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Title: Calibration of proton dispersion for the NIF electron positron proton spectrometer (NEPPS) for short-pulse laser experiments on the NIF ARC

Experiments using the Advanced Radiographic Capability (ARC) laser at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) aim to characterize short-pulse-driven proton beams for use as both probes and drivers for high-energy-density physics experiments. Measurements of ARC-driven proton beam characteristics, such as energy spectrum and conversion efficiency, rely on the NIF Electron Positron Proton Spectrometer (NEPPS). The NEPPS diagnostic is a version of an existing particle spectrometer which is used for detecting MeV electron and positron spectra via permanent magnetic field dispersion. These spectrometers have not yet been calibrated for protons and instead use an analytical calculation to estimate the dispersion. Small variations in the field uniformity can affect the proton dispersion due to the relatively small resolving power (E/dE) for this diagnostic. A broadband energy, laser-accelerated proton source was produced at the Titan laser to experimentally calibrate the proton dispersion. These experimental data were used to test the theoretical dispersion. Numerical simulations using measurements of the magnetic field variation within the diagnostic were used to obtain a realistic proton dispersion curve for the new NEPPS units. In conclusion, this procedure for obtaining each independent dispersion is applicable to all EPPS and NEPPS diagnostics, given the axial magnetic field profile.
Authors:
 [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, AB (Canada). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-751040
Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748; 936479
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 89; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; Lasers
OSTI Identifier:
1479064
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1478441

Mariscal, D., Williams, G. J., Chen, H., Ayers, S., Lemos, N., Kerr, S., and Ma, T.. Calibration of proton dispersion for the NIF electron positron proton spectrometer (NEPPS) for short-pulse laser experiments on the NIF ARC. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1063/1.5039388.
Mariscal, D., Williams, G. J., Chen, H., Ayers, S., Lemos, N., Kerr, S., & Ma, T.. Calibration of proton dispersion for the NIF electron positron proton spectrometer (NEPPS) for short-pulse laser experiments on the NIF ARC. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5039388.
Mariscal, D., Williams, G. J., Chen, H., Ayers, S., Lemos, N., Kerr, S., and Ma, T.. 2018. "Calibration of proton dispersion for the NIF electron positron proton spectrometer (NEPPS) for short-pulse laser experiments on the NIF ARC". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5039388.
@article{osti_1479064,
title = {Calibration of proton dispersion for the NIF electron positron proton spectrometer (NEPPS) for short-pulse laser experiments on the NIF ARC},
author = {Mariscal, D. and Williams, G. J. and Chen, H. and Ayers, S. and Lemos, N. and Kerr, S. and Ma, T.},
abstractNote = {Experiments using the Advanced Radiographic Capability (ARC) laser at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) aim to characterize short-pulse-driven proton beams for use as both probes and drivers for high-energy-density physics experiments. Measurements of ARC-driven proton beam characteristics, such as energy spectrum and conversion efficiency, rely on the NIF Electron Positron Proton Spectrometer (NEPPS). The NEPPS diagnostic is a version of an existing particle spectrometer which is used for detecting MeV electron and positron spectra via permanent magnetic field dispersion. These spectrometers have not yet been calibrated for protons and instead use an analytical calculation to estimate the dispersion. Small variations in the field uniformity can affect the proton dispersion due to the relatively small resolving power (E/dE) for this diagnostic. A broadband energy, laser-accelerated proton source was produced at the Titan laser to experimentally calibrate the proton dispersion. These experimental data were used to test the theoretical dispersion. Numerical simulations using measurements of the magnetic field variation within the diagnostic were used to obtain a realistic proton dispersion curve for the new NEPPS units. In conclusion, this procedure for obtaining each independent dispersion is applicable to all EPPS and NEPPS diagnostics, given the axial magnetic field profile.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5039388},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 10,
volume = 89,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Energetic proton generation in ultra-intense laser�solid interactions
journal, February 2001
  • Wilks, S. C.; Langdon, A. B.; Cowan, T. E.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 8, Issue 2, p. 542-549
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1333697