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Title: High-efficiency coherence-preserving harmonic rejection with crystal optics

Abstract

This work reports a harmonic-rejection scheme based on the combination of Si(111) monochromator and Si(220) harmonic-rejection crystal optics. This approach is of importance to a wide range of X-ray applications in all three major branches of modern X-ray science (scattering, spectroscopy, imaging) based at major facilities, and especially relevant to the capabilities offered by the new diffraction-limited storage rings. It was demonstrated both theoretically and experimentally that, when used with a synchrotron undulator source over a broad range of X-ray energies of interest, the harmonic-rejection crystals transmit the incident harmonic X-rays on the order of 10 –6. Considering the flux ratio of fundamental and harmonic X-rays in the incident beam, this scheme achieves a total flux ratio of harmonic radiation to fundamental radiation on the order of 10 –10. The spatial coherence of the undulator beam is preserved in the transmitted fundamental radiation while the harmonic radiation is suppressed, making this scheme suitable not only for current third-generation synchrotron sources but also for the new diffraction-limited storage rings where coherence preservation is an even higher priority. Compared with conventional harmonic-rejection mirrors, where coherence is poorly preserved and harmonic rejection is less effective, this scheme has the added advantage of lowermore » cost and footprint. Furthermore, this approach has been successfully utilized at the ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering instrument at the Advanced Photon Source for scattering, imaging and coherent X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy experiments. With minor modification, the harmonic rejection can be improved by a further five orders of magnitude, enabling even more performance capabilities.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD (United States)
  2. National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1484227
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Synchrotron Radiation (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation (Online); Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1600-5775
Publisher:
International Union of Crystallography
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; SAXS; XAFS; coherent X-ray scattering; harmonic rejection; monochromator

Citation Formats

Zhang, Fan, Allen, Andrew J., Levine, Lyle E., Long, Gabrielle G., Kuzmenko, Ivan, and Ilavsky, Jan. High-efficiency coherence-preserving harmonic rejection with crystal optics. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1107/S1600577518009645.
Zhang, Fan, Allen, Andrew J., Levine, Lyle E., Long, Gabrielle G., Kuzmenko, Ivan, & Ilavsky, Jan. High-efficiency coherence-preserving harmonic rejection with crystal optics. United States. doi:10.1107/S1600577518009645.
Zhang, Fan, Allen, Andrew J., Levine, Lyle E., Long, Gabrielle G., Kuzmenko, Ivan, and Ilavsky, Jan. Tue . "High-efficiency coherence-preserving harmonic rejection with crystal optics". United States. doi:10.1107/S1600577518009645. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1484227.
@article{osti_1484227,
title = {High-efficiency coherence-preserving harmonic rejection with crystal optics},
author = {Zhang, Fan and Allen, Andrew J. and Levine, Lyle E. and Long, Gabrielle G. and Kuzmenko, Ivan and Ilavsky, Jan},
abstractNote = {This work reports a harmonic-rejection scheme based on the combination of Si(111) monochromator and Si(220) harmonic-rejection crystal optics. This approach is of importance to a wide range of X-ray applications in all three major branches of modern X-ray science (scattering, spectroscopy, imaging) based at major facilities, and especially relevant to the capabilities offered by the new diffraction-limited storage rings. It was demonstrated both theoretically and experimentally that, when used with a synchrotron undulator source over a broad range of X-ray energies of interest, the harmonic-rejection crystals transmit the incident harmonic X-rays on the order of 10–6. Considering the flux ratio of fundamental and harmonic X-rays in the incident beam, this scheme achieves a total flux ratio of harmonic radiation to fundamental radiation on the order of 10–10. The spatial coherence of the undulator beam is preserved in the transmitted fundamental radiation while the harmonic radiation is suppressed, making this scheme suitable not only for current third-generation synchrotron sources but also for the new diffraction-limited storage rings where coherence preservation is an even higher priority. Compared with conventional harmonic-rejection mirrors, where coherence is poorly preserved and harmonic rejection is less effective, this scheme has the added advantage of lower cost and footprint. Furthermore, this approach has been successfully utilized at the ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering instrument at the Advanced Photon Source for scattering, imaging and coherent X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy experiments. With minor modification, the harmonic rejection can be improved by a further five orders of magnitude, enabling even more performance capabilities.},
doi = {10.1107/S1600577518009645},
journal = {Journal of Synchrotron Radiation (Online)},
number = 5,
volume = 25,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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