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Title: Scaling laws for dynamical plasma phenomena

A scaling and similarity technique is a useful tool for developing and testing reduced models of complex phenomena, including plasma phenomena. Similarity and scaling arguments will be applied to highly dynamical systems where the plasma is evolving from some initial to some final state, which may differ dramatically from each other in size and plasma parameters. A question then arises whether, in order to better understand the behavior of one such system, is it possible to create another system, possibly much smaller (or larger) than the original one, but whose evolution would accurately replicate that of the original one, from its initial to its final state. This would allow a researcher, by an experimental study of this second system, to make confident predictions about the behavior of the first one (which may be otherwise inaccessible, as is the case of some astrophysical objects, or too expensive and hard to diagnose, as in the case of fusion applications of pulsed plasma systems, or for other reasons). The scaling and similarity techniques for dynamical plasma systems will be presented as a set of case studies of problems from various domains of plasma physics, including collisional and collisionless plasmas. Finally, among the resultsmore » discussed are similar for MHD systems with an emphasis on high-energy-density laboratory astrophysics, interference between collisionless and collisional phenomena in the context of shock physics, and similarity for liner-imploded plasmas.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-751145
Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X; 936977
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; astrophysics; laboratory procedures; magnetohydrodynamics; plasma physics; plasma confinement; plasma instabilities
OSTI Identifier:
1482879
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1477915

Ryutov, D. D.. Scaling laws for dynamical plasma phenomena. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1063/1.5042254.
Ryutov, D. D.. Scaling laws for dynamical plasma phenomena. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5042254.
Ryutov, D. D.. 2018. "Scaling laws for dynamical plasma phenomena". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5042254.
@article{osti_1482879,
title = {Scaling laws for dynamical plasma phenomena},
author = {Ryutov, D. D.},
abstractNote = {A scaling and similarity technique is a useful tool for developing and testing reduced models of complex phenomena, including plasma phenomena. Similarity and scaling arguments will be applied to highly dynamical systems where the plasma is evolving from some initial to some final state, which may differ dramatically from each other in size and plasma parameters. A question then arises whether, in order to better understand the behavior of one such system, is it possible to create another system, possibly much smaller (or larger) than the original one, but whose evolution would accurately replicate that of the original one, from its initial to its final state. This would allow a researcher, by an experimental study of this second system, to make confident predictions about the behavior of the first one (which may be otherwise inaccessible, as is the case of some astrophysical objects, or too expensive and hard to diagnose, as in the case of fusion applications of pulsed plasma systems, or for other reasons). The scaling and similarity techniques for dynamical plasma systems will be presented as a set of case studies of problems from various domains of plasma physics, including collisional and collisionless plasmas. Finally, among the results discussed are similar for MHD systems with an emphasis on high-energy-density laboratory astrophysics, interference between collisionless and collisional phenomena in the context of shock physics, and similarity for liner-imploded plasmas.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5042254},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 10,
volume = 25,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers
journal, May 1994
  • Tabak, Max; Hammer, James; Glinsky, Michael E.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 1, Issue 5, p. 1626-1634
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.870664