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Title: Phosphorus: An Anode of Choice for Sodium-Ion Batteries

Phosphorus (P) offers a high theoretical capacity of 2596 mAh g -1 and thus has been intensively pursued as one of the most promising anodes for sodium-ion batteries. However, sodium storage in P anodes is facing significant technical challenges in terms of poor conductivity, large volume swelling, and an unstable solid-electrolyte interphase. These challenges need to be well mitigated before P material can be deployed in full batteries. In this Perspective, we summarize the latest research progress in the development of P anodes. Here, we focus on the design principle and criteria of efficient P anodes and materials strategies that mainly leverage the knowledge accumulated for the lithium anode of silicon. We also highlight the decisive role that theoretical simulation and in situ techniques play in addressing these difficulties associated with P materials.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Soochow Univ., Suzhou (People’s Republic of China). College of Physics, Optoelectronics and Energy, Center for Energy Conversion Materials & Physics (CECMP)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; 17KJA430013; BK20151219; BK20140009; 51672182; 51772197; 51422206
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Energy Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2380-8195
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE
OSTI Identifier:
1484017

Ni, Jiangfeng, Li, Liang, and Lu, Jun. Phosphorus: An Anode of Choice for Sodium-Ion Batteries. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.8b00312.
Ni, Jiangfeng, Li, Liang, & Lu, Jun. Phosphorus: An Anode of Choice for Sodium-Ion Batteries. United States. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.8b00312.
Ni, Jiangfeng, Li, Liang, and Lu, Jun. 2018. "Phosphorus: An Anode of Choice for Sodium-Ion Batteries". United States. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.8b00312. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1484017.
@article{osti_1484017,
title = {Phosphorus: An Anode of Choice for Sodium-Ion Batteries},
author = {Ni, Jiangfeng and Li, Liang and Lu, Jun},
abstractNote = {Phosphorus (P) offers a high theoretical capacity of 2596 mAh g-1 and thus has been intensively pursued as one of the most promising anodes for sodium-ion batteries. However, sodium storage in P anodes is facing significant technical challenges in terms of poor conductivity, large volume swelling, and an unstable solid-electrolyte interphase. These challenges need to be well mitigated before P material can be deployed in full batteries. In this Perspective, we summarize the latest research progress in the development of P anodes. Here, we focus on the design principle and criteria of efficient P anodes and materials strategies that mainly leverage the knowledge accumulated for the lithium anode of silicon. We also highlight the decisive role that theoretical simulation and in situ techniques play in addressing these difficulties associated with P materials.},
doi = {10.1021/acsenergylett.8b00312},
journal = {ACS Energy Letters},
number = 5,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}