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Title: Geyser eruption intervals and interactions: Examples from El Tatio, Atacama, Chile

Abstract

Here, we compare and contrast data collected in 2012 and 2014 from the El Tatio geyser field, Chile. We identify geyser systems that evolve over time, including changes in the interval between eruptions, development of new thermal features, and interactions between geysers. We study three different cases: (a) an isolated geyser, which is periodic and has nearly identical eruptions every cycle; (b) a geyser and coupled noneruptive pool, where the geyser has nonregular cycles and several preplay eruptions before the main eruption; and (c) two geysers and a mud volcano, which have nonregular cycles and are all interacting. Though geysers erupt with different styles, we recognize some common features: the conduit recharges with liquid during the quiescent period, bubbles enter the conduit before eruptions, and eruptions occur when water boils in the upper part of the conduit. The episodic addition of heat may govern the periodicity, while the depth where heat is added dictates the eruption style: conduits with deeper heat input are more likely to show preplay or minor eruptions. The interactions between thermal features can be explained by pressure transmission in subsurface permeable layers between geyser conduits.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Earth and Planetary Science
  2. Hiroshima Univ. (Japan)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1480695
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; EAR1114184
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-9313
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; geyser; conduit; eruption; bubble trap; hydrothermal system; geothermal

Citation Formats

Munoz-Saez, Carolina, Namiki, Atsuko, and Manga, Michael. Geyser eruption intervals and interactions: Examples from El Tatio, Atacama, Chile. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1002/2015JB012364.
Munoz-Saez, Carolina, Namiki, Atsuko, & Manga, Michael. Geyser eruption intervals and interactions: Examples from El Tatio, Atacama, Chile. United States. doi:10.1002/2015JB012364.
Munoz-Saez, Carolina, Namiki, Atsuko, and Manga, Michael. Sun . "Geyser eruption intervals and interactions: Examples from El Tatio, Atacama, Chile". United States. doi:10.1002/2015JB012364. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1480695.
@article{osti_1480695,
title = {Geyser eruption intervals and interactions: Examples from El Tatio, Atacama, Chile},
author = {Munoz-Saez, Carolina and Namiki, Atsuko and Manga, Michael},
abstractNote = {Here, we compare and contrast data collected in 2012 and 2014 from the El Tatio geyser field, Chile. We identify geyser systems that evolve over time, including changes in the interval between eruptions, development of new thermal features, and interactions between geysers. We study three different cases: (a) an isolated geyser, which is periodic and has nearly identical eruptions every cycle; (b) a geyser and coupled noneruptive pool, where the geyser has nonregular cycles and several preplay eruptions before the main eruption; and (c) two geysers and a mud volcano, which have nonregular cycles and are all interacting. Though geysers erupt with different styles, we recognize some common features: the conduit recharges with liquid during the quiescent period, bubbles enter the conduit before eruptions, and eruptions occur when water boils in the upper part of the conduit. The episodic addition of heat may govern the periodicity, while the depth where heat is added dictates the eruption style: conduits with deeper heat input are more likely to show preplay or minor eruptions. The interactions between thermal features can be explained by pressure transmission in subsurface permeable layers between geyser conduits.},
doi = {10.1002/2015JB012364},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth},
number = 11,
volume = 120,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {10}
}

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Cited by: 4 works
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