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Title: Borophene as a prototype for synthetic 2D materials development

Abstract

The synthesis of 2D materials with no analogous bulk layered allotropes promises a substantial breadth of physical and chemical properties through the diverse structural options afforded by substrate-dependent epitaxy. However, despite the joint theoretical and experimental efforts to guide materials discovery, successful demonstrations of synthetic 2D materials have been rare. The recent synthesis of 2D boron polymorphs (that is, borophene) provides a notable example of such success. In this Perspective, we discuss recent progress and future opportunities for borophene research. Borophene combines unique mechanical properties with anisotropic metallicity, which complements the canon of conventional 2D materials. The multi-centre characteristics of boron-boron bonding lead to the formation of configurationally varied, vacancy-mediated structural motifs, providing unprecedented diversity in a mono-elemental 2D system with potential for electronic applications, chemical functionalization, materials synthesis and complex heterostructures. As a result, with its foundations in computationally guided synthesis, borophene can serve as a prototype for ongoing efforts to discover and exploit synthetic 2D materials.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5]
  1. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States); Nanjing Univ. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing (China)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  4. Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)
  5. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF); US Department of the Navy, Office of Naval Research (ONR); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC)
OSTI Identifier:
1482112
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Nanotechnology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 13; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1748-3387
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Mannix, Andrew J., Zhang, Zhuhua, Guisinger, Nathan P., Yakobson, Boris I., and Hersam, Mark C. Borophene as a prototype for synthetic 2D materials development. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41565-018-0157-4.
Mannix, Andrew J., Zhang, Zhuhua, Guisinger, Nathan P., Yakobson, Boris I., & Hersam, Mark C. Borophene as a prototype for synthetic 2D materials development. United States. doi:10.1038/s41565-018-0157-4.
Mannix, Andrew J., Zhang, Zhuhua, Guisinger, Nathan P., Yakobson, Boris I., and Hersam, Mark C. Wed . "Borophene as a prototype for synthetic 2D materials development". United States. doi:10.1038/s41565-018-0157-4. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1482112.
@article{osti_1482112,
title = {Borophene as a prototype for synthetic 2D materials development},
author = {Mannix, Andrew J. and Zhang, Zhuhua and Guisinger, Nathan P. and Yakobson, Boris I. and Hersam, Mark C.},
abstractNote = {The synthesis of 2D materials with no analogous bulk layered allotropes promises a substantial breadth of physical and chemical properties through the diverse structural options afforded by substrate-dependent epitaxy. However, despite the joint theoretical and experimental efforts to guide materials discovery, successful demonstrations of synthetic 2D materials have been rare. The recent synthesis of 2D boron polymorphs (that is, borophene) provides a notable example of such success. In this Perspective, we discuss recent progress and future opportunities for borophene research. Borophene combines unique mechanical properties with anisotropic metallicity, which complements the canon of conventional 2D materials. The multi-centre characteristics of boron-boron bonding lead to the formation of configurationally varied, vacancy-mediated structural motifs, providing unprecedented diversity in a mono-elemental 2D system with potential for electronic applications, chemical functionalization, materials synthesis and complex heterostructures. As a result, with its foundations in computationally guided synthesis, borophene can serve as a prototype for ongoing efforts to discover and exploit synthetic 2D materials.},
doi = {10.1038/s41565-018-0157-4},
journal = {Nature Nanotechnology},
number = 6,
volume = 13,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

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