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Title: Accurate determination of density, surface tension, and vessel depth using a triple bubbler system

Abstract

Here, a triple bubbler sensor was developed for use in high temperature molten salt systems used in pyroprocessing to determine the density, surface tension, and depth of the molten salt. Preliminary bubbler testing was performed in aqueous solutions to calibrate and validate the bubbler sensor. Independently determined fluid property values and depths were compared to the calculated values and the percent differences were less than 0.16 %, 3.38 %, and 0.31 % for density, surface tension, and depth, respectively. In addition, uncertainties were within 0.04 %, 1.25 %, and 0.15 % for density, surface tension, and depth, respectively.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
OSTI Identifier:
1480489
Report Number(s):
INL/JOU-17-43836-Rev000
Journal ID: ISSN 1226-086X
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 63; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1226-086X
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
98 NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, SAFEGUARDS, AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION; Maximum Bubble Pressure; Safeguards; Material Accountancy; Pyroprocessing

Citation Formats

Williams, Ammon N., Galbreth, Greg G., and Sanders, Jeff. Accurate determination of density, surface tension, and vessel depth using a triple bubbler system. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jiec.2018.02.011.
Williams, Ammon N., Galbreth, Greg G., & Sanders, Jeff. Accurate determination of density, surface tension, and vessel depth using a triple bubbler system. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jiec.2018.02.011.
Williams, Ammon N., Galbreth, Greg G., and Sanders, Jeff. Wed . "Accurate determination of density, surface tension, and vessel depth using a triple bubbler system". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jiec.2018.02.011. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1480489.
@article{osti_1480489,
title = {Accurate determination of density, surface tension, and vessel depth using a triple bubbler system},
author = {Williams, Ammon N. and Galbreth, Greg G. and Sanders, Jeff},
abstractNote = {Here, a triple bubbler sensor was developed for use in high temperature molten salt systems used in pyroprocessing to determine the density, surface tension, and depth of the molten salt. Preliminary bubbler testing was performed in aqueous solutions to calibrate and validate the bubbler sensor. Independently determined fluid property values and depths were compared to the calculated values and the percent differences were less than 0.16 %, 3.38 %, and 0.31 % for density, surface tension, and depth, respectively. In addition, uncertainties were within 0.04 %, 1.25 %, and 0.15 % for density, surface tension, and depth, respectively.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jiec.2018.02.011},
journal = {Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry},
number = C,
volume = 63,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
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