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Title: Failure Modes, Mechanisms, Effects, and Criticality Analysis of Ceramic Anodes of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Abstract

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are a highly efficient chemical to electrical energy conversion devices that have potential in a global energy strategy. The wide adoption of SOFCs is currently limited by cost and concerns about cell durability. Improved understanding of their degradation modes and mechanisms combined with reduction–oxidation stable anodes via all-ceramic-anode cell technology are expected to lead to durability improvements, while economies of scale for production will mitigate cost of commercialization. This paper presents an Ishikawa analysis and a failure modes, mechanisms, effects, and criticality analysis (FMMECA) for all-ceramic anode based SOFCs. FMMECA takes into account the life cycle conditions, multiple failure mechanisms, and their potential effects on fuel-cell health and safety.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
OSTI Identifier:
1482273
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1614151
Grant/Contract Number:  
FE0009084
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Electronics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Electronics Journal Volume: 7 Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 2079-9292
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
Switzerland
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; engineering; solid oxide fuel cells; ceramic anodes; degradation mechanisms; Ishikawa diagram; failure modes; mechanisms; effects; criticality analysis

Citation Formats

Patel, Nripendra, Bishop, Sean, Utter, Robert, Das, Diganta, and Pecht, Michael. Failure Modes, Mechanisms, Effects, and Criticality Analysis of Ceramic Anodes of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. Switzerland: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.3390/electronics7110323.
Patel, Nripendra, Bishop, Sean, Utter, Robert, Das, Diganta, & Pecht, Michael. Failure Modes, Mechanisms, Effects, and Criticality Analysis of Ceramic Anodes of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. Switzerland. doi:10.3390/electronics7110323.
Patel, Nripendra, Bishop, Sean, Utter, Robert, Das, Diganta, and Pecht, Michael. Thu . "Failure Modes, Mechanisms, Effects, and Criticality Analysis of Ceramic Anodes of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells". Switzerland. doi:10.3390/electronics7110323.
@article{osti_1482273,
title = {Failure Modes, Mechanisms, Effects, and Criticality Analysis of Ceramic Anodes of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells},
author = {Patel, Nripendra and Bishop, Sean and Utter, Robert and Das, Diganta and Pecht, Michael},
abstractNote = {Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are a highly efficient chemical to electrical energy conversion devices that have potential in a global energy strategy. The wide adoption of SOFCs is currently limited by cost and concerns about cell durability. Improved understanding of their degradation modes and mechanisms combined with reduction–oxidation stable anodes via all-ceramic-anode cell technology are expected to lead to durability improvements, while economies of scale for production will mitigate cost of commercialization. This paper presents an Ishikawa analysis and a failure modes, mechanisms, effects, and criticality analysis (FMMECA) for all-ceramic anode based SOFCs. FMMECA takes into account the life cycle conditions, multiple failure mechanisms, and their potential effects on fuel-cell health and safety.},
doi = {10.3390/electronics7110323},
journal = {Electronics},
number = 11,
volume = 7,
place = {Switzerland},
year = {2018},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.3390/electronics7110323

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