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Title: Silicon Photonic Switch Fabrics: Technology and Architecture

Abstract

We present that photonic switching technologies show potential for transforming communication networks across diverse markets from long-haul to short-reach distance scales due to their large bandwidth density, high energy efficiency, and potential for low cost. In recent years, numerous outstanding advancements have been made in scaled silicon photonic switching fabrics: spanning a variety of manufacturing platforms and packaging methods, relying on different switching mechanisms, and assembled on-chip in a diverse mixture of loosely related architectures. This work reviews the current approaches employed by leading researchers in this area, and surveys the state of the art in achieved performance at both the technological and the architectural level. Specifically, we consider thermo-optic, electrooptic, and MEMS-based switch actuation embedded in Mach Zehnder interferometer, ring resonator, and directional coupler based silicon photonic switches. We define common metrics and compare performances. We outline critical requirements for constructing scaled switch fabrics from elementary cells. Lastly, we investigate similarities and differences between a number of commonly utilized topologies. And, we survey recent accomplishments in scaled switch fabrics at the chip and package level. Moving these demonstrations from research to product will require many further advancements, and we highlight areas that we believe will be critical for marketmore » adoption.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]
  1. IBM, Yorktown Heights, NY (United States). Thomas J. Watson Research Center
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
IBM, Yorktown Heights, NY (United States). Thomas J. Watson Research Center
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
OSTI Identifier:
1478251
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AR0000844]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Lightwave Technology
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 37; Journal Issue: 1]; Journal ID: ISSN 0733-8724
Publisher:
IEEE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; photonic switches; photonic integrated circuits

Citation Formats

Lee, Benjamin G., and Dupuis, Nicolas. Silicon Photonic Switch Fabrics: Technology and Architecture. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1109/JLT.2018.2876828.
Lee, Benjamin G., & Dupuis, Nicolas. Silicon Photonic Switch Fabrics: Technology and Architecture. United States. doi:10.1109/JLT.2018.2876828.
Lee, Benjamin G., and Dupuis, Nicolas. Thu . "Silicon Photonic Switch Fabrics: Technology and Architecture". United States. doi:10.1109/JLT.2018.2876828. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1478251.
@article{osti_1478251,
title = {Silicon Photonic Switch Fabrics: Technology and Architecture},
author = {Lee, Benjamin G. and Dupuis, Nicolas},
abstractNote = {We present that photonic switching technologies show potential for transforming communication networks across diverse markets from long-haul to short-reach distance scales due to their large bandwidth density, high energy efficiency, and potential for low cost. In recent years, numerous outstanding advancements have been made in scaled silicon photonic switching fabrics: spanning a variety of manufacturing platforms and packaging methods, relying on different switching mechanisms, and assembled on-chip in a diverse mixture of loosely related architectures. This work reviews the current approaches employed by leading researchers in this area, and surveys the state of the art in achieved performance at both the technological and the architectural level. Specifically, we consider thermo-optic, electrooptic, and MEMS-based switch actuation embedded in Mach Zehnder interferometer, ring resonator, and directional coupler based silicon photonic switches. We define common metrics and compare performances. We outline critical requirements for constructing scaled switch fabrics from elementary cells. Lastly, we investigate similarities and differences between a number of commonly utilized topologies. And, we survey recent accomplishments in scaled switch fabrics at the chip and package level. Moving these demonstrations from research to product will require many further advancements, and we highlight areas that we believe will be critical for market adoption.},
doi = {10.1109/JLT.2018.2876828},
journal = {Journal of Lightwave Technology},
number = [1],
volume = [37],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

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Cited by: 12 works
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Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: An elementary 2 x 2 switch cell routing two optical signals connected to a driver for actuating its state (bar, cross).

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Works referencing / citing this record:

Design Investigation of 4 × 4 Nonblocking Hybrid Plasmonic Electrooptic Switch
journal, May 2019