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Title: Where Lower Calcite Abundance Creates More Alteration: Enhanced Rock Matrix Diffusivity Induced by Preferential Dissolution [Where Lower Calcite Abundance Creates More Alteration: Enhanced Rock Matrix Diffusivity Induced by Preferential Carbonate Dissolution]

Fractured rocks are essential for flow, solute transport and energy production in geosystems. Existing studies on mineral reactions in fractured rocks mostly consider single mineral systems where reactions occur at the fracture wall without changing rock matrix properties. This work presents multicomponent reactive transport numerical experiments in a fractured rock from the Brady’s field, a geothermal reservoir at a depth of 1,396 m in the Hot Springs Mountains, Nevada. Initial porosity, permeability, mineral composition (quartz, clay, and calcite), and fracture geometry are based on microscopy characterization and X-ray tomography. The model was calibrated using a CO 2-saturated water flooding experiment. Three numerical experiments were carried out with the same initial physical properties however different calcite content. Although total dissolved masses are similar among the three cases, abundant calcite (50% (v/v), calcite50) leads to a localized, thick zone of large porosity increase while low calcite content (10% (v/v), calcite10) creates an extended and narrow zone of small porosity increase resulting in surprisingly larger change in effective transport property. After 300 days of dissolution, effective matrix diffusion coefficients increase by 9.9 and 19.6 times in calcite50 and calcite10, respectively, inducing corresponding 2.1 and 3.2 times rise in the slopes of power lawmore » tailing, a measure of transport properties. This counterintuitive results suggest that lower abundance of reactive minerals leads to greater alteration in the fractured media. Detailed analysis show that the effective rates of the fast-dissolving calcite are limited by diffusive transport in the altered matrix and the shape of the altered zone. In contrast, the while effective dissolution of slow-dissolving quartz depends on effective diffusion within the entire rock matrix. Calcite dissolution only occurs at the thin altered–unaltered matrix interface of tens of micrometers thickness occupying less than 1% of the total calcite content. In contrast, all quartz are effectively dissolving. Furthermore, this work highlights the importance of mineralogical complexity in determining mineral dissolution and rock matrix property evolution.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. The Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)
  2. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FOA-0000522; RES1000026
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energy and Fuels
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 30; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 0887-0624
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Geothermal Technologies Office (EE-4G)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1483265

Wen, Hang, Li, Li, Crandall, Dustin, and Hakala, Alexandra. Where Lower Calcite Abundance Creates More Alteration: Enhanced Rock Matrix Diffusivity Induced by Preferential Dissolution [Where Lower Calcite Abundance Creates More Alteration: Enhanced Rock Matrix Diffusivity Induced by Preferential Carbonate Dissolution]. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.5b02932.
Wen, Hang, Li, Li, Crandall, Dustin, & Hakala, Alexandra. Where Lower Calcite Abundance Creates More Alteration: Enhanced Rock Matrix Diffusivity Induced by Preferential Dissolution [Where Lower Calcite Abundance Creates More Alteration: Enhanced Rock Matrix Diffusivity Induced by Preferential Carbonate Dissolution]. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.5b02932.
Wen, Hang, Li, Li, Crandall, Dustin, and Hakala, Alexandra. 2016. "Where Lower Calcite Abundance Creates More Alteration: Enhanced Rock Matrix Diffusivity Induced by Preferential Dissolution [Where Lower Calcite Abundance Creates More Alteration: Enhanced Rock Matrix Diffusivity Induced by Preferential Carbonate Dissolution]". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.5b02932. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1483265.
@article{osti_1483265,
title = {Where Lower Calcite Abundance Creates More Alteration: Enhanced Rock Matrix Diffusivity Induced by Preferential Dissolution [Where Lower Calcite Abundance Creates More Alteration: Enhanced Rock Matrix Diffusivity Induced by Preferential Carbonate Dissolution]},
author = {Wen, Hang and Li, Li and Crandall, Dustin and Hakala, Alexandra},
abstractNote = {Fractured rocks are essential for flow, solute transport and energy production in geosystems. Existing studies on mineral reactions in fractured rocks mostly consider single mineral systems where reactions occur at the fracture wall without changing rock matrix properties. This work presents multicomponent reactive transport numerical experiments in a fractured rock from the Brady’s field, a geothermal reservoir at a depth of 1,396 m in the Hot Springs Mountains, Nevada. Initial porosity, permeability, mineral composition (quartz, clay, and calcite), and fracture geometry are based on microscopy characterization and X-ray tomography. The model was calibrated using a CO2-saturated water flooding experiment. Three numerical experiments were carried out with the same initial physical properties however different calcite content. Although total dissolved masses are similar among the three cases, abundant calcite (50% (v/v), calcite50) leads to a localized, thick zone of large porosity increase while low calcite content (10% (v/v), calcite10) creates an extended and narrow zone of small porosity increase resulting in surprisingly larger change in effective transport property. After 300 days of dissolution, effective matrix diffusion coefficients increase by 9.9 and 19.6 times in calcite50 and calcite10, respectively, inducing corresponding 2.1 and 3.2 times rise in the slopes of power law tailing, a measure of transport properties. This counterintuitive results suggest that lower abundance of reactive minerals leads to greater alteration in the fractured media. Detailed analysis show that the effective rates of the fast-dissolving calcite are limited by diffusive transport in the altered matrix and the shape of the altered zone. In contrast, the while effective dissolution of slow-dissolving quartz depends on effective diffusion within the entire rock matrix. Calcite dissolution only occurs at the thin altered–unaltered matrix interface of tens of micrometers thickness occupying less than 1% of the total calcite content. In contrast, all quartz are effectively dissolving. Furthermore, this work highlights the importance of mineralogical complexity in determining mineral dissolution and rock matrix property evolution.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.energyfuels.5b02932},
journal = {Energy and Fuels},
number = 5,
volume = 30,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {4}
}