skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Subsurface Structure of Long Valley Caldera Imaged With Seismic Scattering and Intrinsic Attenuation

Abstract

Here we image seismic intrinsic (Q i -1) and scattering (Q s -1) attenuations in Long Valley Caldera, California, by analyzing more than 1,700 vertical component waveforms from local earthquakes. Observed energy envelopes are fit to the diffusion model and seismic attenuation images are produced using two-dimensional space weighting functions. Low intrinsic and low scattering attenuation anomalies in the center south of the caldera correspond to the location of an earthquake swarm in 2014. We identify high intrinsic and high scattering attenuation anomalies in the fluid-rich western and eastern areas of the caldera. From a comparison with other geophysical images (magnetotellurics and seismic tomography) we attribute these anomalies to a hydrothermal system (high attenuation). Average to high attenuation values are also observed at the adjacent Mammoth Mountain (southwest of the caldera) and may also have a hydrothermal origin. High intrinsic attenuation at low frequencies to the west of the Hartley Springs Fault may be produced by the magmatic system that produced the Inyo Craters. Finally, seismic attenuation imaging provides insights into subsurface structures that are complementary to velocity and conductivity images.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Earth and Planetary Science. Berkeley Seismological Lab.; Univ. of Granada (Spain). Andalusian Inst. of Geophysics
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Earth and Planetary Science. Berkeley Seismological Lab.
  3. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Berkeley Seismological Lab.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of Granada (Spain)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; National Science Foundation (NSF); Ministry of Economy and Business (MINECO) (Spain); European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
OSTI Identifier:
1479424
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; NSF-1521855; TEC2015-68752
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 123; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-9313
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; seismic attenuation; seismic imaging; scattering; Long Valley Caldera

Citation Formats

Prudencio, J., Manga, M., and Taira, T. Subsurface Structure of Long Valley Caldera Imaged With Seismic Scattering and Intrinsic Attenuation. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1029/2017JB014986.
Prudencio, J., Manga, M., & Taira, T. Subsurface Structure of Long Valley Caldera Imaged With Seismic Scattering and Intrinsic Attenuation. United States. doi:10.1029/2017JB014986.
Prudencio, J., Manga, M., and Taira, T. Thu . "Subsurface Structure of Long Valley Caldera Imaged With Seismic Scattering and Intrinsic Attenuation". United States. doi:10.1029/2017JB014986. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1479424.
@article{osti_1479424,
title = {Subsurface Structure of Long Valley Caldera Imaged With Seismic Scattering and Intrinsic Attenuation},
author = {Prudencio, J. and Manga, M. and Taira, T.},
abstractNote = {Here we image seismic intrinsic (Qi-1) and scattering (Qs-1) attenuations in Long Valley Caldera, California, by analyzing more than 1,700 vertical component waveforms from local earthquakes. Observed energy envelopes are fit to the diffusion model and seismic attenuation images are produced using two-dimensional space weighting functions. Low intrinsic and low scattering attenuation anomalies in the center south of the caldera correspond to the location of an earthquake swarm in 2014. We identify high intrinsic and high scattering attenuation anomalies in the fluid-rich western and eastern areas of the caldera. From a comparison with other geophysical images (magnetotellurics and seismic tomography) we attribute these anomalies to a hydrothermal system (high attenuation). Average to high attenuation values are also observed at the adjacent Mammoth Mountain (southwest of the caldera) and may also have a hydrothermal origin. High intrinsic attenuation at low frequencies to the west of the Hartley Springs Fault may be produced by the magmatic system that produced the Inyo Craters. Finally, seismic attenuation imaging provides insights into subsurface structures that are complementary to velocity and conductivity images.},
doi = {10.1029/2017JB014986},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth},
number = 7,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Viscoelastic properties of fluid-saturated cracked solids
journal, December 1977

  • O'Connell, Richard J.; Budiansky, Bernard
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 82, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1029/JB082i036p05719

Migrating swarms of brittle-failure earthquakes in the lower crust beneath Mammoth Mountain, California: LOWER-CRUSTAL EARTHQUAKE SWARMS
journal, October 2011

  • Shelly, David R.; Hill, David P.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011GL049336

Hydrothermal fluid flow and deformation in large calderas: Inferences from numerical simulations
journal, January 2007

  • Hurwitz, Shaul; Christiansen, Lizet B.; Hsieh, Paul A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 112, Issue B2
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006JB004689

The intrusive process leading to the Mt. Etna 2001 flank eruption: Constraints from 3-D attenuation tomography
journal, January 2005

  • Martínez-Arévalo, Carmen; Patanè, Domenico; Rietbrock, Andreas
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 32, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005GL023736

Evidence for the contemporary magmatic system beneath Long Valley Caldera from local earthquake tomography and receiver function analysis
journal, January 2011

  • Seccia, D.; Chiarabba, C.; De Gori, P.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116, Issue B12
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011JB008471

3D Attenuation Tomography of the Volcanic Island of Tenerife (Canary Islands)
journal, August 2015


The mechanics of unrest at Long Valley caldera, California. 2. Constraining the nature of the source using geodetic and micro-gravity data
journal, October 2003


Geotomography with local earthquake data
journal, November 1988


Computed Seismic Speeds and Attenuation in Rocks with Partial gas Saturation
journal, April 1975


Volcanological perspectives on Long Valley, Mammoth Mountain, and Mono Craters: several contiguous but discrete systems
journal, September 2004


Two-dimensional seismic attenuation images of Stromboli Island using active data
journal, March 2015

  • Prudencio, J.; Del Pezzo, E.; Ibáñez, J. M.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL063293

Intrinsic and scattering attenuation images of Usu volcano, Japan
journal, March 2017


Radiative transfer and diffusion of waves in a layered medium: new insight into coda Q
journal, August 1998


Monte Carlo simulation of seismogram envelopes in scattering media
journal, March 2000

  • Yoshimoto, Kazuo
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 105, Issue B3
  • DOI: 10.1029/1999JB900437

Volcano topography, structure and intrinsic attenuation: Their relative influences on a simulated 3D visco-elastic wavefield
journal, May 2009


Magmatic unrest beneath Mammoth Mountain, California
journal, September 2005


Renewed inflation of Long Valley Caldera, California (2011 to 2014): LONG VALLEY INFLATION 2011-2014
journal, July 2015

  • Montgomery-Brown, E. K.; Wicks, C. W.; Cervelli, P. F.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL064338

Carbon dioxide emissions from vegetation-kill zones around the resurgent dome of Long Valley caldera, eastern California, USA
journal, April 2006

  • Bergfeld, Deborah; Evans, William C.; Howle, James F.
  • Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Vol. 152, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2005.11.003

Spatial distribution of intrinsic and scattering seismic attenuation in active volcanic islands – II: Deception Island images
journal, October 2013

  • Prudencio, Janire; Ibáñez, Jesús M.; García-Yeguas, Araceli
  • Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 195, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggt360

Spatial distribution of intrinsic and scattering seismic attenuation in active volcanic islands - I: model and the case of Tenerife Island
journal, October 2013

  • Prudencio, J.; Del Pezzo, E.; Garcia-Yeguas, A.
  • Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 195, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggt361

Wave attenuation in partially saturated rocks
journal, February 1979


New evidence on the hydrothermal system in Long Valley caldera, California, from wells, fluid sampling, electrical geophysics, and age determinations of hot-spring deposits
journal, December 1991

  • Sorey, Michael L.; Suemnicht, Gene A.; Sturchio, Neil C.
  • Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Vol. 48, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1016/0377-0273(91)90045-2

Crystallization history of rhyolites at Long Valley, California, inferred from combined U-series and Rb-Sr isotope systematics
journal, May 2002


Relations between seismicity and deformation during unrest in Long Valley Caldera, California, from 1995 through 1999
journal, October 2003

  • Hill, David P.; Langbein, John O.; Prejean, Stephanie
  • Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Vol. 127, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0377-0273(03)00169-0

Velocity and attenuation in partially molten rocks
journal, January 1980


Numerical models of caldera deformation: Effects of multiphase and multicomponent hydrothermal fluid flow
journal, January 2009

  • Hutnak, M.; Hurwitz, S.; Ingebritsen, S. E.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 114, Issue B4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008JB006151

Fluid-faulting interactions: Fracture-mesh and fault-valve behavior in the February 2014 Mammoth Mountain, California, earthquake swarm: 2014 Mammoth Mountain Earthquake Swarm
journal, July 2015

  • Shelly, David R.; Taira, Taka'aki; Prejean, Stephanie G.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL064325

High precision earthquake locations reveal seismogenic structure beneath Mammoth Mountain, California: SEISMOGENIC STRUCTURE BENEATH MAMMOTH MOUNTAIN
journal, December 2003

  • Prejean, Stephanie; Stork, Anna; Ellsworth, William
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 30, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1029/2003GL018334

Multiple scattering and mode conversion revealed by an active seismic experiment at Asama volcano, Japan
journal, January 2010

  • Yamamoto, Mare; Sato, Haruo
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115, Issue B7
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009JB007109

Seismic reflection studies in Long Valley Caldera, California
journal, March 1991

  • Black, Ross A.; Deemer, Sharon J.; Smithson, Scott B.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 96, Issue B3
  • DOI: 10.1029/90JB02401

Uplift and magma intrusion at Long Valley caldera from InSAR and gravity measurements
journal, January 2009

  • Tizzani, Pietro; Battaglia, Maurizio; Zeni, Giovanni
  • Geology, Vol. 37, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1130/G25318A.1

Deformation of the Long Valley Caldera, California: inferences from measurements from 1988 to 2001
journal, October 2003


The thermal regime in the resurgent dome of Long Valley Caldera, California: Inferences from precision temperature logs in deep wells
journal, December 2010

  • Hurwitz, Shaul; Farrar, Christopher D.; Williams, Colin F.
  • Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Vol. 198, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2010.08.023

Geometry of silicic dikes beneath the Inyo Domes, California
journal, January 1985


The mechanics of unrest at Long Valley caldera, California: 1. Modeling the geometry of the source using GPS, leveling and two-color EDM data
journal, October 2003


Crustal migration of CO2-rich magmatic fluids recorded by tree-ring radiocarbon and seismicity at Mammoth Mountain, CA, USA
journal, March 2014


Inferences on the hydrothermal system beneath the resurgent dome in Long Valley Caldera, east-central California, USA, from recent pumping tests and geochemical sampling
journal, October 2003

  • Farrar, Christopher D.; Sorey, Michael L.; Roeloffs, Evelyn
  • Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Vol. 127, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0377-0273(03)00174-4

A 3D discrete numerical elastic lattice method for seismic wave propagation in heterogeneous media with topography
journal, January 2004


Separation of depth-dependent intrinsic and scattering seismic attenuation in the northeastern sector of the Italian Peninsula
journal, April 2005


Structure of Long Valley Caldera, California, from a seismic refraction experiment
journal, February 1976


Seismic investigation of magmatic unrest beneath Mammoth Mountain, California, USA
journal, August 2013


Separation of Qi and Qs from passive data at Mt. Vesuvius: A reappraisal of the seismic attenuation estimates
journal, December 2006

  • Del Pezzo, Edoardo; Bianco, Francesca; Zaccarelli, Lucia
  • Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, Vol. 159, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.pepi.2006.07.005

Theory of Propagation of Elastic Waves in a Fluid‐Saturated Porous Solid. II. Higher Frequency Range
journal, March 1956

  • Biot, M. A.
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 28, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1121/1.1908241

Absorption and scattering 2-D volcano images from numerically calculated space-weighting functions
journal, April 2016

  • Del Pezzo, Edoardo; Ibañez, Jesus; Prudencio, Janire
  • Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 206, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggw171

Inversion for P and S wave attenuation structure, Long Valley caldera, California
journal, February 1994

  • Ponko, Stefan C.; Sanders, Christopher O.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 99, Issue B2
  • DOI: 10.1029/93JB03405

Unrest in Long Valley Caldera, California, 1978–2004
journal, January 2006


Diffusion of seismic waves in a thick layer: Theory and application to Vesuvius volcano: DIFFUSION IN A THICK LAYER
journal, July 2004

  • Wegler, U.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 109, Issue B7
  • DOI: 10.1029/2004JB003048

Dilational Processes Accompanying Earthquakes in the Long Valley Caldera
journal, April 2000


Carbon dioxide and helium emissions from a reservoir of magmatic gas beneath Mammoth Mountain, California
journal, July 1998

  • Sorey, M. L.; Evans, W. C.; Kennedy, B. M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 103, Issue B7
  • DOI: 10.1029/98JB01389

Reanalysis of S -to- P amplitude ratios for gross attenuation structure, Long Valley Caldera, California
journal, December 1993

  • Sanders, Christopher O.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 98, Issue B12
  • DOI: 10.1029/93JB02393

Deformation near the Long Valley Caldera, eastern California, 1982-1986
journal, March 1987

  • Savage, J. C.; Cockerham, R. S.; Estrem, J. E.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 92, Issue B3
  • DOI: 10.1029/JB092iB03p02721

Pore fluids and seismic attenuation in rocks
journal, January 1979


Fluid-driven uplift at Long Valley Caldera, California: Geologic perspectives
journal, July 2017


Influence of near-surface volcanic structure on long-period seismic signals and on moment tensor inversions: Simulated examples from Mount Etna: VOLCANIC STRUCTURE INFLUENCE ON LPs
journal, August 2008

  • Bean, Christopher; Lokmer, Ivan; O'Brien, Gareth
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 113, Issue B8
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JB005468

Scattering behaviour at Merapi volcano (Java) revealed from an active seismic experiment
journal, June 2001


The Geophysics of a Restless Caldera Long Valley, California
journal, May 1988


Three-dimensional crustal structure of Long Valley caldera, California, and evidence for the migration of CO 2 under Mammoth Mountain : FOUR-DIMENSIONAL TOMOGRAPHY AT LONG VALLEY
journal, March 2003

  • Foulger, G. R.; Julian, B. R.; Pitt, A. M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 108, Issue B3
  • DOI: 10.1029/2000JB000041

Volcanism, structure, and geochronology of Long Valley Caldera, Mono County, California
journal, February 1976

  • Bailey, Roy A.; Dalrymple, G. Brent; Lanphere, Marvin A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 81, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1029/JB081i005p00725

Seismic codas on the Earth and the Moon: a comparison
journal, September 1981


Thermal state of the Campi Flegrei caldera inferred from seismic attenuation tomography
journal, November 2001