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Title: Magnetism in two-dimensional van der Waals materials

Abstract

The discovery of materials has often introduced new physical paradigms and enabled the development of novel devices. Two-dimensional magnetism, which is associated with strong intrinsic spin fluctuations, has long been the focus of fundamental questions in condensed matter physics regarding our understanding and control of new phases. Here we discuss magnetic van der Waals materials: two-dimensional atomic crystals that contain magnetic elements and thus exhibit intrinsic magnetic properties. These cleavable materials provide the ideal platform for exploring magnetism in the two-dimensional limit, where new physical phenomena are expected, and represent a substantial shift in our ability to control and investigate nanoscale phases. Here, we present the theoretical background and motivation for investigating this class of crystals, describe the material landscape and the current experimental status of measurement techniques as well as devices, and discuss promising future directions for the study of magnetic van der Waals materials.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA (United States). Physics Dept.
  2. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Materials Science and Technology Division
  3. Center for Correlated Electron Systems, Inst. for Basic Science, Seoul (Korea); Seoul National Univ. (Korea, Republic of). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1481645
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature (London)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nature (London); Journal Volume: 563; Journal Issue: 7729; Journal ID: ISSN 0028-0836
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Burch, Kenneth S., Mandrus, David, and Park, Je-Geun. Magnetism in two-dimensional van der Waals materials. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0631-z.
Burch, Kenneth S., Mandrus, David, & Park, Je-Geun. Magnetism in two-dimensional van der Waals materials. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0631-z
Burch, Kenneth S., Mandrus, David, and Park, Je-Geun. Wed . "Magnetism in two-dimensional van der Waals materials". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0631-z. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1481645.
@article{osti_1481645,
title = {Magnetism in two-dimensional van der Waals materials},
author = {Burch, Kenneth S. and Mandrus, David and Park, Je-Geun},
abstractNote = {The discovery of materials has often introduced new physical paradigms and enabled the development of novel devices. Two-dimensional magnetism, which is associated with strong intrinsic spin fluctuations, has long been the focus of fundamental questions in condensed matter physics regarding our understanding and control of new phases. Here we discuss magnetic van der Waals materials: two-dimensional atomic crystals that contain magnetic elements and thus exhibit intrinsic magnetic properties. These cleavable materials provide the ideal platform for exploring magnetism in the two-dimensional limit, where new physical phenomena are expected, and represent a substantial shift in our ability to control and investigate nanoscale phases. Here, we present the theoretical background and motivation for investigating this class of crystals, describe the material landscape and the current experimental status of measurement techniques as well as devices, and discuss promising future directions for the study of magnetic van der Waals materials.},
doi = {10.1038/s41586-018-0631-z},
journal = {Nature (London)},
number = 7729,
volume = 563,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

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Cited by: 59 works
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