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Title: Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning relations in European forests depend on environmental context

Abstract

The importance of biodiversity in supporting ecosystem functioning is generally well accepted. However, most evidence comes from small-scale studies, and scaling-up patterns of biodiversity–ecosystem functioning (B-EF) remains challenging, in part because the importance of environmental factors in shaping B-EF relations is poorly understood. In this study, using a forest research platform in which 26 ecosystem functions were measured along gradients of tree species richness in six regions across Europe, we investigated the extent and the potential drivers of context dependency of B-EF relations. Despite considerable variation in species richness effects across the continent, we found a tendency for stronger B-EF relations in drier climates as well as in areas with longer growing seasons and more functionally diverse tree species. Finally, the importance of water availability in driving context dependency suggests that as water limitation increases under climate change, biodiversity may become even more important to support high levels of functioning in European forests.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [1];  [10];  [6];  [8];  [5];  [11]; ORCiD logo [12];  [13];  [14];  [15];  [16] more »;  [17];  [18];  [19];  [19];  [7];  [20];  [21];  [11];  [22];  [23];  [24];  [25];  [23];  [16];  [25]; ORCiD logo [26];  [27];  [28];  [29];  [28];  [5];  [18];  [30];  [5];  [13];  [31];  [32];  [33];  [34];  [35];  [36];  [13];  [37];  [38];  [8];  [33];  [6] « less
  1. University of Leipzig (Germany)
  2. University of Leipzig (Germany); German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle‐Jena‐Leipzig (Germany); Max‐Planck‐Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena (Germany)
  3. Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom); CSIRO Land and Water Flagship, WA (Australia)
  4. University of Bern (Switzerland); Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung, Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre, Frankfurt (Germany)
  5. University of Freiburg (Germany)
  6. Ghent University, Melle‐Gontrode (Belgium)
  7. University of Bern (Switzerland)
  8. MNCN‐CSIC, Madrid (Spain)
  9. German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle‐Jena‐Leipzig (Germany); Martin Luther University Halle‐Wittenberg, Halle (Saale) (Germany)
  10. Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal, QC (Canada)
  11. INRA, UMR EEF, Champenoux (France)
  12. Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Suceava (Romania)
  13. University of Firenze (Italy)
  14. University of Liège (Belgium)
  15. INRA, UMR, Cestas (France)
  16. University of Warsaw, Białowieża (Poland)
  17. Wollo University, Dessie (Ethiopia)
  18. University of Leuven (Belgium)
  19. Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), Joensuu (Finland)
  20. Forest Research Institute of Thessaloniki, Greek Agricultural Organization‐Dimitra, Thessaloniki (Greece)
  21. Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Birmensdorf (Switzerland)
  22. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  23. INRA, UMR, Cestas (France); University Bordeaux, BIOGECO, Pessac (France)
  24. University of Freiburg (Germany); Institute for Terrestrial Ecosystems, ETH Zurich (Switzerland)
  25. University of Montpellier – University Paul‐Valery Montpellier – EPHE) (France)
  26. German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle‐Jena‐Leipzig (Germany); Martin Luther University Halle‐Wittenberg, Halle (Saale) (Germany); Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ, Halle (Germany)
  27. Forest Research Institute Baden Wuerttemberg, Freiburg im Breisgau (Germany)
  28. Royal Holloway University of London, Egham (United Kingdom)
  29. University of Leipzig (Germany); German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle‐Jena‐Leipzig (Germany)
  30. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala (Sweden); Uppsala University (Sweden)
  31. German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle‐Jena‐Leipzig (Germany)
  32. Democritus University of Thrace (DUTH), Nea Orestiada (Greece)
  33. University of Copenhagen (Denmark)
  34. University of Gothenburg, Göteborg (Sweden)
  35. Universidad de Alcalá, Madrid (Spain)
  36. University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Vienna (Austria)
  37. Université du Québec, Trois‐Rivières, QC (Canada); Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  38. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala (Sweden)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1479924
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-28670
Journal ID: ISSN 1461-023X
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Ecology Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 20; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 1461-023X
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 58 GEOSCIENCES; Functional diversity; FunDivEUROPE; growing season length; multifunctionality; resource heterogeneity; species richness; water availability

Citation Formats

Ratcliffe, Sophia, Wirth, Christian, Jucker, Tommaso, van der Plas, Fons, Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael, Verheyen, Kris, Allan, Eric, Benavides, Raquel, Bruelheide, Helge, Ohse, Bettina, Paquette, Alain, Ampoorter, Evy, Bastias, Cristina C., Bauhus, Jürgen, Bonal, Damien, Bouriaud, Olivier, Bussotti, Filippo, Carnol, Monique, Castagneyrol, Bastien, Chećko, Ewa, Dawud, Seid Muhie, Wandeler, Hans De, Domisch, Timo, Finér, Leena, Fischer, Markus, Fotelli, Mariangela, Gessler, Arthur, Granier, André, Grossiord, Charlotte, Guyot, Virginie, Haase, Josephine, Hättenschwiler, Stephan, Jactel, Hervé, Jaroszewicz, Bogdan, Joly, François-Xavier, Kambach, Stephan, Kolb, Simon, Koricheva, Julia, Liebersgesell, Mario, Milligan, Harriet, Müller, Sandra, Muys, Bart, Nguyen, Diem, Nock, Charles, Pollastrini, Martina, Purschke, Oliver, Radoglou, Kalliopi, Raulund-Rasmussen, Karsten, Roger, Fabian, Ruiz-Benito, Paloma, Seidl, Rupert, Selvi, Federico, Seiferling, Ian, Stenlid, Jan, Valladares, Fernando, Vesterdal, Lars, and Baeten, Lander. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning relations in European forests depend on environmental context. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1111/ele.12849.
Ratcliffe, Sophia, Wirth, Christian, Jucker, Tommaso, van der Plas, Fons, Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael, Verheyen, Kris, Allan, Eric, Benavides, Raquel, Bruelheide, Helge, Ohse, Bettina, Paquette, Alain, Ampoorter, Evy, Bastias, Cristina C., Bauhus, Jürgen, Bonal, Damien, Bouriaud, Olivier, Bussotti, Filippo, Carnol, Monique, Castagneyrol, Bastien, Chećko, Ewa, Dawud, Seid Muhie, Wandeler, Hans De, Domisch, Timo, Finér, Leena, Fischer, Markus, Fotelli, Mariangela, Gessler, Arthur, Granier, André, Grossiord, Charlotte, Guyot, Virginie, Haase, Josephine, Hättenschwiler, Stephan, Jactel, Hervé, Jaroszewicz, Bogdan, Joly, François-Xavier, Kambach, Stephan, Kolb, Simon, Koricheva, Julia, Liebersgesell, Mario, Milligan, Harriet, Müller, Sandra, Muys, Bart, Nguyen, Diem, Nock, Charles, Pollastrini, Martina, Purschke, Oliver, Radoglou, Kalliopi, Raulund-Rasmussen, Karsten, Roger, Fabian, Ruiz-Benito, Paloma, Seidl, Rupert, Selvi, Federico, Seiferling, Ian, Stenlid, Jan, Valladares, Fernando, Vesterdal, Lars, & Baeten, Lander. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning relations in European forests depend on environmental context. United States. doi:10.1111/ele.12849.
Ratcliffe, Sophia, Wirth, Christian, Jucker, Tommaso, van der Plas, Fons, Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael, Verheyen, Kris, Allan, Eric, Benavides, Raquel, Bruelheide, Helge, Ohse, Bettina, Paquette, Alain, Ampoorter, Evy, Bastias, Cristina C., Bauhus, Jürgen, Bonal, Damien, Bouriaud, Olivier, Bussotti, Filippo, Carnol, Monique, Castagneyrol, Bastien, Chećko, Ewa, Dawud, Seid Muhie, Wandeler, Hans De, Domisch, Timo, Finér, Leena, Fischer, Markus, Fotelli, Mariangela, Gessler, Arthur, Granier, André, Grossiord, Charlotte, Guyot, Virginie, Haase, Josephine, Hättenschwiler, Stephan, Jactel, Hervé, Jaroszewicz, Bogdan, Joly, François-Xavier, Kambach, Stephan, Kolb, Simon, Koricheva, Julia, Liebersgesell, Mario, Milligan, Harriet, Müller, Sandra, Muys, Bart, Nguyen, Diem, Nock, Charles, Pollastrini, Martina, Purschke, Oliver, Radoglou, Kalliopi, Raulund-Rasmussen, Karsten, Roger, Fabian, Ruiz-Benito, Paloma, Seidl, Rupert, Selvi, Federico, Seiferling, Ian, Stenlid, Jan, Valladares, Fernando, Vesterdal, Lars, and Baeten, Lander. Mon . "Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning relations in European forests depend on environmental context". United States. doi:10.1111/ele.12849. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1479924.
@article{osti_1479924,
title = {Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning relations in European forests depend on environmental context},
author = {Ratcliffe, Sophia and Wirth, Christian and Jucker, Tommaso and van der Plas, Fons and Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael and Verheyen, Kris and Allan, Eric and Benavides, Raquel and Bruelheide, Helge and Ohse, Bettina and Paquette, Alain and Ampoorter, Evy and Bastias, Cristina C. and Bauhus, Jürgen and Bonal, Damien and Bouriaud, Olivier and Bussotti, Filippo and Carnol, Monique and Castagneyrol, Bastien and Chećko, Ewa and Dawud, Seid Muhie and Wandeler, Hans De and Domisch, Timo and Finér, Leena and Fischer, Markus and Fotelli, Mariangela and Gessler, Arthur and Granier, André and Grossiord, Charlotte and Guyot, Virginie and Haase, Josephine and Hättenschwiler, Stephan and Jactel, Hervé and Jaroszewicz, Bogdan and Joly, François-Xavier and Kambach, Stephan and Kolb, Simon and Koricheva, Julia and Liebersgesell, Mario and Milligan, Harriet and Müller, Sandra and Muys, Bart and Nguyen, Diem and Nock, Charles and Pollastrini, Martina and Purschke, Oliver and Radoglou, Kalliopi and Raulund-Rasmussen, Karsten and Roger, Fabian and Ruiz-Benito, Paloma and Seidl, Rupert and Selvi, Federico and Seiferling, Ian and Stenlid, Jan and Valladares, Fernando and Vesterdal, Lars and Baeten, Lander},
abstractNote = {The importance of biodiversity in supporting ecosystem functioning is generally well accepted. However, most evidence comes from small-scale studies, and scaling-up patterns of biodiversity–ecosystem functioning (B-EF) remains challenging, in part because the importance of environmental factors in shaping B-EF relations is poorly understood. In this study, using a forest research platform in which 26 ecosystem functions were measured along gradients of tree species richness in six regions across Europe, we investigated the extent and the potential drivers of context dependency of B-EF relations. Despite considerable variation in species richness effects across the continent, we found a tendency for stronger B-EF relations in drier climates as well as in areas with longer growing seasons and more functionally diverse tree species. Finally, the importance of water availability in driving context dependency suggests that as water limitation increases under climate change, biodiversity may become even more important to support high levels of functioning in European forests.},
doi = {10.1111/ele.12849},
journal = {Ecology Letters},
number = 11,
volume = 20,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

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