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Title: Investigation of Thulium and Other Rare Earth Element Mass Fractions in NIST SRM 1632a Bituminous Coal Reference Material by Quadrupole ICP-MS

Abstract

Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry after lithium metaborate fusion and digestion was used to measure the rare earth element (REE) mass fractions of several reference materials including NIST SRM 1632a, a historical bituminous Pennsylvania seam coal. While most of the REE mass fractions measured in this study were consistent with the published consensus data, the measured mass fraction of thulium for NIST SRM 1632a was consistently lower compared with the published data. Chondrite normalisation of the published consensus data for NIST SRM 1632a produced a positive thulium anomaly (Tm = 1.78), which is inconsistent with a terrestrial source of sediment. The Normalisation of REE mass fractions collected in this study produced no significant Tm anomaly (Tm = 0.93), which agrees with the sedimentary depositional environment of coal. Therefore, a revised mass fraction of 0.16 mg kg -1 Tm in NIST SRM 1632a is recommended.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United States); AECOM, Pittsburgh, PA, (United States)
  2. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, Morgantown, WV, and Albany, OR (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
OSTI Identifier:
1478372
Grant/Contract Number:  
FE0004000
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1639-4488
Publisher:
Wiley - International Association of Geoanalysts
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; rare earth elements; coal; inductively coupled plasma‐mass spectrometry; NIST SRM 1632a; reference material; thulium

Citation Formats

Roth, Elliot, Bank, Tracy L., and Granite, Evan. Investigation of Thulium and Other Rare Earth Element Mass Fractions in NIST SRM 1632a Bituminous Coal Reference Material by Quadrupole ICP-MS. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1111/ggr.12203.
Roth, Elliot, Bank, Tracy L., & Granite, Evan. Investigation of Thulium and Other Rare Earth Element Mass Fractions in NIST SRM 1632a Bituminous Coal Reference Material by Quadrupole ICP-MS. United States. doi:10.1111/ggr.12203.
Roth, Elliot, Bank, Tracy L., and Granite, Evan. Mon . "Investigation of Thulium and Other Rare Earth Element Mass Fractions in NIST SRM 1632a Bituminous Coal Reference Material by Quadrupole ICP-MS". United States. doi:10.1111/ggr.12203. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1478372.
@article{osti_1478372,
title = {Investigation of Thulium and Other Rare Earth Element Mass Fractions in NIST SRM 1632a Bituminous Coal Reference Material by Quadrupole ICP-MS},
author = {Roth, Elliot and Bank, Tracy L. and Granite, Evan},
abstractNote = {Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry after lithium metaborate fusion and digestion was used to measure the rare earth element (REE) mass fractions of several reference materials including NIST SRM 1632a, a historical bituminous Pennsylvania seam coal. While most of the REE mass fractions measured in this study were consistent with the published consensus data, the measured mass fraction of thulium for NIST SRM 1632a was consistently lower compared with the published data. Chondrite normalisation of the published consensus data for NIST SRM 1632a produced a positive thulium anomaly (Tm = 1.78), which is inconsistent with a terrestrial source of sediment. The Normalisation of REE mass fractions collected in this study produced no significant Tm anomaly (Tm = 0.93), which agrees with the sedimentary depositional environment of coal. Therefore, a revised mass fraction of 0.16 mg kg-1 Tm in NIST SRM 1632a is recommended.},
doi = {10.1111/ggr.12203},
journal = {Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research},
number = 2,
volume = 42,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 2 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Post‐Archaean Australian Shale‐normalised rare earth element mass fractions in world coals (Ketris and Yudovich 2009), U.S. coal (Finkelman 1993), Chinese coal (Dai et al. 2016a) and NIST SRM 1632a (Roelandts and Gladney 1998).

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.