skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: A critical review of cathodes for rechargeable Mg batteries

Abstract

This paper provides a critical and rigorous review on Mg battery cathodes, focusing on the impact of structure and composition on magnesiation kinetics.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, USA, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
  2. Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1478272
Grant/Contract Number:  
DESC0001160
Resource Type:
Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemical Society Reviews
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Chemical Society Reviews Journal Volume: 47 Journal Issue: 23; Journal ID: ISSN 0306-0012
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Mao, Minglei, Gao, Tao, Hou, Singyuk, and Wang, Chunsheng. A critical review of cathodes for rechargeable Mg batteries. United Kingdom: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1039/C8CS00319J.
Mao, Minglei, Gao, Tao, Hou, Singyuk, & Wang, Chunsheng. A critical review of cathodes for rechargeable Mg batteries. United Kingdom. doi:10.1039/C8CS00319J.
Mao, Minglei, Gao, Tao, Hou, Singyuk, and Wang, Chunsheng. Mon . "A critical review of cathodes for rechargeable Mg batteries". United Kingdom. doi:10.1039/C8CS00319J.
@article{osti_1478272,
title = {A critical review of cathodes for rechargeable Mg batteries},
author = {Mao, Minglei and Gao, Tao and Hou, Singyuk and Wang, Chunsheng},
abstractNote = {This paper provides a critical and rigorous review on Mg battery cathodes, focusing on the impact of structure and composition on magnesiation kinetics.},
doi = {10.1039/C8CS00319J},
journal = {Chemical Society Reviews},
number = 23,
volume = 47,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2018},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1039/C8CS00319J

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 30 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Bulk and surface electronic structure of 1 T TiS 2 and 1 T TiSe 2
journal, August 1997


A Reversible and Higher-Rate Li-O2 Battery
journal, July 2012


Magnesium cobalt silicate materials for reversible magnesium ion storage
journal, April 2012


VO 2 Nanoflakes as the Cathode Material of Hybrid Magnesium–Lithium-Ion Batteries with High Energy Density
journal, May 2017

  • Pei, Cunyuan; Xiong, Fangyu; Sheng, Jinzhi
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 9, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b02480

TiS 3 nanoribbons: Width-independent band gap and strain-tunable electronic properties
journal, August 2015


Electrochemical Insertion of Magnesium in Metal Oxides and Sulfides from Aprotic Electrolytes
journal, January 1993

  • Novák, Petr
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 140, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2056075

Dufour effect in superionic copper selenide
journal, February 1998

  • Korzhuev, M. A.
  • Physics of the Solid State, Vol. 40, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1134/1.1130276

Spinel compounds as multivalent battery cathodes: a systematic evaluation based on ab initio calculations
journal, January 2015

  • Liu, Miao; Rong, Ziqin; Malik, Rahul
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 8, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4EE03389B

Shuttle phenomenon – The irreversible oxidation mechanism of sulfur active material in Li–S battery
journal, August 2013


Rational Design and Crystal Structure Determination of a 3-D Metal−Organic Jungle-Gym-like Open Framework
journal, October 2004

  • Kitaura, Ryo; Iwahori, Fumiyasu; Matsuda, Ryotaro
  • Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 43, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1021/ic049005d

First-principles study of the magnesiation of olivines: redox reaction mechanism, electrochemical and thermodynamic properties
journal, January 2012

  • Ling, Chen; Banerjee, Debasish; Song, Wei
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 22, Issue 27
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2jm31122d

Effect of Mg 2+ /Li + mixed electrolytes on a rechargeable hybrid battery with Li 4 Ti 5 O 12 cathode and Mg anode
journal, January 2016


Reversible S 0 /MgS x Redox Chemistry in a MgTFSI 2 /MgCl 2 /DME Electrolyte for Rechargeable Mg/S Batteries
journal, September 2017

  • Gao, Tao; Hou, Singyuk; Wang, Fei
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 56, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201708241

A high-voltage rechargeable magnesium-sodium hybrid battery
journal, April 2017


Infrared spectroscopic studies on Mg intercalated crystalline MoO3 thin films
journal, September 2004


MWNT/C/Mg1.03Mn0.97SiO4 hierarchical nanostructure for superior reversible magnesium ion storage
journal, October 2011


Electrochemical insertion of lithium, sodium, and magnesium in molybdenum(VI) oxide
journal, April 1995


Manganese dioxides as rechargeable magnesium battery cathode; synthetic approach to understand magnesiation process
journal, May 2015


An efficient organic magnesium borate-based electrolyte with non-nucleophilic characteristics for magnesium–sulfur battery
journal, January 2017

  • Du, Aobing; Zhang, Zhonghua; Qu, Hongtao
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 10, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7EE02304A

Cathode materials for magnesium and magnesium-ion based batteries
journal, March 2015

  • Huie, Matthew M.; Bock, David C.; Takeuchi, Esther S.
  • Coordination Chemistry Reviews, Vol. 287
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ccr.2014.11.005

The High Performance of Crystal Water Containing Manganese Birnessite Cathodes for Magnesium Batteries
journal, May 2015


Ultimate Limits to Intercalation Reactions for Lithium Batteries
journal, October 2014

  • Whittingham, M. Stanley
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 114, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr5003003

Identifying the Discharge Product and Reaction Pathway for a Secondary Mg/O 2 Battery
journal, November 2015


Solvated Li-Ion Transfer at Interface Between Graphite and Electrolyte
journal, January 2004

  • Abe, Takeshi; Fukuda, Hideo; Iriyama, Yasutoshi
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 151, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1763141

Nanoscale mapping of ion diffusion in a lithium-ion battery cathode
journal, August 2010


Aluminium and magnesium insertion in sulfur-based spinels: a first-principles study
journal, January 2017

  • Kulish, Vadym V.; Koch, Daniel; Manzhos, Sergei
  • Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., Vol. 19, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6CP08284J

Electrochemical studies of lithium insertion in MoO3 films
journal, July 1992


One-Dimensional Carbon–Sulfur Composite Fibers for Na–S Rechargeable Batteries Operating at Room Temperature
journal, August 2013

  • Hwang, Tae Hoon; Jung, Dae Soo; Kim, Joo-Seong
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 13, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl402513x

Cu 2 Mo 6 S 8 Chevrel Phase, A Promising Cathode Material for New Rechargeable Mg Batteries:  A Mechanically Induced Chemical Reaction
journal, June 2002

  • Levi, Elena; Gofer, Yossi; Vestfreed, Yulia
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 14, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm021122o

Role of Structural H 2 O in Intercalation Electrodes: The Case of Mg in Nanocrystalline Xerogel-V 2 O 5
journal, March 2016

  • Sai Gautam, Gopalakrishnan; Canepa, Pieremanuele; Richards, William Davidson
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 16, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b05273

Beyond Intercalation-Based Li-Ion Batteries: The State of the Art and Challenges of Electrode Materials Reacting Through Conversion Reactions
journal, August 2010

  • Cabana, Jordi; Monconduit, Laure; Larcher, Dominique
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 22, Issue 35
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201000717

Band-theory description of high-energy spectroscopy and the electronic structure of LiCoO 2
journal, August 1992


Proton diffusion in γ-manganese dioxide
journal, September 2005


Interlayer-Expanded Molybdenum Disulfide Nanocomposites for Electrochemical Magnesium Storage
journal, February 2015


Magnesium insertion electrodes for rechargeable nonaqueous batteries — a competitive alternative to lithium?
journal, September 1999


AgNa(VO 2 F 2 ) 2 : A Trioxovanadium Fluoride with Unconventional Electrochemical Properties
journal, June 2013

  • Donakowski, Martin D.; Görne, Arno; Vaughey, John T.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja404189t

Enhancing the Reversibility of Mg/S Battery Chemistry through Li + Mediation
journal, September 2015

  • Gao, Tao; Noked, Malachi; Pearse, Alex J.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b07820

Identification of cathode materials for lithium batteries guided by first-principles calculations
journal, April 1998

  • Ceder, G.; Chiang, Y. -M.; Sadoway, D. R.
  • Nature, Vol. 392, Issue 6677
  • DOI: 10.1038/33647

Sol Gel Based Synthesis and Electrochemistry of Magnesium Vanadium Oxide: A Promising Cathode Material for Secondary Magnesium Ion Batteries
journal, January 2014

  • Lee, S. H.; DiLeo, R. A.; Marschilok, A. C.
  • ECS Electrochemistry Letters, Vol. 3, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0021408eel

Investigation of the Mechanism of Mg Insertion in Birnessite in Nonaqueous and Aqueous Rechargeable Mg-Ion Batteries
journal, January 2016


Ag 4 V 2 O 6 F 2 (SVOF): A High Silver Density Phase and Potential New Cathode Material for Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators
journal, October 2008

  • Sauvage, Frédéric; Bodenez, Vincent; Vezin, Hervé
  • Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 47, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1021/ic800793e

Synthesis, Crystal Structure, and Electrochemical Properties of a Simple Magnesium Electrolyte for Magnesium/Sulfur Batteries
journal, April 2016

  • Li, Wanfei; Cheng, Shuang; Wang, Jian
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 55, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201600256

Organic Electrode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
journal, May 2012

  • Liang, Yanliang; Tao, Zhanliang; Chen, Jun
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201100795

Ion-Exchange Mechanism of Layered Transition-Metal Oxides: Case Study of LiNi 0.5 Mn 0.5 O 2
journal, July 2014

  • Gwon, Hyeokjo; Kim, Sung-Wook; Park, Young-Uk
  • Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 53, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1021/ic501069x

A Hybrid Mg 2+ /Li + Battery Based on Interlayer-Expanded MoS 2 /Graphene Cathode
journal, May 2017

  • Fan, Xin; Gaddam, Rohit Ranganathan; Kumar, Nanjundan Ashok
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 7, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201700317

Li–O2 and Li–S batteries with high energy storage
journal, January 2012

  • Bruce, Peter G.; Freunberger, Stefan A.; Hardwick, Laurence J.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 1, p. 19-29
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3191

Structural evolution of the MoO3(010) surface during lithium intercalation
journal, June 2003


Unraveling the Magnesium-Ion Intercalation Mechanism in Vanadium Pentoxide in a Wet Organic Electrolyte by Structural Determination
journal, June 2017


Enabling rechargeable non-aqueous Mg–O 2 battery operations with dual redox mediators
journal, January 2016

  • Dong, Qi; Yao, Xiahui; Luo, Jingru
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 52, Issue 95
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6CC07818D

Electrochemical and Spectroscopic Analysis of Mg 2+ Intercalation into Thin Film Electrodes of Layered Oxides: V 2 O 5 and MoO 3
journal, August 2013

  • Gershinsky, Gregory; Yoo, Hyun Deog; Gofer, Yosef
  • Langmuir, Vol. 29, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1021/la402391f

A High-Energy Room-Temperature Sodium-Sulfur Battery
journal, December 2013


Phase-Controlled Electrochemical Activity of Epitaxial Mg-Spinel Thin Films
journal, December 2015

  • Feng, Zhenxing; Chen, Xiao; Qiao, Liang
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, Issue 51
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b09346

Theoretical study on the initial stage of a magnesium battery based on a V 2 O 5 cathode
journal, January 2014

  • Zhou, Bo; Shi, Hui; Cao, Rongfang
  • Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., Vol. 16, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4CP02230K

Redox tunable reversible molecular sieves: orthorhombic molybdenum vanadium oxide
journal, January 2011

  • Sadakane, Masahiro; Ohmura, Shunpei; Kodato, Katsunori
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 47, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1039/c1cc13454j

Challenges for Rechargeable Li Batteries
journal, February 2010

  • Goodenough, John B.; Kim, Youngsik
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 22, Issue 3, p. 587-603
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm901452z

Cluster-Expanded Prussian Blue Analogues
journal, February 1999

  • Shores, Matthew P.; Beauvais, Laurance G.; Long, Jeffrey R.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 121, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja983530s

Evaluation of Multivalent Cation Insertion in Single- and Double-Layered Polymorphs of V 2 O 5
journal, July 2017

  • Parija, Abhishek; Prendergast, David; Banerjee, Sarbajit
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 9, Issue 28
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b05556

The LixV2O5 system: An overview of the structure modifications induced by the lithium intercalation
journal, August 1994


Anthraquinone-Based Polymer as Cathode in Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries
journal, November 2015


Transport properties of lithium-intercalated MoO3
journal, February 1994


Direct Investigation of Mg Intercalation into the Orthorhombic V 2 O 5 Cathode Using Atomic-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy
journal, February 2017


Magnesium storage performance and mechanism of CuS cathode
journal, May 2018


Progress in Rechargeable Magnesium Battery Technology
journal, December 2007


ZrSe 3 -Type Variant of TiS 3 : Structure and Thermoelectric Properties
journal, September 2014

  • Guilmeau, Emmanuel; Berthebaud, David; Misse, Patrick R. N.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm502069n

Direct Observation of Reversible Magnesium Ion Intercalation into a Spinel Oxide Host
journal, April 2015

  • Kim, Chunjoong; Phillips, Patrick J.; Key, Baris
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 27, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201500083

Particle Size Dependence of the Ionic Diffusivity
journal, October 2010

  • Malik, Rahul; Burch, Damian; Bazant, Martin
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 10, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl1023595

Evaluation of sulfur spinel compounds for multivalent battery cathode applications
journal, January 2016

  • Liu, Miao; Jain, Anubhav; Rong, Ziqin
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 9, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6EE01731B

Stabilized Alpha-MnO[sub 2] Electrodes for Rechargeable 3 V Lithium Batteries
journal, January 1997

  • Johnson, C. S.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 144, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1837804

EQCM Analysis of Redox Behavior of CuFe Prussian Blue Analog in Mg Battery Electrolytes
journal, January 2015

  • Yagi, Shunsuke; Fukuda, Masaaki; Ichitsubo, Tetsu
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 162, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0751512jes

A rechargeable non-aqueous Mg–O2 battery
journal, January 2013

  • Shiga, Tohru; Hase, Yoko; Kato, Yuichi
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 49, Issue 80
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3cc43477j

A High-Performance Rechargeable Mg 2+ /Li + Hybrid Battery Using One-Dimensional Mesoporous TiO 2 (B) Nanoflakes as the Cathode
journal, March 2016

  • Su, Shuojian; NuLi, Yanna; Huang, Zhenguo
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b00106

Mg rechargeable batteries: an on-going challenge
journal, January 2013

  • Yoo, Hyun Deog; Shterenberg, Ivgeni; Gofer, Yosef
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 6, Issue 8, p. 2265-2279
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3ee40871j

Li + -solvation/desolvation dictates interphasial processes on graphitic anode in Li ion cells
journal, August 2012

  • Xu, Kang; von Wald Cresce, Arthur
  • Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 27, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1557/jmr.2012.104

A long cycle-life and high safety Na + /Mg 2+ hybrid-ion battery built by using a TiS 2 derived titanium sulfide cathode
journal, January 2017

  • Bian, Xiaofei; Gao, Yu; Fu, Qiang
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 5, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6TA08505A

High Areal Capacity Hybrid Magnesium–Lithium-Ion Battery with 99.9% Coulombic Efficiency for Large-Scale Energy Storage
journal, March 2015

  • Yoo, Hyun Deog; Liang, Yanliang; Li, Yifei
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b01206

Unveil the Chemistry of Olivine FePO 4 as Magnesium Battery Cathode
journal, July 2016


Step Potential Electrochemical Spectroscopy of Proton Intercalation in γ∕-MnO[sub 2]
journal, January 1991

  • Chabre, Yves P.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 138, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2085568

New cathode materials for rechargeable Mg batteries: fast Mg ion transport and reversible copper extrusion in CuyMo6S8 compounds
journal, January 2007

  • Mitelman, A.; Levi, M. D.; Lancry, E.
  • Chemical Communications, Issue 41
  • DOI: 10.1039/b710743a

Re-examining the Chevrel phase Mo 6 S 8 cathode for Mg intercalation from an electronic structure perspective
journal, January 2015

  • Thöle, Florian; Wan, Liwen F.; Prendergast, David
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 17, Issue 35
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5CP03046C

Asymmetric K/Li-Ion Battery Based on Intercalation Selectivity
journal, November 2017


Facile Synthesis of Chevrel Phase Nanocubes and Their Applications for Multivalent Energy Storage
journal, August 2014

  • Cheng, Yingwen; Parent, Lucas R.; Shao, Yuyan
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm502306c

Understanding Performance Limitations to Enable High Performance Magnesium-Ion Batteries
journal, January 2016

  • Kim, Sun Ung; Perdue, Brian; Apblett, Christopher A.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 163, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0321608jes

Interlayer-Expanded Vanadium Oxychloride as an Electrode Material for Magnesium-Based Batteries
journal, February 2017

  • Minella, Christian Bonatto; Gao, Ping; Zhao-Karger, Zhirong
  • ChemElectroChem, Vol. 4, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/celc.201700034

High Capacity Microporous Molybdenum–Vanadium Oxide Electrodes for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
journal, June 2013

  • Kaveevivitchai, Watchareeya; Jacobson, Allan J.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 25, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm401413u

Electrochemical Intercalation of Mg 2+ into Anhydrous and Hydrated Crystalline Tungsten Oxides
journal, July 2017


Conversion reactions: a new pathway to realise energy in lithium-ion battery—review
journal, July 2008


Reversible Magnesium Intercalation into a Layered Oxyfluoride Cathode
journal, December 2015


Structure of V 2 O 5 · n H 2 O Xerogel Solved by the Atomic Pair Distribution Function Technique
journal, August 2002

  • Petkov, Valeri; Trikalitis, Pantelis N.; Bozin, Emil S.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 124, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja026143y

Quantitatively Predict the Potential of MnO 2 Polymorphs as Magnesium Battery Cathodes
journal, February 2016

  • Ling, Chen; Zhang, Ruigang; Mizuno, Fuminori
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b11460

Building better batteries
journal, February 2008

  • Armand, M.; Tarascon, J.-M.
  • Nature, Vol. 451, Issue 7179, p. 652-657
  • DOI: 10.1038/451652a

Layered structures of hydrated vanadium oxides. Part 2.—Vanadyl intercalates (VO) x V 2 O 5 ·nH 2 O
journal, January 1992

  • Yao, Takeshi; Oka, Yoshio; Yamamoto, Naoichi
  • J. Mater. Chem., Vol. 2, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/JM9920200337

Recent advances in the research of polyanion-type cathode materials for Li-ion batteries
journal, January 2011

  • Gong, Zhengliang; Yang, Yong
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 4, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1039/c0ee00713g

Controlling the Intercalation Chemistry to Design High-Performance Dual-Salt Hybrid Rechargeable Batteries
journal, November 2014

  • Cho, Jae-Hyun; Aykol, Muratahan; Kim, Soo
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja508463z

Reversible Electrochemical Insertion/Extraction of Mg and Li Ions for Orthorhombic Mo 9 Se 11 with Cluster Structure
journal, November 2014

  • Taniguchi, Kouji; Yoshino, Takafumi; Gu, Yunpeng
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 162, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0941501jes

A quinone-based oligomeric lithium salt for superior Li–organic batteries
journal, January 2014

  • Song, Zhiping; Qian, Yumin; Liu, Xizheng
  • Energy Environ. Sci., Vol. 7, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4EE02575J

Crystal chemistry of metal dioxides with rutile-related structures
journal, April 1969

  • Rogers, Donald B.; Shannon, Robert D.; Sleight, Arthur W.
  • Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 8, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/ic50074a029

Synthesis and electrochemical behavior of hollandite MnO2/acetylene black composite cathode for secondary Mg-ion batteries
journal, October 2012


A Low-Overpotential Potassium–Oxygen Battery Based on Potassium Superoxide
journal, February 2013

  • Ren, Xiaodi; Wu, Yiying
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 8, p. 2923-2926
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja312059q

Metal Oxide Cathode Materials for Electrochemical Energy Storage: A Review
journal, January 1990

  • Desilvestro, Johann
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2086438

Electrochemical Mg2+ intercalation into a bimetallic CuFe Prussian blue analog in aqueous electrolytes
journal, January 2013

  • Mizuno, Yoshifumi; Okubo, Masashi; Hosono, Eiji
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 1, Issue 42
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3ta13205f

A highly ordered nanostructured carbon–sulphur cathode for lithium–sulphur batteries
journal, May 2009

  • Ji, Xiulei; Lee, Kyu Tae; Nazar, Linda F.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 6, p. 500-506
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2460

Effect of Microstructure and Stoichiometry on Absorption in Mg Intercalated MoO[sub 3] Thin Films
journal, January 2006

  • Sian, Tarsame S.; Reddy, G. B.; Shivaprasad, S. M.
  • Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, Vol. 9, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2163427

Sol–gel synthesis of Mg1.03Mn0.97SiO4 and its electrochemical intercalation behavior
journal, October 2008


Mg 2+ Storage in Organic Positive-electrode Active Material Based on 2,5-Dimethoxy-1,4-benzoquinone
journal, December 2012

  • Sano, Hikaru; Senoh, Hiroshi; Yao, Masaru
  • Chemistry Letters, Vol. 41, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1246/cl.2012.1594

A low cost, all-organic Na-ion Battery Based on Polymeric Cathode and Anode
journal, September 2013

  • Deng, Wenwen; Liang, Xinmiao; Wu, Xianyong
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep02671

Size Dependent Cation Channel in Nanoporous Prussian Blue Lattice
journal, July 2009

  • Moritomo, Yutaka; Igarashi, Kazuhiro; Kim, Jungeun
  • Applied Physics Express, Vol. 2
  • DOI: 10.1143/APEX.2.085001

Infrared and electrochemical studies on Mg intercalated a-MoO3 thin films
journal, February 2004


High-capacity organic positive-electrode material based on a benzoquinone derivative for use in rechargeable lithium batteries
journal, December 2010


Nickel Hexacyanoferrate Nanoparticle Electrodes For Aqueous Sodium and Potassium Ion Batteries
journal, December 2011

  • Wessells, Colin D.; Peddada, Sandeep V.; Huggins, Robert A.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 11, Issue 12, p. 5421-5425
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl203193q

How General is the Conversion Reaction in Mg Battery Cathode: A Case Study of the Magnesiation of α-MnO 2
journal, August 2015


Is alpha-V2O5 a cathode material for Mg insertion batteries?
journal, August 2016


Lithium Batteries and Cathode Materials
journal, October 2004

  • Whittingham, M. Stanley
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 104, Issue 10, p. 4271-4302
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr020731c

Mg Intercalation in Layered and Spinel Host Crystal Structures for Mg Batteries
journal, April 2015


Rechargeable magnesium-ion battery based on a TiSe2-cathode with d-p orbital hybridized electronic structure
journal, July 2015

  • Gu, Yunpeng; Katsura, Yukari; Yoshino, Takafumi
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep12486

Highly Reversible Open Framework Nanoscale Electrodes for Divalent Ion Batteries
journal, October 2013

  • Wang, Richard Y.; Wessells, Colin D.; Huggins, Robert A.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 13, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl403669a

Layered TiS 2 Positive Electrode for Mg Batteries
journal, June 2016


Performance study of magnesium–sulfur battery using a graphene based sulfur composite cathode electrode and a non-nucleophilic Mg electrolyte
journal, January 2016

  • Vinayan, B. P.; Zhao-Karger, Zhirong; Diemant, Thomas
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 8, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5NR04383B

High Capacity Rechargeable Magnesium-Ion Batteries Based on a Microporous Molybdenum–Vanadium Oxide Cathode
journal, June 2016


Hard and soft acids and bases, HSAB, part 1: Fundamental principles
journal, September 1968

  • Pearson, Ralph G.
  • Journal of Chemical Education, Vol. 45, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/ed045p581

Topochemically De-Intercalated Phases of V 2 O 5 as Cathode Materials for Multivalent Intercalation Batteries: A First-Principles Evaluation
journal, August 2016


Study of Mg ion Intercalation in Polycrystalline MoO 3 Thin Films
journal, September 2004

  • Sian, Tarsame. S.; Reddy, Gade. B.; Shivaprasad, Sonnada. M.
  • Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 43, Issue 9A
  • DOI: 10.1143/JJAP.43.6248

New insights into the limiting parameters of the Li/S rechargeable cell
journal, February 2012


Nanostructured Bilayered Vanadium Oxide Electrodes for Rechargeable Sodium-Ion Batteries
journal, December 2011

  • Tepavcevic, Sanja; Xiong, Hui; Stamenkovic, Vojislav R.
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn203869a

Aprotic and Aqueous Li–O2 Batteries
journal, April 2014

  • Lu, Jun; Li, Li; Park, Jin-Bum
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 114, Issue 11, p. 5611-5640
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr400573b

High power rechargeable magnesium/iodine battery chemistry
journal, January 2017

  • Tian, Huajun; Gao, Tao; Li, Xiaogang
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms14083

High performance batteries based on hybrid magnesium and lithium chemistry
journal, January 2014

  • Cheng, Yingwen; Shao, Yuyan; Zhang, Ji-Guang
  • Chem. Commun., Vol. 50, Issue 68
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4CC03620D

Copper Selenide as a New Cathode Material based on Displacement Reaction for Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries
journal, August 2016


A rechargeable room-temperature sodium superoxide (NaO2) battery
journal, December 2012

  • Hartmann, Pascal; Bender, Conrad L.; Vračar, Miloš
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 12, Issue 3, p. 228-232
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3486

Prussian blue: a new framework of electrode materials for sodium batteries
journal, January 2012

  • Lu, Yuhao; Wang, Long; Cheng, Jinguang
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 48, Issue 52, p. 6544-6546
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2cc31777j

Kinetically-Driven Phase Transformation during Lithiation in Copper Sulfide Nanoflakes
journal, August 2017


Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Sulfur Cathode during Discharge in MgTFSI 2 -DME Electrolyte
journal, November 2017


Rechargeable Mg–Li hybrid batteries: status and challenges
journal, September 2016

  • Cheng, Yingwen; Chang, Hee Jung; Dong, Hui
  • Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 31, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1557/jmr.2016.331

Improving the electrochemical performance of organic Li-ion battery electrodes
journal, January 2013

  • Renault, Stéven; Brandell, Daniel; Gustafsson, Torbjörn
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 49, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3cc39065a

Manganese oxide octahedral molecular sieves as insertion electrodes for rechargeable Mg batteries
journal, November 2013


Understanding the Electrochemical Mechanism of K-αMnO 2 for Magnesium Battery Cathodes
journal, May 2014

  • Arthur, Timothy S.; Zhang, Ruigang; Ling, Chen
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 6, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/am5015327

A concept of dual-salt polyvalent-metal storage battery
journal, January 2014

  • Yagi, Shunsuke; Ichitsubo, Tetsu; Shirai, Yoshimasa
  • J. Mater. Chem. A, Vol. 2, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1039/C3TA13668J

Copper hexacyanoferrate battery electrodes with long cycle life and high power
journal, November 2011

  • Wessells, Colin D.; Huggins, Robert A.; Cui, Yi
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 2, Article No. 550
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1563

A magnesium–sodium hybrid battery with high operating voltage
journal, January 2016

  • Dong, Hui; Li, Yifei; Liang, Yanliang
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 52, Issue 53
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6CC03081E

Phospho-olivines as Positive-Electrode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
journal, April 1997

  • Padhi, A. K.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 144, Issue 4, p. 1188-1194
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1837571

Preparation and electrochemical study of a new magnesium intercalation material Mg1.03Mn0.97SiO4
journal, September 2008


Building a Fast Lane for Mg Diffusion in α-MoO 3 by Fluorine Doping
journal, September 2016


A Small-Molecule Protein-Protein Interaction Inhibitor of PARP1 That Targets Its BRCT Domain
journal, January 2015

  • Na, Zhenkun; Peng, Bo; Ng, Shukie
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 54, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201410678

Phase Diagram of Mg Insertion into Chevrel Phases, Mg x Mo 6 T 8 (T = S, Se). 2. The Crystal Structure of Triclinic MgMo 6 Se 8
journal, August 2006

  • Levi, E.; Lancry, E.; Mitelman, A.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 18, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm060715m

Na 3 V 2 (PO 4 ) 3 as electrode material for rechargeable magnesium batteries: a case of sodium-magnesium hybrid battery
journal, August 2017


Mesoporous magnesium manganese silicate as cathode materials for rechargeable magnesium batteries
journal, January 2010

  • NuLi, Yanna; Yang, Jun; Li, Yongsheng
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 46, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1039/c002456b

Reversible Multivalent (Monovalent, Divalent, Trivalent) Ion Insertion in Open Framework Materials
journal, April 2015

  • Wang, Richard Y.; Shyam, Badri; Stone, Kevin H.
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201401869

The structures of Chevrel phases
journal, January 1982

  • Burdett, Jeremy K.; Lin, Jung Hui.
  • Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 21, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/ic00131a002

Nonaqueous magnesium electrochemistry and its application in secondary batteries
journal, January 2003

  • Aurbach, Doron; Weissman, Idit; Gofer, Yosef
  • The Chemical Record, Vol. 3, Issue 1, p. 61-73
  • DOI: 10.1002/tcr.10051

Hybrid Mg 2+ /Li + Battery with Long Cycle Life and High Rate Capability
journal, November 2014


Li Conductivity in Li[sub x]MPO[sub 4] (M = Mn, Fe, Co, Ni) Olivine Materials
journal, January 2004

  • Morgan, D.; Van der Ven, A.; Ceder, G.
  • Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, Vol. 7, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1633511

An artificial interphase enables reversible magnesium chemistry in carbonate electrolytes
journal, April 2018


Selected-Control Hydrothermal Synthesis of α- and β-MnO 2 Single Crystal Nanowires
journal, March 2002

  • Wang, Xun; Li, Yadong
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 124, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja0177105

α-MnO2 as a cathode material for rechargeable Mg batteries
journal, September 2012


Fullerenes: non-transition metal clusters as rechargeable magnesium battery cathodes
journal, January 2015

  • Zhang, Ruigang; Mizuno, Fuminori; Ling, Chen
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 51, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4CC08139K

Recent advances in lithium ion battery materials
journal, May 2000


Rechargeable Mg-Ion Batteries Based on WSe 2 Nanowire Cathodes
journal, August 2013


High energy density rechargeable magnesium battery using earth-abundant and non-toxic elements
journal, July 2014

  • Orikasa, Yuki; Masese, Titus; Koyama, Yukinori
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep05622

Mg/O 2 Battery Based on the Magnesium–Aluminum Chloride Complex (MACC) Electrolyte
journal, October 2016


Determination of the Lithium Ion Diffusion Coefficient in Graphite
journal, January 1999

  • Yu, Ping
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 146, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1391556

Ion transfer in solid solutions of Cu2Se and Ag2Se superionic conductors
journal, April 2003

  • Balapanov, M. Kh.; Yakshibaev, R. A.; Mukhamed’yanov, U. Kh.
  • Physics of the Solid State, Vol. 45, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1134/1.1568997

Theoretical Limiting Potentials in Mg/O 2 Batteries
journal, February 2016


Efficient and Inexpensive Sodium–Magnesium Hybrid Battery
journal, October 2015


Screening for positive electrodes for magnesium batteries: a protocol for studies at elevated temperatures
journal, January 2016

  • Duffort, Victor; Sun, Xiaoqi; Nazar, Linda F.
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 52, Issue 84
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6CC05363G

Odyssey of Multivalent Cathode Materials: Open Questions and Future Challenges
journal, February 2017

  • Canepa, Pieremanuele; Sai Gautam, Gopalakrishnan; Hannah, Daniel C.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 117, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemrev.6b00614

A high capacity thiospinel cathode for Mg batteries
journal, January 2016

  • Sun, Xiaoqi; Bonnick, Patrick; Duffort, Victor
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 9, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6EE00724D

Li-Ion Intercalation in Thermal Oxide Thin Films of MoO 3 as Studied by XPS, RBS, and NRA
journal, June 2008

  • Światowska-Mrowiecka, Jolanta; de Diesbach, Soline; Maurice, Vincent
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 112, Issue 29
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp800147f

Improved Electrolyte Solutions for Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries
journal, January 2006

  • Gofer, Yosef; Chusid, Orit; Gizbar, Haim
  • Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, Vol. 9, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2186003

Full open-framework batteries for stationary energy storage
journal, January 2014

  • Pasta, Mauro; Wessells, Colin D.; Liu, Nian
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4007

Suppressed Activation Energy for Interfacial Charge Transfer of a Prussian Blue Analog Thin Film Electrode with Hydrated Ions (Li + , Na + , and Mg 2+ )
journal, May 2013

  • Mizuno, Yoshifumi; Okubo, Masashi; Hosono, Eiji
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 117, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp311616s

Highly Electrochemical Reaction of Lithium in the Ordered Mesoporosus β-MnO 2
journal, November 2006

  • Luo, Jia-Yan; Zhang, Jing-Jun; Xia, Yong-Yao
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 18, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm061458o

First principles computational materials design for energy storage materials in lithium ion batteries
journal, January 2009

  • Meng, Ying Shirley; Arroyo-de Dompablo, M. Elena
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 2, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1039/b901825e

Prototype systems for rechargeable magnesium batteries
journal, October 2000

  • Aurbach, D.; Lu, Z.; Schechter, A.
  • Nature, Vol. 407, Issue 6805, p. 724-727
  • DOI: 10.1038/35037553

Existence of Solid Electrolyte Interphase in Mg Batteries: Mg/S Chemistry as an Example
journal, March 2018

  • Gao, Tao; Hou, Singyuk; Huynh, Khue
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 10, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.8b02425

A conceptual magnesium battery with ultrahigh rate capability
journal, January 2015

  • Zhang, Ruigang; Ling, Chen; Mizuno, Fuminori
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 51, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4CC08690B

MgFeSiO4 prepared via a molten salt method as a new cathode material for rechargeable magnesium batteries
journal, February 2011


Low-Temperature Synthesis of α-MnO 2 Hollow Urchins and Their Application in Rechargeable Li + Batteries
journal, August 2006

  • Li, Benxia; Rong, Guoxin; Xie, Yi
  • Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 45, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1021/ic0606274

Prussian Blue MgLi Hybrid Batteries
journal, April 2016


Mg Desolvation and Intercalation Mechanism at the Mo 6 S 8 Chevrel Phase Surface
journal, August 2015


Nickel hexacyanoferrate, a versatile intercalation host for divalent ions from nonaqueous electrolytes
journal, September 2016


Performance Enhancement and Mechanistic Studies of Magnesium–Sulfur Cells with an Advanced Cathode Structure
journal, July 2016


A Review of Open Framework Structures
journal, August 1996


TiS 3 Magnesium Battery Material: Atomic-Scale Study of Maximum Capacity and Structural Behavior
journal, July 2017

  • Arsentev, Maxim; Missyul, Alexander; Petrov, Andrey V.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 121, Issue 29
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b01575

Nanostructured Layered Cathode for Rechargeable Mg-Ion Batteries
journal, July 2015


Two-Dimensional Titanium Carbide MXene As a Cathode Material for Hybrid Magnesium/Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, June 2016

  • Byeon, Ayeong; Zhao, Meng-Qiang; Ren, Chang E.
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 9, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b04198

Materials Design Rules for Multivalent Ion Mobility in Intercalation Structures
journal, August 2015


Insertion of bi-valence cations Mg2+ and Zn2+ into V2O5
journal, February 1987


Performance Improvement of Magnesium Sulfur Batteries with Modified Non-Nucleophilic Electrolytes
journal, October 2014

  • Zhao-Karger, Zhirong; Zhao, Xiangyu; Wang, Di
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201401155

A review on the problems of the solid state ions diffusion in cathodes for rechargeable Mg batteries
journal, December 2007


On the Thermodynamics, the Role of the Carbon Cathode, and the Cycle Life of the Sodium Superoxide (NaO 2 ) Battery
journal, April 2014

  • Bender, Conrad L.; Hartmann, Pascal; Vračar, Miloš
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 4, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201301863

New Iron-Based Mixed-Polyanion Cathodes for Lithium and Sodium Rechargeable Batteries: Combined First Principles Calculations and Experimental Study
journal, June 2012

  • Kim, Hyungsub; Park, Inchul; Seo, Dong-Hwa
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 134, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja3038646

Conversion cathodes for rechargeable lithium and lithium-ion batteries
journal, January 2017

  • Wu, Feixiang; Yushin, Gleb
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 10, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6EE02326F

Sulfur-Impregnated Activated Carbon Fiber Cloth as a Binder-Free Cathode for Rechargeable Li-S Batteries
journal, November 2011

  • Elazari, Ran; Salitra, Gregory; Garsuch, Arnd
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 47, p. 5641-5644
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201103274

Structure and compatibility of a magnesium electrolyte with a sulphur cathode
journal, August 2011

  • Kim, Hee Soo; Arthur, Timothy S.; Allred, Gary D.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 2, Article No. 427
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1435

Electrochemical Intercalation of Mg 2+ in Magnesium Manganese Silicate and Its Application as High-Energy Rechargeable Magnesium Battery Cathode
journal, June 2009

  • NuLi, Yanna; Yang, Jun; Wang, Jiulin
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 113, Issue 28
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp903188b

Thermodynamics of Phase Selection in MnO 2 Framework Structures through Alkali Intercalation and Hydration
journal, February 2017

  • Kitchaev, Daniil A.; Dacek, Stephen T.; Sun, Wenhao
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 139, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b11301

Sulfone-Based Electrolyte Solutions for Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries Using 2,5-Dimethoxy-1,4-benzoquinone Positive Electrode
journal, January 2014

  • Senoh, H.; Sakaebe, H.; Sano, H.
  • Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 161, Issue 9, p. A1315-A1320
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0531409jes

Vapor-Transportation Preparation and Reversible Lithium Intercalation/Deintercalation of α-MoO 3 Microrods
journal, January 2006

  • Li, Weiyang; Cheng, Fangyi; Tao, Zhanliang
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 110, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp0553784

Conversion Reaction-Based Oxide Nanomaterials for Lithium Ion Battery Anodes
journal, December 2015


2,5-Dimethoxy-1,4-Benzoquinone (DMBQ) as Organic Cathode for Rechargeable Magnesium-Ion Batteries
journal, January 2016

  • Pan, Baofei; Zhou, Dehua; Huang, Jinhua
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 163, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0021605jes

Calculations of Li-Ion Diffusion in Olivine Phosphates
journal, September 2011

  • Dathar, Gopi Krishna Phani; Sheppard, Daniel; Stevenson, Keith J.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm201604g

Thermodynamic analysis on energy densities of batteries
journal, January 2011

  • Zu, Chen-Xi; Li, Hong
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 4, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/c0ee00777c

Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies of Mg[sup 2+] and Li[sup +] Ion Insertion into the Mo[sub 6]S[sub 8] Chevrel Phase
journal, January 2004

  • Levi, M. D.; Lancry, E.; Gizbar, H.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 151, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1758811

Nanobelts of Beta-Sodium Vanadate as Electrode for Magnesium and Dual Magnesium-Sodium Batteries
journal, January 2016

  • Cabello, Marta; Nacimiento, Francisco; Alcántara, Ricardo
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 163, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.1211613jes

Lithium–oxygen batteries: bridging mechanistic understanding and battery performance
journal, January 2013

  • Lu, Yi-Chun; Gallant, Betar M.; Kwabi, David G.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 6, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3ee23966g

Polyanthraquinone-Based Organic Cathode for High-Performance Rechargeable Magnesium-Ion Batteries
journal, May 2016

  • Pan, Baofei; Huang, Jinhua; Feng, Zhenxing
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201600140

Synthesis and characterization of the hollandite-type MnO2 as a cathode material in lithium batteries
journal, March 2000


Open-Framework Inorganic Materials
journal, November 1999


Quest for Nonaqueous Multivalent Secondary Batteries: Magnesium and Beyond
journal, October 2014

  • Muldoon, John; Bucur, Claudiu B.; Gregory, Thomas
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 114, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr500049y

Electrochemistry of Hollandite α-MnO 2 : Li-Ion and Na-Ion Insertion and Li 2 O Incorporation
journal, June 2013

  • Tompsett, David A.; Islam, M. Saiful
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 25, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm400864n

Molybdenum–Vanadium-Based Molecular Sieves with Microchannels of Seven-Membered Rings of Corner-Sharing Metal Oxide Octahedra
journal, March 2008

  • Sadakane, Masahiro; Kodato, Katsunori; Kuranishi, Takao
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 47, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.200705448

Dual-Salt Mg-Based Batteries with Conversion Cathodes
journal, November 2015

  • Zhang, Ye; Xie, Junjie; Han, Yanlin
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 25, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201503639

An intuitive and efficient method for cell voltage prediction of lithium and sodium-ion batteries
journal, November 2014

  • Saubanère, M.; Yahia, M. Ben; Lebègue, S.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6559

Rechargeable Mg battery cathode TiS 3 with d–p orbital hybridized electronic structures
journal, December 2015

  • Taniguchi, Kouji; Gu, Yunpeng; Katsura, Yukari
  • Applied Physics Express, Vol. 9, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.7567/APEX.9.011801

Copper ion liquid-like thermoelectrics
journal, March 2012

  • Liu, Huili; Shi, Xun; Xu, Fangfang
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 5, p. 422-425
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3273

The Intercalation Phase Diagram of Mg in V 2 O 5 from First-Principles
journal, May 2015


A Superior Low-Cost Cathode for a Na-Ion Battery
journal, January 2013

  • Wang, Long; Lu, Yuhao; Liu, Jue
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 52, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201206854

Electrochemistry of polynuclear transition metal cyanides: Prussian blue and its analogues
journal, June 1986

  • Itaya, Kingo; Uchida, Isamu; Neff, Vernon D.
  • Accounts of Chemical Research, Vol. 19, Issue 6, p. 162-168
  • DOI: 10.1021/ar00126a001

Structural Evolution of Reversible Mg Insertion into a Bilayer Structure of V 2 O 5 · n H 2 O Xerogel Material
journal, April 2016