skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Aseismic Motions Drive a Sparse Seismicity During Fluid Injections Into a Fractured Zone in a Carbonate Reservoir

Abstract

An increase in fluid pressure in faults can trigger seismicity and large aseismic motions. Understanding how fluid and faults interact is an essential goal for seismic hazard and reservoir monitoring, but this key relation remains unclear. We developed an in situ experiment of fluid injections at a 10 meter scale. Water was injected at high pressure in different geological structures inside a fault damaged zone, in limestone at 280 m depth in the Low Noise Underground Laboratory (France). Induced seismicity, as well as strains, pressure, and flow rate, was continuously monitored during the injections. Although nonreversible deformations related to fracture reactivations were observed for all injections, only a few tests generated seismicity. Events are characterized by a 0.5-to-4 kHz content and a small magnitude (approximately -3.5). They are located within 1.5 m accuracy between 1 and 12 m from the injections. Comparing strain measurements and seismicity shows that more than 96% of the deformation is aseismic. The seismic moment is also small compared to the one expected from the injected volume. Moreover, a dual seismic behavior is observed as (1) the spatiotemporal distribution of some cluster of events is clearly independent from the fluid diffusion (2) while a diffusion-type pattern can be observed for somemore » others clusters. Furthermore, the seismicity might therefore appear as an indirect effect to the fluid pressure, driven by aseismic motion and related stress perturbation transferred through failure.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [1];  [4]
  1. Univ. Cote d'Azur, Sophia Antipolis (France)
  2. Univ. Cote d'Azur, Sophia Antipolis (France); Institut Univ. de France, Paris (France)
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  4. Univ. Aix-Marseille, Aix-en-Provence (France)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1479333
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 122; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-9313
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; induced seismicity; fluid injections; fractured zone; aseismic motions; meter‐scale in situ experiments; hydromechanics

Citation Formats

Duboeuf, Laure, De Barros, Louis, Cappa, Frédéric, Guglielmi, Yves, Deschamps, Anne, and Seguy, Simon. Aseismic Motions Drive a Sparse Seismicity During Fluid Injections Into a Fractured Zone in a Carbonate Reservoir. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/2017JB014535.
Duboeuf, Laure, De Barros, Louis, Cappa, Frédéric, Guglielmi, Yves, Deschamps, Anne, & Seguy, Simon. Aseismic Motions Drive a Sparse Seismicity During Fluid Injections Into a Fractured Zone in a Carbonate Reservoir. United States. doi:10.1002/2017JB014535.
Duboeuf, Laure, De Barros, Louis, Cappa, Frédéric, Guglielmi, Yves, Deschamps, Anne, and Seguy, Simon. Fri . "Aseismic Motions Drive a Sparse Seismicity During Fluid Injections Into a Fractured Zone in a Carbonate Reservoir". United States. doi:10.1002/2017JB014535. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1479333.
@article{osti_1479333,
title = {Aseismic Motions Drive a Sparse Seismicity During Fluid Injections Into a Fractured Zone in a Carbonate Reservoir},
author = {Duboeuf, Laure and De Barros, Louis and Cappa, Frédéric and Guglielmi, Yves and Deschamps, Anne and Seguy, Simon},
abstractNote = {An increase in fluid pressure in faults can trigger seismicity and large aseismic motions. Understanding how fluid and faults interact is an essential goal for seismic hazard and reservoir monitoring, but this key relation remains unclear. We developed an in situ experiment of fluid injections at a 10 meter scale. Water was injected at high pressure in different geological structures inside a fault damaged zone, in limestone at 280 m depth in the Low Noise Underground Laboratory (France). Induced seismicity, as well as strains, pressure, and flow rate, was continuously monitored during the injections. Although nonreversible deformations related to fracture reactivations were observed for all injections, only a few tests generated seismicity. Events are characterized by a 0.5-to-4 kHz content and a small magnitude (approximately -3.5). They are located within 1.5 m accuracy between 1 and 12 m from the injections. Comparing strain measurements and seismicity shows that more than 96% of the deformation is aseismic. The seismic moment is also small compared to the one expected from the injected volume. Moreover, a dual seismic behavior is observed as (1) the spatiotemporal distribution of some cluster of events is clearly independent from the fluid diffusion (2) while a diffusion-type pattern can be observed for some others clusters. Furthermore, the seismicity might therefore appear as an indirect effect to the fluid pressure, driven by aseismic motion and related stress perturbation transferred through failure.},
doi = {10.1002/2017JB014535},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth},
number = 10,
volume = 122,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 15 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Earthquake stress via event ratio levels: Application to the 2011 and 2016 Oklahoma seismic sequences
journal, April 2017

  • Walter, William R.; Yoo, Seung‐Hoon; Mayeda, Kevin
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 44, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016GL072348

Hydraulic fracture energy budget: Insights from the laboratory
journal, May 2015

  • Goodfellow, S. D.; Nasseri, M. H. B.; Maxwell, S. C.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL063093

The relationship between seismic and aseismic motions induced by forced fluid injections
journal, September 2012


Tectonic stress and the spectra of seismic shear waves from earthquakes
journal, September 1970


ISRM Suggested Methods for rock stress estimation—Part 3: hydraulic fracturing (HF) and/or hydraulic testing of pre-existing fractures (HTPF)
journal, October 2003

  • Haimson, B. C.; Cornet, F. H.
  • International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, Vol. 40, Issue 7-8
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrmms.2003.08.002

The 2012 Brawley swarm triggered by injection-induced aseismic slip
journal, July 2015

  • Wei, Shengji; Avouac, Jean-Philippe; Hudnut, Kenneth W.
  • Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 422
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.03.054

Architectural characteristics and petrophysical properties evolution of a strike-slip fault zone in a fractured porous carbonate reservoir
journal, November 2012


Induced seismicity in EGS reservoir: the creep route
journal, December 2014


The 2001 Bhuj earthquake: Tomographic evidence for fluids at the hypocenter and its implications for rupture nucleation: THE 2001 BHUJ EARTHQUAKE
journal, December 2002

  • Kayal, J. R.; Zhao, Dapeng; Mishra, O. P.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 29, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1029/2002GL015177

Reactivation of a strike-slip fault by fluid overpressuring in the southwestern French-Italian Alps: Reactivation of a strike-slip fault
journal, February 2012


Large-scale aseismic motion identified through 4-D P-wave tomography: Temporal subsetting of the stimulation period
journal, July 2011


Influence of pore-pressure on the event-size distribution of induced earthquakes: PORE PRESSURE AND EQ SIZE DISTRIBUTION
journal, May 2012

  • Bachmann, C. E.; Wiemer, S.; Goertz-Allmann, B. P.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012GL051480

Seismic and aseismic motions generated by fluid injections
journal, March 2016


Evidence for rainfall-triggered earthquake activity
journal, January 2006

  • Hainzl, S.; Kraft, T.; Wassermann, J.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 33, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006GL027642

Seismicity triggered by fluid injection-induced aseismic slip
journal, June 2015


In Situ Evidence for fluid-induced aseismic slip events along fault zones
journal, August 1994

  • Scotti, O.; Cornet, F. H.
  • International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences & Geomechanics Abstracts, Vol. 31, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1016/0148-9062(94)90902-4

Note on rain-triggered earthquakes and their dependence on karst geology
journal, April 2008


Foreshock sequences and short-term earthquake predictability on East Pacific Rise transform faults
journal, March 2005

  • McGuire, Jeffrey J.; Boettcher, Margaret S.; Jordan, Thomas H.
  • Nature, Vol. 434, Issue 7032
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature03377

A Double-Difference Earthquake Location Algorithm: Method and Application to the Northern Hayward Fault, California
journal, December 2000

  • Waldhauser, F.
  • Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 90, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1785/0120000006

Seismic velocity changes associated with aseismic deformations of a fault stimulated by fluid injection: Seismic Speed Changes During Fault Slip
journal, September 2016

  • Rivet, Diane; De Barros, Louis; Guglielmi, Yves
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016GL070410

From Geodetic Imaging of Seismic and Aseismic Fault Slip to Dynamic Modeling of the Seismic Cycle
journal, May 2015


Far-field S -wave spectra, corner frequencies, and pulse shapes
journal, January 1979

  • Brune, James N.; Archuleta, Ralph J.; Hartzell, Stephen
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 84, Issue B5
  • DOI: 10.1029/JB084iB05p02262

The robustness of seismic moment and magnitudes estimated using spectral analysis: The robustness of seismic moment and magnitudes estimates
journal, May 2014

  • Stork, A. L.; Verdon, J. P.; Kendall, J. -M.
  • Geophysical Prospecting, Vol. 62, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1111/1365-2478.12134

Geometry and spatio-temporal evolution of the 2001 Agios Ioanis earthquake swarm (Corinth Rift, Greece)
journal, January 2010


Fluid-faulting interactions: Fracture-mesh and fault-valve behavior in the February 2014 Mammoth Mountain, California, earthquake swarm: 2014 Mammoth Mountain Earthquake Swarm
journal, July 2015

  • Shelly, David R.; Taira, Taka'aki; Prejean, Stephanie G.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL064325

Oklahoma’s recent earthquakes and saltwater disposal
journal, June 2015


Seismic moments and volume changes
journal, March 1976


Source Parameters and Rupture Velocities of Microearthquakes in Western Nagano, Japan, Determined Using Stopping Phases
journal, October 2004

  • Imanishi, K.
  • Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 94, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1785/012003085

Fault activation by hydraulic fracturing in western Canada
journal, November 2016


Injection-Induced Earthquakes
journal, July 2013


Seismic responses to fluid pressure perturbations in a slipping fault: Fault reactivation by fluid pressures
journal, May 2015

  • Derode, Benoit; Guglielmi, Yves; De Barros, Louis
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL063671

The ratio Vp/Vs as a discriminant of composition for siliceous limestones
journal, November 1984

  • Wilkens, Roy; Simmons, Gene; Caruso, Lou
  • GEOPHYSICS, Vol. 49, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1190/1.1441598

High-resolution analysis of seismicity induced at Berlín geothermal field, El Salvador
journal, October 2014


Relocation of long-period (LP) seismic events reveals en echelon fractures in the upper edifice of Turrialba volcano, Costa Rica: LP Events Reveal En Echelon Fractures
journal, October 2016

  • Zecevic, Megan; De Barros, Louis; Eyre, Thomas S.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016GL070427

The 2003–2004 seismic swarm in the western Corinth rift: Evidence for a multiscale pore pressure diffusion process along a permeable fault system
journal, September 2015

  • Duverger, Clara; Godano, Maxime; Bernard, Pascal
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL065298

Finite-fault slip model of the 2011 M w 5.6 Prague, Oklahoma earthquake from regional waveforms
journal, June 2014

  • Sun, Xiaodan; Hartzell, Stephen
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 41, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014GL060410

Seismic‐Hazard Forecast for 2016 Including Induced and Natural Earthquakes in the Central and Eastern United States
journal, August 2016

  • Petersen, Mark D.; Mueller, Charles S.; Moschetti, Morgan P.
  • Seismological Research Letters, Vol. 87, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1785/0220160072

Seismicity related to the hydraulic stimulation of GRT1, Rittershoffen, France
journal, January 2017

  • Lengliné, O.; Boubacar, M.; Schmittbuhl, J.
  • Geophysical Journal International
  • DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggw490

Probability of a given-magnitude earthquake induced by a fluid injection
journal, January 2007

  • Shapiro, S. A.; Dinske, C.; Kummerow, J.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007GL031615

High-rate injection is associated with the increase in U.S. mid-continent seismicity
journal, June 2015


Some new Q-value correlations to assist in site characterisation and tunnel design
journal, February 2002


Investigation of injection-induced seismicity using a coupled fluid flow and rate/state friction model
journal, November 2011


Seismic source spectra and estimated stress drop derived from cohesive-zone models of circular subshear rupture
journal, March 2014

  • Kaneko, Y.; Shearer, P. M.
  • Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 197, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggu030

Characterization of fluid transport properties of reservoirs using induced microseismicity
journal, January 2002

  • Shapiro, Serge A.; Rothert, Elmar; Rath, Volker
  • GEOPHYSICS, Vol. 67, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1190/1.1451597

Increasing seismicity in the U. S. midcontinent: Implications for earthquake hazard
journal, June 2015

  • Ellsworth, William L.; Llenos, Andrea L.; McGarr, Arthur F.
  • The Leading Edge, Vol. 34, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1190/tle34060618.1

Oklahoma experiences largest earthquake during ongoing regional wastewater injection hazard mitigation efforts: The 3 September 2016,
journal, January 2017

  • Yeck, W. L.; Hayes, G. P.; McNamara, D. E.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 44, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016GL071685

ISRM Suggested Method for Step-Rate Injection Method for Fracture In-Situ Properties (SIMFIP): Using a 3-Components Borehole Deformation Sensor
journal, December 2013

  • Guglielmi, Yves; Cappa, Frederic; Lançon, Hervé
  • Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, Vol. 47, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00603-013-0517-1

Seismicity patterns of earthquake swarms due to fluid intrusion and stress triggering
journal, December 2004


Potentially induced earthquakes in Oklahoma, USA: Links between wastewater injection and the 2011 Mw 5.7 earthquake sequence
journal, June 2013

  • Keranen, Katie M.; Savage, Heather M.; Abers, Geoffrey A.
  • Geology, Vol. 41, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1130/G34045.1

Sharp increase in central Oklahoma seismicity since 2008 induced by massive wastewater injection
journal, July 2014


Understanding induced seismicity
journal, December 2016

  • Elsworth, Derek; Spiers, Christopher J.; Niemeijer, Andre R.
  • Science, Vol. 354, Issue 6318
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.aal2584

The Denver EarthquakeS
journal, September 1968


The 2011 M w 9.0 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake: Comparison of deep-water tsunami signals with finite-fault rupture model predictions
journal, July 2011

  • Lay, Thorne; Yamazaki, Yoshiki; Ammon, Charles J.
  • Earth, Planets and Space, Vol. 63, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.5047/eps.2011.05.030

Slip instability and state variable friction laws
journal, December 1983


High-frequency radiation from crack (stress drop) models of earthquake faulting
journal, December 1977


Differences Between Mode I and Mode II Crack Propagation
journal, September 2006


The 2016 Mw5.1 Fairview, Oklahoma earthquakes: Evidence for long-range poroelastic triggering at >40 km from fluid disposal wells
journal, August 2017


Coping with earthquakes induced by fluid injection
journal, February 2015


Modeling crustal deformation and rupture processes related to upwelling of deep CO 2 -rich fluids during the 1965–1967 Matsushiro earthquake swarm in Japan
journal, January 2009

  • Cappa, Frédéric; Rutqvist, Jonny; Yamamoto, Koji
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 114, Issue B10
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009JB006398