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Title: Universality of scanning tunneling microscopy in cuprate superconductors

We consider the problem of local tunneling into cuprate superconductors, combining model-based calculations for the superconducting order parameter with wave function information obtained from first-principles electronic structure. For some time it has been proposed that scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) spectra do not reflect the properties of the superconducting layer in the CuO 2 plane directly beneath the STM tip, but rather a weighted sum of spatially proximate states determined by the details of the tunneling process. These ``filter'' ideas have been countered with the argument that similar conductance patterns have been seen around impurities and charge ordered states in systems with atomically quite different barrier layers. Here we use a recently developed Wannier function-based method to calculate topographies, spectra, conductance maps, and normalized conductance maps close to impurities. We find that it is the local planar Cu d x2–y2 Wannier function, qualitatively similar for many systems, that controls the form of the tunneling spectrum and the spatial patterns near perturbations. Furthermore we explain how, despite the fact that STM observables depend on the materials-specific details of the tunneling process and setup parameters, there is an overall universality in the qualitative features of conductance spectra. In particular, we discuss why STMmore » results on Bi 2Sr 2CaCu 2O 8 (BSCCO) and Ca 2–xNa xCuO 2Cl 2 (NaCCOC) are essentially identical.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States); Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru (India)
  2. Univ. Leipzig, Leipzig (Germany); Univ. of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. Univ. of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark)
  5. Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; AC02-05CH11231
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 17; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY
OSTI Identifier:
1484148
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1410467

Choubey, Peayush, Kreisel, Andreas, Berlijn, Tom, Andersen, Brian M., and Hirschfeld, Peter J.. Universality of scanning tunneling microscopy in cuprate superconductors. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.174523.
Choubey, Peayush, Kreisel, Andreas, Berlijn, Tom, Andersen, Brian M., & Hirschfeld, Peter J.. Universality of scanning tunneling microscopy in cuprate superconductors. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.174523.
Choubey, Peayush, Kreisel, Andreas, Berlijn, Tom, Andersen, Brian M., and Hirschfeld, Peter J.. 2017. "Universality of scanning tunneling microscopy in cuprate superconductors". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.174523. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1484148.
@article{osti_1484148,
title = {Universality of scanning tunneling microscopy in cuprate superconductors},
author = {Choubey, Peayush and Kreisel, Andreas and Berlijn, Tom and Andersen, Brian M. and Hirschfeld, Peter J.},
abstractNote = {We consider the problem of local tunneling into cuprate superconductors, combining model-based calculations for the superconducting order parameter with wave function information obtained from first-principles electronic structure. For some time it has been proposed that scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) spectra do not reflect the properties of the superconducting layer in the CuO2 plane directly beneath the STM tip, but rather a weighted sum of spatially proximate states determined by the details of the tunneling process. These ``filter'' ideas have been countered with the argument that similar conductance patterns have been seen around impurities and charge ordered states in systems with atomically quite different barrier layers. Here we use a recently developed Wannier function-based method to calculate topographies, spectra, conductance maps, and normalized conductance maps close to impurities. We find that it is the local planar Cu dx2–y2 Wannier function, qualitatively similar for many systems, that controls the form of the tunneling spectrum and the spatial patterns near perturbations. Furthermore we explain how, despite the fact that STM observables depend on the materials-specific details of the tunneling process and setup parameters, there is an overall universality in the qualitative features of conductance spectra. In particular, we discuss why STM results on Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 (BSCCO) and Ca2–xNaxCuO2Cl2 (NaCCOC) are essentially identical.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.96.174523},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 17,
volume = 96,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

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