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Title: Toward a chemical reanalysis in a coupled chemistry-climate model: An evaluation of MOPITT CO assimilation and its impact on tropospheric composition

Abstract

Here, we examine in detail a 1 year global reanalysis of carbon monoxide (CO) that is based on joint assimilation of conventional meteorological observations and Measurement of Pollution in The Troposphere (MOPITT) multispectral CO retrievals in the Community Earth System Model (CESM). Our focus is to assess the impact to the chemical system when CO distribution is constrained in a coupled full chemistry-climate model like CESM. To do this, we first evaluate the joint reanalysis (MOPITT Reanalysis) against four sets of independent observations and compare its performance against a reanalysis with no MOPITT assimilation (Control Run). We then investigate the CO burden and chemical response with the aid of tagged sectoral CO tracers. We estimate the total tropospheric CO burden in 2002 (from ensemble mean and spread) to be 371 ± 12% Tg for MOPITT Reanalysis and 291 ± 9% Tg for Control Run. Our multispecies analysis of this difference suggests that (a) direct emissions of CO and hydrocarbons are too low in the inventory used in this study and (b) chemical oxidation, transport, and deposition processes are not accurately and consistently represented in the model. Increases in CO led to net reduction of OH and subsequent longer lifetime ofmore » CH4(Control Run: 8.7 years versus MOPITT Reanalysis: 9.3 years). Yet at the same time, this increase led to 5-10% enhancement of Northern Hemisphere O3 and overall photochemical activity via HOx recycling. Such nonlinear effects further complicate the attribution to uncertainties in direct emissions alone. This has implications to chemistry-climate modeling and inversion studies of longer-lived species.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [1];  [5];  [6];  [7]
  1. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States). Atmospheric Chemistry Observations and Modeling Lab.
  2. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States). Dept. of Atmospheric Sciences
  3. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States). Inst. for Mathematics Applied to Geosciences
  4. Max Planck Inst. for Chemistry, Mainz (Germany). Biogeochemistry Dept.
  5. Univ. of Bremen (Germany). Inst. of Environmental Physics (IUP)
  6. Univ. of Toronto, ON (Canada). Dept. of Physics
  7. Univ. of Wollongong, NSW (Australia)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23); National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA); National Science Foundation (NSF); Australian Research Council (ARC)
OSTI Identifier:
1480703
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; NNX13AK24G; NNX14AN47G; DP110101948; LE0668470
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; tropospheric composition; data assimilation; chemistry-climate modeling; satellite observations

Citation Formats

Gaubert, B., Arellano, A. F., Barré, J., Worden, H. M., Emmons, L. K., Tilmes, S., Buchholz, R. R., Vitt, F., Raeder, K., Collins, N., Anderson, J. L., Wiedinmyer, C., Martinez Alonso, S., Edwards, D. P., Andreae, M. O., Hannigan, J. W., Petri, C., Strong, K., and Jones, N. Toward a chemical reanalysis in a coupled chemistry-climate model: An evaluation of MOPITT CO assimilation and its impact on tropospheric composition. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1002/2016JD024863.
Gaubert, B., Arellano, A. F., Barré, J., Worden, H. M., Emmons, L. K., Tilmes, S., Buchholz, R. R., Vitt, F., Raeder, K., Collins, N., Anderson, J. L., Wiedinmyer, C., Martinez Alonso, S., Edwards, D. P., Andreae, M. O., Hannigan, J. W., Petri, C., Strong, K., & Jones, N. Toward a chemical reanalysis in a coupled chemistry-climate model: An evaluation of MOPITT CO assimilation and its impact on tropospheric composition. United States. doi:10.1002/2016JD024863.
Gaubert, B., Arellano, A. F., Barré, J., Worden, H. M., Emmons, L. K., Tilmes, S., Buchholz, R. R., Vitt, F., Raeder, K., Collins, N., Anderson, J. L., Wiedinmyer, C., Martinez Alonso, S., Edwards, D. P., Andreae, M. O., Hannigan, J. W., Petri, C., Strong, K., and Jones, N. Sat . "Toward a chemical reanalysis in a coupled chemistry-climate model: An evaluation of MOPITT CO assimilation and its impact on tropospheric composition". United States. doi:10.1002/2016JD024863. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1480703.
@article{osti_1480703,
title = {Toward a chemical reanalysis in a coupled chemistry-climate model: An evaluation of MOPITT CO assimilation and its impact on tropospheric composition},
author = {Gaubert, B. and Arellano, A. F. and Barré, J. and Worden, H. M. and Emmons, L. K. and Tilmes, S. and Buchholz, R. R. and Vitt, F. and Raeder, K. and Collins, N. and Anderson, J. L. and Wiedinmyer, C. and Martinez Alonso, S. and Edwards, D. P. and Andreae, M. O. and Hannigan, J. W. and Petri, C. and Strong, K. and Jones, N.},
abstractNote = {Here, we examine in detail a 1 year global reanalysis of carbon monoxide (CO) that is based on joint assimilation of conventional meteorological observations and Measurement of Pollution in The Troposphere (MOPITT) multispectral CO retrievals in the Community Earth System Model (CESM). Our focus is to assess the impact to the chemical system when CO distribution is constrained in a coupled full chemistry-climate model like CESM. To do this, we first evaluate the joint reanalysis (MOPITT Reanalysis) against four sets of independent observations and compare its performance against a reanalysis with no MOPITT assimilation (Control Run). We then investigate the CO burden and chemical response with the aid of tagged sectoral CO tracers. We estimate the total tropospheric CO burden in 2002 (from ensemble mean and spread) to be 371 ± 12% Tg for MOPITT Reanalysis and 291 ± 9% Tg for Control Run. Our multispecies analysis of this difference suggests that (a) direct emissions of CO and hydrocarbons are too low in the inventory used in this study and (b) chemical oxidation, transport, and deposition processes are not accurately and consistently represented in the model. Increases in CO led to net reduction of OH and subsequent longer lifetime of CH4(Control Run: 8.7 years versus MOPITT Reanalysis: 9.3 years). Yet at the same time, this increase led to 5-10% enhancement of Northern Hemisphere O3 and overall photochemical activity via HOx recycling. Such nonlinear effects further complicate the attribution to uncertainties in direct emissions alone. This has implications to chemistry-climate modeling and inversion studies of longer-lived species.},
doi = {10.1002/2016JD024863},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres},
number = 12,
volume = 121,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

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The Model of Emissions of Gases and Aerosols from Nature version 2.1 (MEGAN2.1): an extended and updated framework for modeling biogenic emissions
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Impact of model errors in convective transport on CO source estimates inferred from MOPITT CO retrievals: EFFECT OF CONVECTION ON INVERSION
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Assessing the impacts of assimilating IASI and MOPITT CO retrievals using CESM‐CAM‐chem and DART
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Modeling anthropogenically controlled secondary organic aerosols in a megacity: a simplified framework for global and climate models
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Quantifying CO emissions from the 2004 Alaskan wildfires using MOPITT CO data
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A comparison study of data assimilation algorithms for ozone forecasts
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Regional scale ozone data assimilation using an ensemble Kalman filter and the CHIMERE chemical transport model
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African CO emissions between years 2000 and 2006 as estimated from MOPITT observations
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Assimilation of IASI satellite CO fields into a global chemistry transport model for validation against aircraft measurements
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Sensitivity of top-down CO source estimates to the modeled vertical structure in atmospheric CO
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A Local Least Squares Framework for Ensemble Filtering
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Effects of the 2006 El Niño on tropospheric composition as revealed by data from the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES)
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The MOPITT Version 6 product: algorithm enhancements and validation
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Assimilation of the 2000–2001 CO MOPITT retrievals with optimized surface emissions
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Top-down estimates of global CO sources using MOPITT measurements
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Smoking Rain Clouds over the Amazon
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Parameterization improvements and functional and structural advances in Version 4 of the Community Land Model
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Grid-based versus big region approach for inverting CO emissions using Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) data
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Signature of tropical fires in the diurnal cycle of tropospheric CO as seen from Metop-A/IASI
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Satellite-observed pollution from Southern Hemisphere biomass burning
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Interannual variability in global biomass burning emissions from 1997 to 2004
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Spatially and temporally varying adaptive covariance inflation for ensemble filters
journal, January 2009


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    The CAMS interim Reanalysis of Carbon Monoxide, Ozone and Aerosol for 2003–2015
    journal, January 2017

    • Flemming, Johannes; Benedetti, Angela; Inness, Antje
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 17, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-17-1945-2017

    The CAMS interim Reanalysis of Carbon Monoxide, Ozone and Aerosol for 2003–2015
    journal, January 2017

    • Flemming, Johannes; Benedetti, Angela; Inness, Antje
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 17, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-17-1945-2017