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Title: Designing landscapes for biomass production and wildlife

Abstract

Replacing fossil with biomass-based sources of energy may help to reduce climate threats to biodiversity. However, some geographic areas with high potential value for producing biomass are also biodiversity hot spots. Guidance is needed to manage landscapes to successfully co-produce biomass for energy and habitat for wildlife. The land-sharing versus sparing (LSS) paradigm suggests a spectrum of approaches, but there are challenges with applying the paradigm to bioenergy production. Drawing on examples from biomass production systems spanning a latitudinal gradient from the prairies and southeast forests of North America to the savannas of the Cerrados and Amazonian forests of Brazil in South America, we extract recommendations for co-managing for wildlife and biomass production at the landscape scale and at the scale of individual parcels. At the landscape scale, setting-aside larger conservation reserves while zoning for smaller individual parcels in biomass production is recommended where biodiversity is high. Where ecosystems support wide-ranging species with poor gap-crossing abilities, corridors linking reserves are also recommended. At the scale of parcels managed by an individual owner, wildlife habitat quality can be improved by reducing the intensity of production in lands used to grow biomass for energy, i.e., land sharing. For example, retaining key structuralmore » elements that offer insect habitat and prey refuge, increasing vegetative diversity, and using natural pest control are three wildlife-friendly practices. In addition, dynamic management can facilitate time-sharing between production of biomass and wildlife. Lastly, understanding and mitigating for negative wildlife interactions that cause damage to crops is central to finding solutions that are acceptable to land managers.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1484310
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1491349
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Global Ecology and Conservation
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Global Ecology and Conservation Journal Volume: 16 Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 2351-9894
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
Netherlands
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Biodiversity; Biomass production; Dynamic landscape design; Land-sharing; Land-sparing; Intensification

Citation Formats

Jager, Henriëtte I., and Kreig, Jasmine A. F. Designing landscapes for biomass production and wildlife. Netherlands: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.gecco.2018.e00490.
Jager, Henriëtte I., & Kreig, Jasmine A. F. Designing landscapes for biomass production and wildlife. Netherlands. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2018.e00490
Jager, Henriëtte I., and Kreig, Jasmine A. F. Mon . "Designing landscapes for biomass production and wildlife". Netherlands. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2018.e00490.
@article{osti_1484310,
title = {Designing landscapes for biomass production and wildlife},
author = {Jager, Henriëtte I. and Kreig, Jasmine A. F.},
abstractNote = {Replacing fossil with biomass-based sources of energy may help to reduce climate threats to biodiversity. However, some geographic areas with high potential value for producing biomass are also biodiversity hot spots. Guidance is needed to manage landscapes to successfully co-produce biomass for energy and habitat for wildlife. The land-sharing versus sparing (LSS) paradigm suggests a spectrum of approaches, but there are challenges with applying the paradigm to bioenergy production. Drawing on examples from biomass production systems spanning a latitudinal gradient from the prairies and southeast forests of North America to the savannas of the Cerrados and Amazonian forests of Brazil in South America, we extract recommendations for co-managing for wildlife and biomass production at the landscape scale and at the scale of individual parcels. At the landscape scale, setting-aside larger conservation reserves while zoning for smaller individual parcels in biomass production is recommended where biodiversity is high. Where ecosystems support wide-ranging species with poor gap-crossing abilities, corridors linking reserves are also recommended. At the scale of parcels managed by an individual owner, wildlife habitat quality can be improved by reducing the intensity of production in lands used to grow biomass for energy, i.e., land sharing. For example, retaining key structural elements that offer insect habitat and prey refuge, increasing vegetative diversity, and using natural pest control are three wildlife-friendly practices. In addition, dynamic management can facilitate time-sharing between production of biomass and wildlife. Lastly, understanding and mitigating for negative wildlife interactions that cause damage to crops is central to finding solutions that are acceptable to land managers.},
doi = {10.1016/j.gecco.2018.e00490},
journal = {Global Ecology and Conservation},
number = C,
volume = 16,
place = {Netherlands},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2018.e00490

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Response of non-grassland avian guilds to adjacent herbaceous field buffers: testing the configuration of targeted conservation practices in agricultural landscapes
journal, January 2015

  • Riffell, Samuel K.; Monroe, Adrian P.; Martin, James A.
  • Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 52, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12389