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Title: Ultrashort Carbon Nanotubes That Fluoresce Brightly in the Near-Infrared

Abstract

The intrinsic near-infrared photoluminescence observed in long single-walled carbon nanotubes is known to be quenched in ultrashort nanotubes due to their tiny size as compared to the exciton diffusion length in these materials (>100 nm). Here in this study, we show that intense photoluminescence can be created in ultrashort nanotubes (~40 nm length) upon incorporation of exciton-trapping sp3 defect sites. Using super-resolution photoluminescence imaging at <25 nm resolution, we directly show the preferential localization of excitons at the nanotube ends, which separate by less than 40 nm and behave as independent emitters. Lastly, this unexpected observation opens the possibility to synthesize fluorescent ultrashort nanotubes—a goal that has been long thought impossible—for bioimaging applications, where bright near-infrared photoluminescence and small size are highly desirable, and for quantum information science, where high quality and well-controlled near-infrared single photon emitters are needed.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. Bordeaux (France); Institut d’Optique & CNRS (France)
  2. Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1479935
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-20557
Journal ID: ISSN 1936-0851
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Nano
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1936-0851
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; doping; emission centers; exciton localization; photoluminescence; single molecules; super-resolution microscopy; ultrashort carbon nanotube

Citation Formats

Danné, Noémie, Kim, Mijin, Godin, Antoine G., Kwon, Hyejin, Gao, Zhenghong, Wu, Xiaojian, Hartmann, Nicolai F., Doorn, Stephen K., Lounis, Brahim, Wang, YuHuang, and Cognet, Laurent. Ultrashort Carbon Nanotubes That Fluoresce Brightly in the Near-Infrared. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1021/acsnano.8b02307.
Danné, Noémie, Kim, Mijin, Godin, Antoine G., Kwon, Hyejin, Gao, Zhenghong, Wu, Xiaojian, Hartmann, Nicolai F., Doorn, Stephen K., Lounis, Brahim, Wang, YuHuang, & Cognet, Laurent. Ultrashort Carbon Nanotubes That Fluoresce Brightly in the Near-Infrared. United States. doi:10.1021/acsnano.8b02307.
Danné, Noémie, Kim, Mijin, Godin, Antoine G., Kwon, Hyejin, Gao, Zhenghong, Wu, Xiaojian, Hartmann, Nicolai F., Doorn, Stephen K., Lounis, Brahim, Wang, YuHuang, and Cognet, Laurent. Mon . "Ultrashort Carbon Nanotubes That Fluoresce Brightly in the Near-Infrared". United States. doi:10.1021/acsnano.8b02307. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1479935.
@article{osti_1479935,
title = {Ultrashort Carbon Nanotubes That Fluoresce Brightly in the Near-Infrared},
author = {Danné, Noémie and Kim, Mijin and Godin, Antoine G. and Kwon, Hyejin and Gao, Zhenghong and Wu, Xiaojian and Hartmann, Nicolai F. and Doorn, Stephen K. and Lounis, Brahim and Wang, YuHuang and Cognet, Laurent},
abstractNote = {The intrinsic near-infrared photoluminescence observed in long single-walled carbon nanotubes is known to be quenched in ultrashort nanotubes due to their tiny size as compared to the exciton diffusion length in these materials (>100 nm). Here in this study, we show that intense photoluminescence can be created in ultrashort nanotubes (~40 nm length) upon incorporation of exciton-trapping sp3 defect sites. Using super-resolution photoluminescence imaging at <25 nm resolution, we directly show the preferential localization of excitons at the nanotube ends, which separate by less than 40 nm and behave as independent emitters. Lastly, this unexpected observation opens the possibility to synthesize fluorescent ultrashort nanotubes—a goal that has been long thought impossible—for bioimaging applications, where bright near-infrared photoluminescence and small size are highly desirable, and for quantum information science, where high quality and well-controlled near-infrared single photon emitters are needed.},
doi = {10.1021/acsnano.8b02307},
journal = {ACS Nano},
number = 6,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

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Cited by: 17 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Brightening of ultrashort SWCNTs through fluorescent quantum defects. (a) Cumulative distribution of ultrashort nanotubes lengths measured by AFM (N=88, median= 43 nm, 1st /3rd quartile= 24/69 nm). (b), Distribution of ultrashort nanotubes absorption signals measured by PhI (N=472) which also reflects the nanotube lengths distribution but with bettermore » statistics. (c) 2D PL map of ultrashort nanotubes shows no luminescence. (d) single molecule imaging of ultrashort nanotubes is not observed. (e) 2D PL map of fluorescent ultrashort nanotubes reveals bright luminescence. (f) single molecule imaging of fluorescent ultrashort nanotubes is clearly observed. (g) Distribution of fluorescent ultrashort nanotubes PL signals (N=265) mirrors nanotube length distributions in (a) and (b).« less

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Works referencing / citing this record:

Self‐Sorting of 10‐µm‐Long Single‐Walled Carbon Nanotubes in Aqueous Solution
journal, June 2019

  • Wang, Peng; Barnes, Benjamin; Wu, Xiaojian
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 31, Issue 33
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201901641

Creating fluorescent quantum defects in carbon nanotubes using hypochlorite and light
journal, June 2019


Self‐Sorting of 10‐µm‐Long Single‐Walled Carbon Nanotubes in Aqueous Solution
journal, June 2019

  • Wang, Peng; Barnes, Benjamin; Wu, Xiaojian
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 31, Issue 33
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201901641

Creating fluorescent quantum defects in carbon nanotubes using hypochlorite and light
journal, June 2019


    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.