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Title: Rapid dissolution of surrogate nuclear debris using ammonium bifluoride fusion and indirect sonication dissolution methods

Abstract

Prompt analysis of elemental and isotopic information from post-detonation nuclear debris is critical for rapid attribution analysis. The capabilities of dissolution methods that use ammonium bifluoride (ABF, NH 4HF 2) and pressurized microwave digestion with HF acid are reported for NIST Surrogate Post-detonation Urban Debris (SPUD). Elemental concentration and isotope ratios were measured using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The SPUD material was also analyzed for U concentration using instrumental neutron activation analysis. Finally, the ABF dissolution method with a 10:1 ABF to sample ratio and the pressurized microwave digestion methods resulted in comparable results.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  3. Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States). Dept. of Chemistry. Research Reactor
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) (United States); Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1479990
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-23166
Journal ID: ISSN 0236-5731
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396; HDTRA1-15-1-0016; NRC-HQ-84-15-G-0036
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 318; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0236-5731
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY; nuclear forensics; surrogate nuclear explosion debris; ammonium bifluoride; dissolution

Citation Formats

Hubley, Nicholas T., Wegge, Dana L., Weilert, Taylor M., Leibman, Christopher P., Rearick, Michael S., Robertson, J. D., and Brockman, John D. Rapid dissolution of surrogate nuclear debris using ammonium bifluoride fusion and indirect sonication dissolution methods. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/s10967-018-6127-3.
Hubley, Nicholas T., Wegge, Dana L., Weilert, Taylor M., Leibman, Christopher P., Rearick, Michael S., Robertson, J. D., & Brockman, John D. Rapid dissolution of surrogate nuclear debris using ammonium bifluoride fusion and indirect sonication dissolution methods. United States. doi:10.1007/s10967-018-6127-3.
Hubley, Nicholas T., Wegge, Dana L., Weilert, Taylor M., Leibman, Christopher P., Rearick, Michael S., Robertson, J. D., and Brockman, John D. Sun . "Rapid dissolution of surrogate nuclear debris using ammonium bifluoride fusion and indirect sonication dissolution methods". United States. doi:10.1007/s10967-018-6127-3. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1479990.
@article{osti_1479990,
title = {Rapid dissolution of surrogate nuclear debris using ammonium bifluoride fusion and indirect sonication dissolution methods},
author = {Hubley, Nicholas T. and Wegge, Dana L. and Weilert, Taylor M. and Leibman, Christopher P. and Rearick, Michael S. and Robertson, J. D. and Brockman, John D.},
abstractNote = {Prompt analysis of elemental and isotopic information from post-detonation nuclear debris is critical for rapid attribution analysis. The capabilities of dissolution methods that use ammonium bifluoride (ABF, NH4HF2) and pressurized microwave digestion with HF acid are reported for NIST Surrogate Post-detonation Urban Debris (SPUD). Elemental concentration and isotope ratios were measured using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The SPUD material was also analyzed for U concentration using instrumental neutron activation analysis. Finally, the ABF dissolution method with a 10:1 ABF to sample ratio and the pressurized microwave digestion methods resulted in comparable results.},
doi = {10.1007/s10967-018-6127-3},
journal = {Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry},
number = 1,
volume = 318,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Development of synthetic nuclear melt glass for forensic analysis
journal, January 2015

  • Molgaard, Joshua J.; Auxier, John D.; Giminaro, Andrew V.
  • Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 304, Issue 3
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Total Rock Dissolution Using Ammonium Bifluoride (NH 4 HF 2 ) in Screw-Top Teflon Vials: A New Development in Open-Vessel Digestion
journal, November 2012

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Development of ammonium bifluoride fusion method for rapid dissolution of trinitite samples and analysis by ICP-MS
journal, August 2015

  • Hubley, Nickolas; Brown, John W. N.; Guthrie, James
  • Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 307, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10967-015-4371-3

Evaluation of ammonium bifluoride fusion for rapid dissolution in post-detonation nuclear forensic analysis
journal, January 2017

  • Hubley, Nicholas T.; Brockman, John D.; Robertson, J. David
  • Radiochimica Acta, Vol. 105, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1515/ract-2016-2735

Sonication assisted dissolution of post-detonation nuclear debris using ammonium bifluoride
journal, November 2017

  • Mason, Christian A.; Hubley, Nicholas T.; Robertson, J. David
  • Radiochimica Acta, Vol. 105, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1515/ract-2017-2802

Precise Elemental and Isotopic Analyses in Silicate Samples Employing ICP-MS: Application of Hydrofluoric Acid Solution and Analytical Techniques
journal, January 2009

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  • DOI: 10.2116/analsci.25.1181

Measurement of Uranium Isotope Ratios in Keratinous Materials: A Noninvasive Bioassay for Special Nuclear Material
journal, August 2016


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Development of synthetic nuclear melt glass for forensic analysis
    journal, January 2015

    • Molgaard, Joshua J.; Auxier, John D.; Giminaro, Andrew V.
    • Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 304, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1007/s10967-015-3941-8

    Development of ammonium bifluoride fusion method for rapid dissolution of trinitite samples and analysis by ICP-MS
    journal, August 2015

    • Hubley, Nickolas; Brown, John W. N.; Guthrie, James
    • Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 307, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1007/s10967-015-4371-3

    Total Rock Dissolution Using Ammonium Bifluoride (NH 4 HF 2 ) in Screw-Top Teflon Vials: A New Development in Open-Vessel Digestion
    journal, November 2012

    • Zhang, Wen; Hu, Zhaochu; Liu, Yongsheng
    • Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 84, Issue 24
    • DOI: 10.1021/ac302327g

    Measurement of Uranium Isotope Ratios in Keratinous Materials: A Noninvasive Bioassay for Special Nuclear Material
    journal, August 2016


    Evaluation of ammonium bifluoride fusion for rapid dissolution in post-detonation nuclear forensic analysis
    journal, January 2017

    • Hubley, Nicholas T.; Brockman, John D.; Robertson, J. David
    • Radiochimica Acta, Vol. 105, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1515/ract-2016-2735

    Sonication assisted dissolution of post-detonation nuclear debris using ammonium bifluoride
    journal, November 2017

    • Mason, Christian A.; Hubley, Nicholas T.; Robertson, J. David
    • Radiochimica Acta, Vol. 105, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1515/ract-2017-2802

    Precise Elemental and Isotopic Analyses in Silicate Samples Employing ICP-MS: Application of Hydrofluoric Acid Solution and Analytical Techniques
    journal, January 2009

    • Makishima, Akio; Tanaka, Ryoji; Nakamura, Eizo
    • Analytical Sciences, Vol. 25, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.2116/analsci.25.1181