skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Harnessing the relativistic Buneman instability for laser-ion acceleration in the transparency regime

Abstract

Here we examine the relativistic Buneman instability in systems relevant to high-intensity laser-plasma interactions under conditions of relativistically-induced transparency, as this instability can generate large-amplitude electrostatic waves at low frequencies that are pertinent to ion dynamics in these systems. Ion flows are shown to significantly alter the range of unstable wave numbers and to increase the phase velocities of the unstable modes; we particularly highlight the relativistic effects from both the ion and electron (with transverse motion) populations. These findings are related to the mode structure seen in particle-in-cell simulation results of a short-pulse laser breaking through an initially opaque target with the onset of relativistic transparency. Additionally, driving mechanisms from free energy present in density and velocity gradients are shown to be capable of significantly enhancing the growth rates, and these instabilities furthermore extend the breadth of the unstable wave number range. We discuss how the transverse self-generated magnetic fields characteristic of short-pulse interactions can potentially constrain the unstable wave numbers in a non-trivial manner.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; LANL Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1482935
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1439914
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-21829
Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; plasma waves; plasmas; free energy; particle-in-cell method; wave mechanics; dispersion function; velocity gradient tensor; relativistic effects; laser plasma interactions; plasma instabilities

Citation Formats

Stark, D. J., Yin, L., and Albright, B. J. Harnessing the relativistic Buneman instability for laser-ion acceleration in the transparency regime. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5028128.
Stark, D. J., Yin, L., & Albright, B. J. Harnessing the relativistic Buneman instability for laser-ion acceleration in the transparency regime. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5028128.
Stark, D. J., Yin, L., and Albright, B. J. Fri . "Harnessing the relativistic Buneman instability for laser-ion acceleration in the transparency regime". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5028128. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1482935.
@article{osti_1482935,
title = {Harnessing the relativistic Buneman instability for laser-ion acceleration in the transparency regime},
author = {Stark, D. J. and Yin, L. and Albright, B. J.},
abstractNote = {Here we examine the relativistic Buneman instability in systems relevant to high-intensity laser-plasma interactions under conditions of relativistically-induced transparency, as this instability can generate large-amplitude electrostatic waves at low frequencies that are pertinent to ion dynamics in these systems. Ion flows are shown to significantly alter the range of unstable wave numbers and to increase the phase velocities of the unstable modes; we particularly highlight the relativistic effects from both the ion and electron (with transverse motion) populations. These findings are related to the mode structure seen in particle-in-cell simulation results of a short-pulse laser breaking through an initially opaque target with the onset of relativistic transparency. Additionally, driving mechanisms from free energy present in density and velocity gradients are shown to be capable of significantly enhancing the growth rates, and these instabilities furthermore extend the breadth of the unstable wave number range. We discuss how the transverse self-generated magnetic fields characteristic of short-pulse interactions can potentially constrain the unstable wave numbers in a non-trivial manner.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5028128},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 6,
volume = 25,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Cascaded proton acceleration by collisionless electrostatic shock
journal, July 2015

  • Xu, T. J.; Shen, B. F.; Zhang, X. M.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 22, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4923455

Break-out afterburner ion acceleration in the longer laser pulse length regime
journal, June 2011

  • Yin, L.; Albright, B. J.; Jung, D.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 18, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3596555

Forward Ion Acceleration in Thin Films Driven by a High-Intensity Laser
journal, May 2000


Laser-driven 1 GeV carbon ions from preheated diamond targets in the break-out afterburner regime
journal, August 2013

  • Jung, D.; Yin, L.; Gautier, D. C.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 20, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4817287

Generating High-Current Monoenergetic Proton Beams by a CircularlyPolarized Laser Pulse in the Phase-StableAcceleration Regime
journal, April 2008


Effects of dimensionality on kinetic simulations of laser-ion acceleration in the transparency regime
journal, May 2017

  • Stark, D. J.; Yin, L.; Albright, B. J.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 24, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4982741

Efficient carbon ion beam generation from laser-driven volume acceleration
journal, February 2013


Nonlinear evolution of Buneman instability
journal, January 1981


MeV Ion Jets from Short-Pulse-Laser Interaction with Thin Foils
journal, August 2002


Laser-Driven Shock Acceleration of Monoenergetic Ion Beams
journal, November 2012


GeV laser ion acceleration from ultrathin targets: The laser break-out afterburner
journal, June 2006


On amplitude saturation of Buneman instability and anomalous resistivity
journal, May 1978


Energetic proton generation in ultra-intense laser–solid interactions
journal, February 2001

  • Wilks, S. C.; Langdon, A. B.; Cowan, T. E.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 8, Issue 2, p. 542-549
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1333697

Three-Dimensional Dynamics of Breakout Afterburner Ion Acceleration Using High-Contrast Short-Pulse Laser and Nanoscale Targets
journal, July 2011


Enhanced Laser-Driven Ion Acceleration in the Relativistic Transparency Regime
journal, July 2009


Quasilinear Evolution of Current-Driven Ion-Acoustic Instability in a Magnetic Field
journal, May 1983


Electrostatic instabilities driven by currents perpendicular to an external magnetic field
journal, May 1972


A detailed examination of laser-ion acceleration mechanisms in the relativistic transparency regime using tracers
journal, April 2018

  • Stark, David J.; Yin, Lin; Albright, Brian J.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 25, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5028129

Generalized lower-hybrid-drift instability
journal, January 1979

  • Hsia, J. B.; Chiu, S. M.; Hsia, M. F.
  • Physics of Fluids, Vol. 22, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.862810

Energetic ions generated by laser pulses: A detailed study on target properties
journal, June 2002

  • Roth, M.; Blazevic, A.; Geissel, M.
  • Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, Vol. 5, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.5.061301

Vlasov simulation of laser-driven shock acceleration and ion turbulence
journal, February 2016


The impact of contaminants on laser-driven light ion acceleration
journal, October 2010

  • Petrov, G. M.; Willingale, L.; Davis, J.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 17, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3497002

Shock ion acceleration by an ultrashort circularly polarized laser pulse via relativistic transparency in an exploded target
journal, October 2015


Quasi-monoenergetic ion beam acceleration by laser-driven shock and solitary waves in near-critical plasmas
journal, July 2016

  • Zhang, W. L.; Qiao, B.; Huang, T. W.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 23, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4959585

Laser acceleration of light ions from high-intensity laser-target interactions
journal, June 2009


Enhanced Multi-MeV Photon Emission by a Laser-Driven Electron Beam in a Self-Generated Magnetic Field
journal, May 2016


Ion Acceleration in Multispecies Targets Driven by Intense Laser Radiation Pressure
journal, November 2012


Beam profiles of proton and carbon ions in the relativistic transparency regime
journal, December 2013


Wave Propagation in a Slipping Stream of Electrons: Small Amplitude Theory
journal, June 1950


Electron, photon, and ion beams from the relativistic interaction of Petawatt laser pulses with solid targets
journal, May 2000

  • Hatchett, Stephen P.; Brown, Curtis G.; Cowan, Thomas E.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 7, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.874030

High energy ions generated by laser driven Coulomb explosion of cluster
journal, May 2001

  • Nishihara, K.; Amitani, H.; Murakami, M.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 464, Issue 1-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(01)00014-6

Ion Acceleration by Collisionless Shocks in High-Intensity-Laser–Underdense-Plasma Interaction
journal, October 2004


Relativistically correct hole-boring and ion acceleration by circularly polarized laser pulses
journal, January 2009


Nonlinear Saturation of the Buneman Instability
journal, May 1980


Dissipation of Currents in Ionized Media
journal, August 1959


Ion shock acceleration by large amplitude slow ion acoustic double layers in laser-produced plasmas
journal, February 2014


Accelerating monoenergetic protons from ultrathin foils by flat-top laser pulses in the directed-Coulomb-explosion regime
journal, August 2008


Ultrahigh performance three-dimensional electromagnetic relativistic kinetic plasma simulation
journal, May 2008

  • Bowers, K. J.; Albright, B. J.; Yin, L.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 15, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2840133

Laser acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic MeV ion beams
journal, January 2006

  • Hegelich, B. M.; Albright, B. J.; Cobble, J.
  • Nature, Vol. 439, Issue 7075
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature04400

Relativistic Buneman instability in the laser breakout afterburner
journal, September 2007

  • Albright, B. J.; Yin, L.; Bowers, Kevin J.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 14, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2768933

Dynamics of relativistic transparency and optical shuttering in expanding overdense plasmas
journal, August 2012

  • Palaniyappan, Sasi; Hegelich, B. Manuel; Wu, Hui-Chun
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 8, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2390

Coulomb explosion effect and the maximum energy of protons accelerated by high-power lasers
journal, March 2005


Ion acceleration from laser-driven electrostatic shocks
journal, May 2013

  • Fiuza, F.; Stockem, A.; Boella, E.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 20, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4801526

Leveraging extreme laser-driven magnetic fields for gamma-ray generation and pair production
journal, March 2018

  • Jansen, O.; Wang, T.; Stark, D. J.
  • Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, Vol. 60, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6587/aab222

Nonlinear evolution of Buneman instability. II. Ion dynamics
journal, January 1982


Shock wave acceleration of protons in inhomogeneous plasma interacting with ultrashort intense laser pulses
journal, April 2015

  • Lécz, Zs.; Andreev, A.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 22, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4913438

Monoenergetic and GeV ion acceleration from the laser breakout afterburner using ultrathin targets
journal, May 2007

  • Yin, L.; Albright, B. J.; Hegelich, B. M.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 14, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2436857

Scaling of ion energies in the relativistic-induced transparency regime
journal, October 2015