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Title: Scientific Exploration of Induced SeisMicity and Stress (SEISMS)

Abstract

Several major fault-drilling projects have captured the interseismic and postseismic periods of earthquakes. However, near-field observations of faults immediately before and during an earthquake remain elusive due to the unpredictable nature of seismicity. The Scientific Exploration of Induced SeisMicity and Stress (SEISMS) workshop met in March 2017 to discuss the value of a drilling experiment where a fault is instrumented in advance of an earthquake induced through controlled fluid injection. The workshop participants articulated three key issues that could most effectively be addressed by such an experiment: (1) predictive understanding of the propensity for seismicity in reaction to human forcing, (2) identification of earthquake nucleation processes, and (3) constraints on the factors controlling earthquake size. A systematic review of previous injection experiments exposed important observational gaps in all of these areas. The participants discussed the instrumentation and technological needs as well as faults and tectonic areas that are feasible from both a societal and scientific standpoint.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [7];  [3]
  1. Columbia Univ., Palisades, NY (United States)
  2. McGill Univ., Montreal, QC (Canada)
  3. Kyoto Univ., Kyoto (Japan)
  4. Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)
  5. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  6. Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States)
  7. CNRS, Sophia Antipolis (France)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1479351
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Drilling
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 23; Journal ID: ISSN 1816-3459
Publisher:
International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP) and International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES

Citation Formats

Savage, Heather M., Kirkpatrick, James D., Mori, James J., Brodsky, Emily E., Ellsworth, William L., Carpenter, Brett M., Chen, Xiaowei, Cappa, Frédéric, and Kano, Yasuyuki. Scientific Exploration of Induced SeisMicity and Stress (SEISMS). United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.5194/sd-23-57-2017.
Savage, Heather M., Kirkpatrick, James D., Mori, James J., Brodsky, Emily E., Ellsworth, William L., Carpenter, Brett M., Chen, Xiaowei, Cappa, Frédéric, & Kano, Yasuyuki. Scientific Exploration of Induced SeisMicity and Stress (SEISMS). United States. doi:10.5194/sd-23-57-2017.
Savage, Heather M., Kirkpatrick, James D., Mori, James J., Brodsky, Emily E., Ellsworth, William L., Carpenter, Brett M., Chen, Xiaowei, Cappa, Frédéric, and Kano, Yasuyuki. Thu . "Scientific Exploration of Induced SeisMicity and Stress (SEISMS)". United States. doi:10.5194/sd-23-57-2017. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1479351.
@article{osti_1479351,
title = {Scientific Exploration of Induced SeisMicity and Stress (SEISMS)},
author = {Savage, Heather M. and Kirkpatrick, James D. and Mori, James J. and Brodsky, Emily E. and Ellsworth, William L. and Carpenter, Brett M. and Chen, Xiaowei and Cappa, Frédéric and Kano, Yasuyuki},
abstractNote = {Several major fault-drilling projects have captured the interseismic and postseismic periods of earthquakes. However, near-field observations of faults immediately before and during an earthquake remain elusive due to the unpredictable nature of seismicity. The Scientific Exploration of Induced SeisMicity and Stress (SEISMS) workshop met in March 2017 to discuss the value of a drilling experiment where a fault is instrumented in advance of an earthquake induced through controlled fluid injection. The workshop participants articulated three key issues that could most effectively be addressed by such an experiment: (1) predictive understanding of the propensity for seismicity in reaction to human forcing, (2) identification of earthquake nucleation processes, and (3) constraints on the factors controlling earthquake size. A systematic review of previous injection experiments exposed important observational gaps in all of these areas. The participants discussed the instrumentation and technological needs as well as faults and tectonic areas that are feasible from both a societal and scientific standpoint.},
doi = {10.5194/sd-23-57-2017},
journal = {Scientific Drilling},
number = ,
volume = 23,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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