ground states are glasslike with antiferromagnetic tendencies. The activation energy for spin reorientation is low. Chemical substitution with Mn3+ ions to form TbIn1–xMnxO3 (x ≤ 0.01) relieves much of the frustration that characterizes the parent compound and slightly enhances the short-range antiferromagnetic order. The phase diagrams developed from this work reveal the rich competition between spin orders and provide an opportunity to compare the dynamics in the RInO3 and Mn-substituted systems. Finally, these structure–property relations may be useful for understanding magnetism in other geometrically frustrated multiferroics.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [2]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6]
  1. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  2. Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States). Rutgers Center for Emergent Materials and Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Pohang Univ. of Science and Technology (POSTECH) (Korea, Republic of). Lab. for Pohang Emergent Materials and Dept. of Physics
  3. Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom). Clarendon Lab., Condensed Matter Physics
  4. Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom). Clarendon Lab., Condensed Matter Physics; Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  5. Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States). National High Magnetic Field Lab. (MagLab)
  6. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Dept. of Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1485392
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-25203
Journal ID: ISSN 0020-1669
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Inorganic Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 57; Journal Issue: 20; Journal ID: ISSN 0020-1669
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; High Magnetic Field Science

Citation Formats

Chen, Peng, Holinsworth, Brian S., O’Neal, Kenneth R., Luo, Xuan, Topping, Craig V., Cheong, Sang W., Singleton, John, Choi, Eun S., and Musfeldt, Janice L. Frustration and Glasslike Character in RIn1–x MnxO3 (R = Tb, Dy, Gd). United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.8b01467.
Chen, Peng, Holinsworth, Brian S., O’Neal, Kenneth R., Luo, Xuan, Topping, Craig V., Cheong, Sang W., Singleton, John, Choi, Eun S., & Musfeldt, Janice L. Frustration and Glasslike Character in RIn1–x MnxO3 (R = Tb, Dy, Gd). United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.8b01467
Chen, Peng, Holinsworth, Brian S., O’Neal, Kenneth R., Luo, Xuan, Topping, Craig V., Cheong, Sang W., Singleton, John, Choi, Eun S., and Musfeldt, Janice L. Fri . "Frustration and Glasslike Character in RIn1–x MnxO3 (R = Tb, Dy, Gd)". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.8b01467. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1485392.
@article{osti_1485392,
title = {Frustration and Glasslike Character in RIn1–x MnxO3 (R = Tb, Dy, Gd)},
author = {Chen, Peng and Holinsworth, Brian S. and O’Neal, Kenneth R. and Luo, Xuan and Topping, Craig V. and Cheong, Sang W. and Singleton, John and Choi, Eun S. and Musfeldt, Janice L.},
abstractNote = {Here, we bring together ac susceptibility and dc magnetization to uncover the rich magnetic field-temperature behavior of a series of rare earth indium oxides, RInO3 (R = Tb, Dy, and Gd). The degree of frustration is much larger than expected, particularly in TbInO3, and the ground states are glasslike with antiferromagnetic tendencies. The activation energy for spin reorientation is low. Chemical substitution with Mn3+ ions to form TbIn1–xMnxO3 (x ≤ 0.01) relieves much of the frustration that characterizes the parent compound and slightly enhances the short-range antiferromagnetic order. The phase diagrams developed from this work reveal the rich competition between spin orders and provide an opportunity to compare the dynamics in the RInO3 and Mn-substituted systems. Finally, these structure–property relations may be useful for understanding magnetism in other geometrically frustrated multiferroics.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.inorgchem.8b01467},
journal = {Inorganic Chemistry},
number = 20,
volume = 57,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: (a) Hexagonal TbInO3 lattice with space group symmetry P63cm. These polar oxides are highly frustrated because of the triangular lattice of rare earth centers. As shown by the shaded InO5 and TbO7 polyhedra, the In3+ ions are located on 5-fold coordinated trigonal-bipyramidal sites, whereas the rare earth ionsmore » are 7-fold coordinated at both the 2a (0, 0, 0.2704) and 4b (1/3, 2/3, 0.2382) Wyckoff positions. (b) The temperature dependence of the dc susceptibility of TbInO3 measured with μ0H = 0.01 T down to 1.8 K. The reciprocal of the magnetic susceptibility is used to extract the Curie−Weiss temperature.« less

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