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Title: Test and characterization of 400 Hamamatsu R5912-MOD photomultiplier tubes for the ICARUS T600 detector

Abstract

ICARUS T600 will be operated as far detector of the Short Baseline Neutrino program at Fermilab (U.S.A.), which foresees three liquid argon time projection chambers along the Booster Neutrino Beam line to search for a LSND-like sterile neutrino signal. The detector employs 360 photomultiplier tubes, Hamamatsu model R5912-MOD, suitable for cryogenic applications. A total of 400 PMTs were procured from Hamamatsu and tested at room temperature to evaluate the performance of the devices and their compliance to detect the liquid argon scintillation light in the T600 detector. Furthermore 60 units were also characterized at cryogenic temperature, in liquid argon bath, to evaluate any parameter variation which could affect the scintillation light detection. All the tested PMTs were found to comply with the requirements of ICARUS T600 and a subset of 360 specimens was selected for the final installation in the detector.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
Contributing Org.:
ICARUS/NP01 Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1478057
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1807.08577; FERMILAB-PUB-18-390-ND
Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221; 1683520
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Instrumentation
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 13; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; Photon detectors for UV, visible and IR photons (vacuum) (photomultipliers, HPDs, others); Noble liquid detectors (scintillation, ionization, double-phase); Time projection chambers

Citation Formats

Babicz, M., Bagby, L., Baibussinov, B., Bellini, V., Bonesini, M., Braggiotti, A., Centro, S., Cervi, T., Cocco, A. G., Falcone, A., Farnese, C., Fava, A., Fichera, F., Gibin, D., Guglielmi, A., Kose, U., Mazza, R., Menegolli, A., Meng, G., Montanari, C., Nessi, M., Picchi, P., Pietropaolo, F., Prata, M. C., Rappoldi, A., Raselli, G. L., Rossella, M., Rubbia, C., Sala, P., Scaramelli, A., Sergiampietri, F., Spanu, M., Torti, M., Tortorici, F., Varanini, F., Ventura, S., Vignoli, C., and Zani, A. Test and characterization of 400 Hamamatsu R5912-MOD photomultiplier tubes for the ICARUS T600 detector. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/13/10/P10030.
Babicz, M., Bagby, L., Baibussinov, B., Bellini, V., Bonesini, M., Braggiotti, A., Centro, S., Cervi, T., Cocco, A. G., Falcone, A., Farnese, C., Fava, A., Fichera, F., Gibin, D., Guglielmi, A., Kose, U., Mazza, R., Menegolli, A., Meng, G., Montanari, C., Nessi, M., Picchi, P., Pietropaolo, F., Prata, M. C., Rappoldi, A., Raselli, G. L., Rossella, M., Rubbia, C., Sala, P., Scaramelli, A., Sergiampietri, F., Spanu, M., Torti, M., Tortorici, F., Varanini, F., Ventura, S., Vignoli, C., & Zani, A. Test and characterization of 400 Hamamatsu R5912-MOD photomultiplier tubes for the ICARUS T600 detector. United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/13/10/P10030.
Babicz, M., Bagby, L., Baibussinov, B., Bellini, V., Bonesini, M., Braggiotti, A., Centro, S., Cervi, T., Cocco, A. G., Falcone, A., Farnese, C., Fava, A., Fichera, F., Gibin, D., Guglielmi, A., Kose, U., Mazza, R., Menegolli, A., Meng, G., Montanari, C., Nessi, M., Picchi, P., Pietropaolo, F., Prata, M. C., Rappoldi, A., Raselli, G. L., Rossella, M., Rubbia, C., Sala, P., Scaramelli, A., Sergiampietri, F., Spanu, M., Torti, M., Tortorici, F., Varanini, F., Ventura, S., Vignoli, C., and Zani, A. Fri . "Test and characterization of 400 Hamamatsu R5912-MOD photomultiplier tubes for the ICARUS T600 detector". United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/13/10/P10030. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1478057.
@article{osti_1478057,
title = {Test and characterization of 400 Hamamatsu R5912-MOD photomultiplier tubes for the ICARUS T600 detector},
author = {Babicz, M. and Bagby, L. and Baibussinov, B. and Bellini, V. and Bonesini, M. and Braggiotti, A. and Centro, S. and Cervi, T. and Cocco, A. G. and Falcone, A. and Farnese, C. and Fava, A. and Fichera, F. and Gibin, D. and Guglielmi, A. and Kose, U. and Mazza, R. and Menegolli, A. and Meng, G. and Montanari, C. and Nessi, M. and Picchi, P. and Pietropaolo, F. and Prata, M. C. and Rappoldi, A. and Raselli, G. L. and Rossella, M. and Rubbia, C. and Sala, P. and Scaramelli, A. and Sergiampietri, F. and Spanu, M. and Torti, M. and Tortorici, F. and Varanini, F. and Ventura, S. and Vignoli, C. and Zani, A.},
abstractNote = {ICARUS T600 will be operated as far detector of the Short Baseline Neutrino program at Fermilab (U.S.A.), which foresees three liquid argon time projection chambers along the Booster Neutrino Beam line to search for a LSND-like sterile neutrino signal. The detector employs 360 photomultiplier tubes, Hamamatsu model R5912-MOD, suitable for cryogenic applications. A total of 400 PMTs were procured from Hamamatsu and tested at room temperature to evaluate the performance of the devices and their compliance to detect the liquid argon scintillation light in the T600 detector. Furthermore 60 units were also characterized at cryogenic temperature, in liquid argon bath, to evaluate any parameter variation which could affect the scintillation light detection. All the tested PMTs were found to comply with the requirements of ICARUS T600 and a subset of 360 specimens was selected for the final installation in the detector.},
doi = {10.1088/1748-0221/13/10/P10030},
journal = {Journal of Instrumentation},
number = 10,
volume = 13,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

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Figure 1. Figure 1.: PMT deployment behind a TPC wire plane.

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Works referenced in this record:

Design, construction and tests of the ICARUS T600 detector
journal, July 2004

  • Amerio, S.; Amoruso, S.; Antonello, M.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 527, Issue 3
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Underground operation of the ICARUS T600 LAr-TPC: first results
journal, July 2011


Characterization of ETL 9357FLA photomultiplier tubes for cryogenic temperature applications
journal, January 2006

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Realization of a high vacuum evaporation system for wave-length shifter deposition on photo-detector windows
journal, January 2018

  • Bonesini, Maurizio; Mazza, Roberto; Cervi, Tommaso
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  • DOI: 10.1116/1.4996446

Comparison between large area photo-multiplier tubes at cryogenic temperature for neutrino and rare event physics experiments
journal, July 2015

  • Falcone, A.; Bertoni, R.; Boffelli, F.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 787
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2014.11.017

Characterization of large area PMTs at cryogenic temperature for rare event physics experiments
journal, March 2014


Timing properties of Hamamatsu R5912-MOD photomultiplier tube for the ICARUS T600 light detection system
journal, December 2018

  • Babicz, Marta; Bellini, Vincenzo; Bonesini, Maurizio
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 912
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2017.11.062

Observation of light emission from Hamamatsu R11410-20 photomultiplier tubes
journal, September 2015

  • Akimov, D. Yu.; Bolozdynya, A. I.; Efremenko, Yu. V.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 794
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2015.04.066

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Atmospheric Neutrino Search in the ICARUS T600 Detector
    journal, January 2019


    An innovative technique for TPB deposition on convex window photomultiplier tubes
    journal, December 2018