skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Rock-welding materials development for deep borehole nuclear waste disposal

Abstract

We report that various versions of deep borehole nuclear waste disposal have been proposed in the past in which effective sealing of a borehole after waste emplacement is generally required. In a high temperature disposal mode, the sealing function will be fulfilled by melting the ambient granitic rock with waste decay heat or an external heating source, creating a melt that will encapsulate waste containers or plug a portion of the borehole above a stack of the containers. However, there are certain drawbacks associated with natural materials, such as high melting temperatures, inefficient consolidation, slow crystallization kinetics, the resulting sealing materials generally being porous with low mechanical strength, insufficient adhesion to waste container surface, and lack of flexibility for engineering controls. In this study, we showed that natural granitic materials can be purposefully engineered through chemical modifications to enhance the sealing capability of the materials for deep borehole disposal. The present work systematically explores the effect of chemical modification and crystallinity (amorphous vs. crystalline) on the melting and crystallization processes of a granitic rock system. The approach can be applied to modify granites excavated from different geological sites. Several engineered granitic materials have been explored which possess significantly lower processingmore » and densification temperatures than natural granites. Finally, those new materials consolidate more efficiently by viscous flow and accelerated recrystallization without compromising their mechanical integrity and properties.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1483963
Report Number(s):
SAND-2015-9999J
Journal ID: ISSN 0254-0584; 608265
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000; NA0003525
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Materials Chemistry and Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 221; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0254-0584
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; Amorphous; Nuclear waste materials; Kinetics

Citation Formats

Yang, Pin, Wang, Yifeng, Rodriguez, Mark A., and Brady, Patrick V. Rock-welding materials development for deep borehole nuclear waste disposal. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.matchemphys.2018.09.023.
Yang, Pin, Wang, Yifeng, Rodriguez, Mark A., & Brady, Patrick V. Rock-welding materials development for deep borehole nuclear waste disposal. United States. doi:10.1016/j.matchemphys.2018.09.023.
Yang, Pin, Wang, Yifeng, Rodriguez, Mark A., and Brady, Patrick V. Fri . "Rock-welding materials development for deep borehole nuclear waste disposal". United States. doi:10.1016/j.matchemphys.2018.09.023. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1483963.
@article{osti_1483963,
title = {Rock-welding materials development for deep borehole nuclear waste disposal},
author = {Yang, Pin and Wang, Yifeng and Rodriguez, Mark A. and Brady, Patrick V.},
abstractNote = {We report that various versions of deep borehole nuclear waste disposal have been proposed in the past in which effective sealing of a borehole after waste emplacement is generally required. In a high temperature disposal mode, the sealing function will be fulfilled by melting the ambient granitic rock with waste decay heat or an external heating source, creating a melt that will encapsulate waste containers or plug a portion of the borehole above a stack of the containers. However, there are certain drawbacks associated with natural materials, such as high melting temperatures, inefficient consolidation, slow crystallization kinetics, the resulting sealing materials generally being porous with low mechanical strength, insufficient adhesion to waste container surface, and lack of flexibility for engineering controls. In this study, we showed that natural granitic materials can be purposefully engineered through chemical modifications to enhance the sealing capability of the materials for deep borehole disposal. The present work systematically explores the effect of chemical modification and crystallinity (amorphous vs. crystalline) on the melting and crystallization processes of a granitic rock system. The approach can be applied to modify granites excavated from different geological sites. Several engineered granitic materials have been explored which possess significantly lower processing and densification temperatures than natural granites. Finally, those new materials consolidate more efficiently by viscous flow and accelerated recrystallization without compromising their mechanical integrity and properties.},
doi = {10.1016/j.matchemphys.2018.09.023},
journal = {Materials Chemistry and Physics},
number = C,
volume = 221,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share: