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Title: X-Ray-Induced Changes to Passivation Layers of Lithium-Ion Battery Electrodes

Abstract

The surface sensitivity available to photoelectron spectroscopies (PESs) makes them popular techniques for characterization of chemical environments at shallower depths than other, more bulk-sensitive techniques and because they are generally thought to be nondestructive. Variable energy, synchrotron radiation (SR), permits access to information not available to common lab-based radiation sources, making high-energy PES studies extremely useful for understanding thin films and interfaces. High-SR photon flux has been useful for developing models of soft X-ray-induced effects, but hard X-ray SR-induced effects are less well studied and will be increasingly important as popularity and availability of SR for thin film analysis continues to grow. We report here on observed modification of the solid electrolyte interphase of a lithium-ion battery electrode during prolonged exposure to 4 keV SR. The effects can be summarized by desorption of oxygen-containing species from the sample surface and by reactions within the film. Also presented is an estimate of the layer thickness’ time evolution during the prolonged SR exposure.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Department of Physical Sciences, Rhode Island College, 600 Mount Pleasant Ave., Providence, RI 02908, USA
  2. Department of Physics, University of Rhode Island, 2 Lippitt Rd., Kingston, RI 02881, USA
  3. National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Dr., Gaithersburg, MD 20899, USA
  4. Department of Chemistry, University of Rhode Island, 140 Flagg Rd., Kingston, RI 02881, USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States); Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1480376
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1509478
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-98CH10886; SC0007074
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Spectroscopy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Spectroscopy Journal Volume: 2018; Journal ID: ISSN 2314-4920
Publisher:
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Country of Publication:
France
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Young, Benjamin T., Heskett, David R., Woicik, Joseph C., and Lucht, Brett L. X-Ray-Induced Changes to Passivation Layers of Lithium-Ion Battery Electrodes. France: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1155/2018/1075902.
Young, Benjamin T., Heskett, David R., Woicik, Joseph C., & Lucht, Brett L. X-Ray-Induced Changes to Passivation Layers of Lithium-Ion Battery Electrodes. France. doi:10.1155/2018/1075902.
Young, Benjamin T., Heskett, David R., Woicik, Joseph C., and Lucht, Brett L. Thu . "X-Ray-Induced Changes to Passivation Layers of Lithium-Ion Battery Electrodes". France. doi:10.1155/2018/1075902.
@article{osti_1480376,
title = {X-Ray-Induced Changes to Passivation Layers of Lithium-Ion Battery Electrodes},
author = {Young, Benjamin T. and Heskett, David R. and Woicik, Joseph C. and Lucht, Brett L.},
abstractNote = {The surface sensitivity available to photoelectron spectroscopies (PESs) makes them popular techniques for characterization of chemical environments at shallower depths than other, more bulk-sensitive techniques and because they are generally thought to be nondestructive. Variable energy, synchrotron radiation (SR), permits access to information not available to common lab-based radiation sources, making high-energy PES studies extremely useful for understanding thin films and interfaces. High-SR photon flux has been useful for developing models of soft X-ray-induced effects, but hard X-ray SR-induced effects are less well studied and will be increasingly important as popularity and availability of SR for thin film analysis continues to grow. We report here on observed modification of the solid electrolyte interphase of a lithium-ion battery electrode during prolonged exposure to 4 keV SR. The effects can be summarized by desorption of oxygen-containing species from the sample surface and by reactions within the film. Also presented is an estimate of the layer thickness’ time evolution during the prolonged SR exposure.},
doi = {10.1155/2018/1075902},
journal = {Journal of Spectroscopy},
number = ,
volume = 2018,
place = {France},
year = {2018},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1155/2018/1075902

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Individual 1s electron spectra for (CW from top left) C, P, Si, and O for BF-Si nanoparticle electrode after 20 charge/discharge cycles in FEC solvent, displayed in increments of 25min. of exposure to 4 keV photon flux (∼200 J of energy). Noise in the P 1s spectrum ismore » due to the small concentration of phosphorus in the SEI and the desire to minimize data collection time.« less

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.