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Title: Nanoscale Artificial Plasmonic Lattice in Self-Assembled Vertically Aligned Nitride-Metal Hybrid Metamaterials

Nanoscale metamaterials exhibit extraordinary optical properties and are proposed for various technological applications. Here, a new class of novel nanoscale two–phase hybrid metamaterials is achieved by combining two major classes of traditional plasmonic materials, metals (e.g., Au) and transition metal nitrides (e.g., TaN, TiN, and ZrN) in an epitaxial thin film form via the vertically aligned nanocomposite platform. By properly controlling the nucleation of the two phases, the nanoscale artificial plasmonic lattices (APLs) consisting of highly ordered hexagonal close packed Au nanopillars in a TaN matrix are demonstrated. More specifically, uniform Au nanopillars with an average diameter of 3 nm are embedded in epitaxial TaN platform and thus form highly 3D ordered APL nanoscale metamaterials. Novel optical properties include highly anisotropic reflectance, obvious nonlinear optical properties indicating inversion symmetry breaking of the hybrid material, large permittivity tuning and negative permittivity response over a broad wavelength regime, and superior mechanical strength and ductility. Furthermore, the study demonstrates the novelty of the new hybrid plasmonic scheme with great potentials in versatile material selection, and, tunable APL spacing and pillar dimension, all important steps toward future designable hybrid plasmonic materials.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [4] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [4] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
  2. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
  3. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  4. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-29546
Journal ID: ISSN 2198-3844
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2198-3844
Publisher:
Wiley
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC). Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Material Science; artificial plasmonic lattice; metal–nitride nanocomposites; metamaterials; plasmonics; self-assembly; vertically aligned nanocomposite
OSTI Identifier:
1480034

Huang, Jijie, Wang, Xuejing, Hogan, Nicki L., Wu, Shengxiang, Lu, Ping, Fan, Zhe, Dai, Yaomin, Zeng, Beibei, Starko-Bowes, Ryan, Jian, Jie, Wang, Han, Li, Leigang, Prasankumar, Rohit P., Yarotski, Dmitry, Sheldon, Matthew, Chen, Hou -Tong, Jacob, Zubin, Zhang, Xinghang, and Wang, Haiyan. Nanoscale Artificial Plasmonic Lattice in Self-Assembled Vertically Aligned Nitride-Metal Hybrid Metamaterials. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1002/advs.201800416.
Huang, Jijie, Wang, Xuejing, Hogan, Nicki L., Wu, Shengxiang, Lu, Ping, Fan, Zhe, Dai, Yaomin, Zeng, Beibei, Starko-Bowes, Ryan, Jian, Jie, Wang, Han, Li, Leigang, Prasankumar, Rohit P., Yarotski, Dmitry, Sheldon, Matthew, Chen, Hou -Tong, Jacob, Zubin, Zhang, Xinghang, & Wang, Haiyan. Nanoscale Artificial Plasmonic Lattice in Self-Assembled Vertically Aligned Nitride-Metal Hybrid Metamaterials. United States. doi:10.1002/advs.201800416.
Huang, Jijie, Wang, Xuejing, Hogan, Nicki L., Wu, Shengxiang, Lu, Ping, Fan, Zhe, Dai, Yaomin, Zeng, Beibei, Starko-Bowes, Ryan, Jian, Jie, Wang, Han, Li, Leigang, Prasankumar, Rohit P., Yarotski, Dmitry, Sheldon, Matthew, Chen, Hou -Tong, Jacob, Zubin, Zhang, Xinghang, and Wang, Haiyan. 2018. "Nanoscale Artificial Plasmonic Lattice in Self-Assembled Vertically Aligned Nitride-Metal Hybrid Metamaterials". United States. doi:10.1002/advs.201800416. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1480034.
@article{osti_1480034,
title = {Nanoscale Artificial Plasmonic Lattice in Self-Assembled Vertically Aligned Nitride-Metal Hybrid Metamaterials},
author = {Huang, Jijie and Wang, Xuejing and Hogan, Nicki L. and Wu, Shengxiang and Lu, Ping and Fan, Zhe and Dai, Yaomin and Zeng, Beibei and Starko-Bowes, Ryan and Jian, Jie and Wang, Han and Li, Leigang and Prasankumar, Rohit P. and Yarotski, Dmitry and Sheldon, Matthew and Chen, Hou -Tong and Jacob, Zubin and Zhang, Xinghang and Wang, Haiyan},
abstractNote = {Nanoscale metamaterials exhibit extraordinary optical properties and are proposed for various technological applications. Here, a new class of novel nanoscale two–phase hybrid metamaterials is achieved by combining two major classes of traditional plasmonic materials, metals (e.g., Au) and transition metal nitrides (e.g., TaN, TiN, and ZrN) in an epitaxial thin film form via the vertically aligned nanocomposite platform. By properly controlling the nucleation of the two phases, the nanoscale artificial plasmonic lattices (APLs) consisting of highly ordered hexagonal close packed Au nanopillars in a TaN matrix are demonstrated. More specifically, uniform Au nanopillars with an average diameter of 3 nm are embedded in epitaxial TaN platform and thus form highly 3D ordered APL nanoscale metamaterials. Novel optical properties include highly anisotropic reflectance, obvious nonlinear optical properties indicating inversion symmetry breaking of the hybrid material, large permittivity tuning and negative permittivity response over a broad wavelength regime, and superior mechanical strength and ductility. Furthermore, the study demonstrates the novelty of the new hybrid plasmonic scheme with great potentials in versatile material selection, and, tunable APL spacing and pillar dimension, all important steps toward future designable hybrid plasmonic materials.},
doi = {10.1002/advs.201800416},
journal = {Advanced Science},
number = 7,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

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