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Title: 3D/2D multidimensional perovskites: Balance of high performance and stability for perovskite solar cells

Abstract

Here, the power conversion efficiency achieved in three-dimensional (3D) perovskite solar cells (PSCs) is already competitive with that of commercial silicon solar cells. Achieving long-term stability under operation conditions is critical for reaching market success for PSC applications. Despite impressive progress over the past few years on fundamental understandings and technical innovations for improving PSC stability, the stability of PSCs against moisture/heat/light is still a key focus of research efforts for PSC development. Recent studies suggest that the long hydrophobic organic spacer in two-dimensional (2D) perovskites is helpful to improve perovskite stability, but 2D perovskites seem limited on obtaining high-performance solar cells due to its wide optical bandgaps and limited charge transport. To overcome this challenge, 3D/2D multidimensional perovskites - with an intermediate dimensionality between 3D and 2D - has recently emerged as a potential candidate to simultaneously maintain long-term stability and high performance. In this review, we first present a detailed discussion of the structure of 3D/2D multidimensional perovskites and their unique properties. Second, we discuss the stability of 3D/2D multidimensional perovskite and 2D perovskite as interface engineering layer-based solar cells. Finally, we summarize and outline the perspectives toward high-performance 3D/2D multidimensional perovskite-based solar cells.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
OSTI Identifier:
1478733
Report Number(s):
[NREL/JA-5900-72321]
[Journal ID: ISSN 2451-9103]
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC36-08GO28308]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Current Opinion in Electrochemistry
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 11]; Journal ID: ISSN 2451-9103
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; solar cells; power conversion; perovskites; dimensionality; stability

Citation Formats

Zhang, Fei, Kim, Dong Hoe, and Zhu, Kai. 3D/2D multidimensional perovskites: Balance of high performance and stability for perovskite solar cells. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.coelec.2018.10.001.
Zhang, Fei, Kim, Dong Hoe, & Zhu, Kai. 3D/2D multidimensional perovskites: Balance of high performance and stability for perovskite solar cells. United States. doi:10.1016/j.coelec.2018.10.001.
Zhang, Fei, Kim, Dong Hoe, and Zhu, Kai. Tue . "3D/2D multidimensional perovskites: Balance of high performance and stability for perovskite solar cells". United States. doi:10.1016/j.coelec.2018.10.001. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1478733.
@article{osti_1478733,
title = {3D/2D multidimensional perovskites: Balance of high performance and stability for perovskite solar cells},
author = {Zhang, Fei and Kim, Dong Hoe and Zhu, Kai},
abstractNote = {Here, the power conversion efficiency achieved in three-dimensional (3D) perovskite solar cells (PSCs) is already competitive with that of commercial silicon solar cells. Achieving long-term stability under operation conditions is critical for reaching market success for PSC applications. Despite impressive progress over the past few years on fundamental understandings and technical innovations for improving PSC stability, the stability of PSCs against moisture/heat/light is still a key focus of research efforts for PSC development. Recent studies suggest that the long hydrophobic organic spacer in two-dimensional (2D) perovskites is helpful to improve perovskite stability, but 2D perovskites seem limited on obtaining high-performance solar cells due to its wide optical bandgaps and limited charge transport. To overcome this challenge, 3D/2D multidimensional perovskites - with an intermediate dimensionality between 3D and 2D - has recently emerged as a potential candidate to simultaneously maintain long-term stability and high performance. In this review, we first present a detailed discussion of the structure of 3D/2D multidimensional perovskites and their unique properties. Second, we discuss the stability of 3D/2D multidimensional perovskite and 2D perovskite as interface engineering layer-based solar cells. Finally, we summarize and outline the perspectives toward high-performance 3D/2D multidimensional perovskite-based solar cells.},
doi = {10.1016/j.coelec.2018.10.001},
journal = {Current Opinion in Electrochemistry},
number = ,
volume = [11],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: ( a ) Schematics of device structure for quasi-2D; 3D/2D multidimensional perovskite; interfacial layer on top. ( b ) Unit cell structure of PEA 2 MAn −1PbnI3n+1 perovskites with different n values. Reproduced with permission from [ 18 ] ; ( c ) structure illustration and ( dmore » ) X-ray diffraction of (BA)2 (MA)n-1PbnI3n+1 with different n values. Reproduced with permission from [ 23 ] ; ( e ) cross-sectional SEM images of TiO2−(BA)2(MA)n−1 PbnI3n+1 perovskite films with different n values. Reproduced with permission from [ 23 ] .« less

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Works referencing / citing this record:

Enhanced Charge Transport by Incorporating Formamidinium and Cesium Cations into Two-Dimensional Perovskite Solar Cells
journal, July 2019

  • Gao, Liguo; Zhang, Fei; Chen, Xihan
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201905690

    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.