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Title: The CHRONOS mission: capability for sub-hourly synoptic observations of carbon monoxide and methane to quantify emissions and transport of air pollution

Abstract

The CHRONOS space mission concept provides time-resolved abundance for emissions and transport studies of the highly variable and highly uncertain air pollutants carbon monoxide and methane, with sub-hourly revisit rate at fine (-4 km) horizontal spatial resolution across a North American domain. CHRONOS can provide complete synoptic air pollution maps ("snapshots") of the continental domain with less than 10 min of observations. This rapid mapping enables visualization of air pollution transport simultaneously across the entire continent and enables a sentinel-like capability for monitoring evolving, or unanticipated, air pollution sources in multiple locations at the same time with high temporal resolution. CHRONOS uses a compact imaging gas filter correlation radiometer for these observations, with heritage from more than 17 years of scientific data and algorithm advances by the science teams for the Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) instrument on NASA's Terra spacecraft in low Earth orbit. To achieve continental-scale sub-hourly sampling, the CHRONOS mission would be conducted from geostationary orbit, with the instrument hosted on a communications or meteorological platform. CHRONOS observations would contribute to an integrated observing system for atmospheric composition using surface, suborbital and satellite data with atmospheric chemistry models, as defined by the Committee on Earthmore » Observing Satellites. Addressing the U.S. National Academy's 2007 decadal survey direction to characterize diurnal changes in tropospheric composition, CHRONOS observations would find direct societal applications for air quality management and forecasting to protect public health.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [3];  [4]
  1. National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder, CO (United States)
  2. NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA (United States)
  3. Ball Aerospace, Boulder, CO (United States)
  4. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1479389
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (Online); Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1867-8548
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Edwards, David P., Worden, Helen M., Neil, Doreen, Francis, Gene, Valle, Tim, and Arellano Jr., Avelino F. The CHRONOS mission: capability for sub-hourly synoptic observations of carbon monoxide and methane to quantify emissions and transport of air pollution. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.5194/amt-11-1061-2018.
Edwards, David P., Worden, Helen M., Neil, Doreen, Francis, Gene, Valle, Tim, & Arellano Jr., Avelino F. The CHRONOS mission: capability for sub-hourly synoptic observations of carbon monoxide and methane to quantify emissions and transport of air pollution. United States. https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-1061-2018
Edwards, David P., Worden, Helen M., Neil, Doreen, Francis, Gene, Valle, Tim, and Arellano Jr., Avelino F. Fri . "The CHRONOS mission: capability for sub-hourly synoptic observations of carbon monoxide and methane to quantify emissions and transport of air pollution". United States. https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-1061-2018. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1479389.
@article{osti_1479389,
title = {The CHRONOS mission: capability for sub-hourly synoptic observations of carbon monoxide and methane to quantify emissions and transport of air pollution},
author = {Edwards, David P. and Worden, Helen M. and Neil, Doreen and Francis, Gene and Valle, Tim and Arellano Jr., Avelino F.},
abstractNote = {The CHRONOS space mission concept provides time-resolved abundance for emissions and transport studies of the highly variable and highly uncertain air pollutants carbon monoxide and methane, with sub-hourly revisit rate at fine (-4 km) horizontal spatial resolution across a North American domain. CHRONOS can provide complete synoptic air pollution maps ("snapshots") of the continental domain with less than 10 min of observations. This rapid mapping enables visualization of air pollution transport simultaneously across the entire continent and enables a sentinel-like capability for monitoring evolving, or unanticipated, air pollution sources in multiple locations at the same time with high temporal resolution. CHRONOS uses a compact imaging gas filter correlation radiometer for these observations, with heritage from more than 17 years of scientific data and algorithm advances by the science teams for the Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) instrument on NASA's Terra spacecraft in low Earth orbit. To achieve continental-scale sub-hourly sampling, the CHRONOS mission would be conducted from geostationary orbit, with the instrument hosted on a communications or meteorological platform. CHRONOS observations would contribute to an integrated observing system for atmospheric composition using surface, suborbital and satellite data with atmospheric chemistry models, as defined by the Committee on Earth Observing Satellites. Addressing the U.S. National Academy's 2007 decadal survey direction to characterize diurnal changes in tropospheric composition, CHRONOS observations would find direct societal applications for air quality management and forecasting to protect public health.},
doi = {10.5194/amt-11-1061-2018},
journal = {Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (Online)},
number = 2,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

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Constraints on black carbon aerosol distribution from Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) CO: CONSTRAINTS ON BLACK CARBON FROM MOPITT
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Global column-averaged methane mixing ratios from 2003 to 2009 as derived from SCIAMACHY: Trends and variability
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Optical Properties of Aerosols and Clouds: The Software Package OPAC
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Impact of Southern California anthropogenic emissions on ozone pollution in the mountain states: Model analysis and observational evidence from space: SOCAL POLLUTION IMPACTS ON MT STATES
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Effects of a Spectral Surface Reflectance on Measurements of Backscattered Solar Radiation: Application to the MOPITT Methane Retrieval
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Using Observations and Source-Specific Model Tracers to Characterize Pollutant Transport During FRAPPÉ and DISCOVER-AQ: Pollutant Transport During FRAPPE/DAQ
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Space shuttle based global CO measurements during April and October 1994, MAPS instrument, data reduction, and data validation
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Methane retrievals from Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite (GOSAT) shortwave infrared measurements: Performance comparison of proxy and physics retrieval algorithms: CH
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Characterization of the length-modulated radiometer
journal, January 1997


Long-Term Ozone Exposure and Mortality in a Large Prospective Study
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Cloud detection and clearing for the Earth Observing System Terra satellite Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) experiment
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Satellite-based estimates of reduced CO and CO 2 emissions due to traffic restrictions during the 2008 Beijing Olympics : BEIJING OLYMPICS CO AND CO
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