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Title: Exclusive production of J / ψ + η c at the B factories Belle and BABAR using the principle of maximum conformality

Abstract

We predict the rate for exclusive double-charmonium production in electron-positron annihilation $${e}^{+}{e}^{{-}}{\rightarrow}J/{\psi}+{{\eta}}_{c}$$ using pQCD and the NRQCD framework for hard, heavy-quarkonium exclusive processes. The cross sections measured at the $B$-factories Belle and BABAR at $$\sqrt{s}=10.6\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{GeV}$$ disagree with the pQCD leading-order predictions by an order of magnitude. The predictions at next-to-leading order are, however, very sensitive to the choice of the renormalization scale, resulting in an apparent discrepancy between the theoretical prediction and the data. We show that this discrepancy can in fact be eliminated by applying the principle of maximum conformality (PMC) to set the renormalization scale. By carefully applying the PMC to different topologies of the annihilation process, one achieves precise pQCD predictions, together with improved perturbative convergence. We also observe that the single-photon-fragmentation QED correction is important, an effect that increases the total cross section by about 10%. The scale-fixed, scheme-independent cross section predicted by the PMC is $${{\sigma}}_{\text{tot}}{|}_{\text{PMC}}=20.3{5}_{{-}3.8}^{+3.5}\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{fb}$$, where the uncertainties come from the squared average of the errors due to the value of the charm mass and the uncertainty from the quarkonium wave functions at the origin. We find that the typical momentum flow of the process is 2.30 GeV, which explains the guessed choice of 2-3 GeV using conventional scale setting. The scale-fixed $${e}^{+}{e}^{{-}}{\rightarrow}J/{\psi}+{{\eta}}_{c}$$ cross section predicted by the PMC shows agreement with the Belle and BABAR measurements.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Guizhou Minzu Univ., Guiyang (China); Chongqing Univ. (China)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); Guizhou Provincial Dept. of Education (China); Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (China)
OSTI Identifier:
1480370
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1490398
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; 11705034; 11625520; KY[2017]135; KY[2016]028; 2018CDPTCG0001/3
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review D Journal Volume: 98 Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; quantum chromodynamics; quark model

Citation Formats

Sun, Zhan, Wu, Xing-Gang, Ma, Yang, and Brodsky, Stanley J. Exclusive production of J / ψ + η c at the B factories Belle and BABAR using the principle of maximum conformality. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.98.094001.
Sun, Zhan, Wu, Xing-Gang, Ma, Yang, & Brodsky, Stanley J. Exclusive production of J / ψ + η c at the B factories Belle and BABAR using the principle of maximum conformality. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.98.094001.
Sun, Zhan, Wu, Xing-Gang, Ma, Yang, and Brodsky, Stanley J. Thu . "Exclusive production of J / ψ + η c at the B factories Belle and BABAR using the principle of maximum conformality". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.98.094001.
@article{osti_1480370,
title = {Exclusive production of J / ψ + η c at the B factories Belle and BABAR using the principle of maximum conformality},
author = {Sun, Zhan and Wu, Xing-Gang and Ma, Yang and Brodsky, Stanley J.},
abstractNote = {We predict the rate for exclusive double-charmonium production in electron-positron annihilation ${e}^{+}{e}^{{-}}{\rightarrow}J/{\psi}+{{\eta}}_{c}$ using pQCD and the NRQCD framework for hard, heavy-quarkonium exclusive processes. The cross sections measured at the $B$-factories Belle and BABAR at $\sqrt{s}=10.6\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{GeV}$ disagree with the pQCD leading-order predictions by an order of magnitude. The predictions at next-to-leading order are, however, very sensitive to the choice of the renormalization scale, resulting in an apparent discrepancy between the theoretical prediction and the data. We show that this discrepancy can in fact be eliminated by applying the principle of maximum conformality (PMC) to set the renormalization scale. By carefully applying the PMC to different topologies of the annihilation process, one achieves precise pQCD predictions, together with improved perturbative convergence. We also observe that the single-photon-fragmentation QED correction is important, an effect that increases the total cross section by about 10%. The scale-fixed, scheme-independent cross section predicted by the PMC is ${{\sigma}}_{\text{tot}}{|}_{\text{PMC}}=20.3{5}_{{-}3.8}^{+3.5}\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{fb}$, where the uncertainties come from the squared average of the errors due to the value of the charm mass and the uncertainty from the quarkonium wave functions at the origin. We find that the typical momentum flow of the process is 2.30 GeV, which explains the guessed choice of 2-3 GeV using conventional scale setting. The scale-fixed ${e}^{+}{e}^{{-}}{\rightarrow}J/{\psi}+{{\eta}}_{c}$ cross section predicted by the PMC shows agreement with the Belle and BABAR measurements.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.98.094001},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 9,
volume = 98,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.98.094001

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Cited by: 2 works
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