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Title: Detection of uranyl fluoride and sand surface contamination on metal substrates by hand-held laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy

Abstract

Here, a hand-held device for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy has been investigated for the determination of uranyl fluoride surface contamination. This research demonstrates the ability to successfully detect uranium on surfaces when using a low resolving power (λ/Δλ=4000) spectrograph, with a 5 mJ energy per 1 ns pulsed laser radiation, available as a commercially packaged hand-held system. Sand/uranyl fluoride mixtures are prepared to simulate residue likely encountered during decontamination efforts at facilities that handle uranium hexafluoride. Detection limits are described for four uranium lines with one revealing the capability to detect uranium at a level of 250 parts per million. Lastly, advantages of the studied compact device include that location specific information can be obtained on-site to augment contamination identification.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Department of Nuclear Engineering; INS—The Institute for Nuclear Security, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  2. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Department of Nuclear Engineering
  3. Y-12 National Security Complex, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. University of Tennessee, University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, TN (United States). Department of Physics and Astronomy
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant (Y-12), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1479884
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1412618
Report Number(s):
[IROS6851_2]
[Journal ID: ISSN 1559-128X; APOPAI]
Grant/Contract Number:  
[NA0003180]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Optics
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 36]; Journal ID: ISSN 1559-128X
Publisher:
Optical Society of America
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Laser-induced breakdown; Spectroscopy; surface; Emission; laser

Citation Formats

Shattan, Michael B., Miller, Dorothy J., Cook, Matthew T., Stowe, Ashley C., Auxier, John D., Parigger, Christian, and Hall, Howard L. Detection of uranyl fluoride and sand surface contamination on metal substrates by hand-held laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1364/ao.56.009868.
Shattan, Michael B., Miller, Dorothy J., Cook, Matthew T., Stowe, Ashley C., Auxier, John D., Parigger, Christian, & Hall, Howard L. Detection of uranyl fluoride and sand surface contamination on metal substrates by hand-held laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. United States. doi:10.1364/ao.56.009868.
Shattan, Michael B., Miller, Dorothy J., Cook, Matthew T., Stowe, Ashley C., Auxier, John D., Parigger, Christian, and Hall, Howard L. Thu . "Detection of uranyl fluoride and sand surface contamination on metal substrates by hand-held laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy". United States. doi:10.1364/ao.56.009868. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1479884.
@article{osti_1479884,
title = {Detection of uranyl fluoride and sand surface contamination on metal substrates by hand-held laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy},
author = {Shattan, Michael B. and Miller, Dorothy J. and Cook, Matthew T. and Stowe, Ashley C. and Auxier, John D. and Parigger, Christian and Hall, Howard L.},
abstractNote = {Here, a hand-held device for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy has been investigated for the determination of uranyl fluoride surface contamination. This research demonstrates the ability to successfully detect uranium on surfaces when using a low resolving power (λ/Δλ=4000) spectrograph, with a 5 mJ energy per 1 ns pulsed laser radiation, available as a commercially packaged hand-held system. Sand/uranyl fluoride mixtures are prepared to simulate residue likely encountered during decontamination efforts at facilities that handle uranium hexafluoride. Detection limits are described for four uranium lines with one revealing the capability to detect uranium at a level of 250 parts per million. Lastly, advantages of the studied compact device include that location specific information can be obtained on-site to augment contamination identification.},
doi = {10.1364/ao.56.009868},
journal = {Applied Optics},
number = [36],
volume = [56],
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

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Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 1 work
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: UO2F2 Sample (a), and Sample 1 powder affixed to a stainless steel planchette (b).

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