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Title: Integrated Energy Planning with a High Share of Variable Renewable Energy Sources for a Caribbean Island

Abstract

Although it can be complex to integrate variable renewable energy sources such as wind power and photovoltaics into an energy system, the potential benefits are large, as it can help reduce fuel imports, balance the trade, and mitigate the negative impacts in terms of climate change. In order to try to integrate a very large share of variable renewable energy sources into the energy system, an integrated energy planning approach was used, including ice storage in the cooling sector, a smart charging option in the transport sector, and an excess capacity of reverse osmosis technology that was utilised in order to provide flexibility to the energy system. A unit commitment and economic dispatch tool (PLEXOS) was used, and the model was run with both 5 min and 1 h time resolutions. The case study was carried out for a typical Caribbean island nation, based on data derived from measured data from Aruba. The results showed that 78.1% of the final electricity demand in 2020 was met by variable renewable energy sources, having 1.0% of curtailed energy in the energy system. The total economic cost of the modelled energy system was similar to the current energy system, dominated by the fossilmore » fuel imports. Here, the results are relevant for many populated islands and island nations.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [1]
  1. Technical Univ. of Denmark (DTU), Roskilde (Denmark)
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1477946
Report Number(s):
[NREL/JA-5000-72597]
[Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1073; ENERGA]
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC36-08GO28308]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energies (Basel)
Additional Journal Information:
[Journal Name: Energies (Basel); Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 9]; Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1073
Publisher:
MDPI AG
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; variable renewable energy; integrated energy modelling; Caribbean energy system; island energy system; smart charging; ice storage; oil imports; unit commitment and economic dispatch; energy system flexibility; flexible water desalination

Citation Formats

Dominković, Dominik Franjo, Stark, Greg, Hodge, Bri -Mathias, and Pedersen, Allan Schroder. Integrated Energy Planning with a High Share of Variable Renewable Energy Sources for a Caribbean Island. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.3390/en11092193.
Dominković, Dominik Franjo, Stark, Greg, Hodge, Bri -Mathias, & Pedersen, Allan Schroder. Integrated Energy Planning with a High Share of Variable Renewable Energy Sources for a Caribbean Island. United States. doi:10.3390/en11092193.
Dominković, Dominik Franjo, Stark, Greg, Hodge, Bri -Mathias, and Pedersen, Allan Schroder. Wed . "Integrated Energy Planning with a High Share of Variable Renewable Energy Sources for a Caribbean Island". United States. doi:10.3390/en11092193. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1477946.
@article{osti_1477946,
title = {Integrated Energy Planning with a High Share of Variable Renewable Energy Sources for a Caribbean Island},
author = {Dominković, Dominik Franjo and Stark, Greg and Hodge, Bri -Mathias and Pedersen, Allan Schroder},
abstractNote = {Although it can be complex to integrate variable renewable energy sources such as wind power and photovoltaics into an energy system, the potential benefits are large, as it can help reduce fuel imports, balance the trade, and mitigate the negative impacts in terms of climate change. In order to try to integrate a very large share of variable renewable energy sources into the energy system, an integrated energy planning approach was used, including ice storage in the cooling sector, a smart charging option in the transport sector, and an excess capacity of reverse osmosis technology that was utilised in order to provide flexibility to the energy system. A unit commitment and economic dispatch tool (PLEXOS) was used, and the model was run with both 5 min and 1 h time resolutions. The case study was carried out for a typical Caribbean island nation, based on data derived from measured data from Aruba. The results showed that 78.1% of the final electricity demand in 2020 was met by variable renewable energy sources, having 1.0% of curtailed energy in the energy system. The total economic cost of the modelled energy system was similar to the current energy system, dominated by the fossil fuel imports. Here, the results are relevant for many populated islands and island nations.},
doi = {10.3390/en11092193},
journal = {Energies (Basel)},
number = [9],
volume = [11],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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Quantum-Frequency Algorithm for Automated Identification of Traffic Patterns
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How do oil prices, macroeconomic factors and policies affect the market for renewable energy?
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Impacts of Electric Vehicle charging under electricity market operations
    journal, January 2013


    Zero carbon energy system of South East Europe in 2050
    journal, December 2016


    Smart energy systems for a sustainable future
    journal, May 2017


    Maximizing intermittency in 100% renewable and reliable power systems: A holistic approach applied to Reunion Island in 2030
    journal, October 2018


    How do oil prices, macroeconomic factors and policies affect the market for renewable energy?
    journal, April 2018


    Scenarios for a sustainable energy system in the Åland Islands in 2030
    journal, April 2017


    Assessment of sustainable energy system configuration for a small Canary island in 2030
    journal, June 2018


    Smart energy and smart energy systems
    journal, October 2017


    Local smart energy systems and cross-system integration
    journal, May 2018


    Integration of renewable energy and demand response technologies in interconnected energy systems
    journal, October 2018


    Exploring options for a 100% renewable energy system in Mauritius by 2050
    journal, February 2017


    A review of Fiji's energy situation: Challenges and strategies as a small island developing state
    journal, August 2017

    • Prasad, Ravita D.; Bansal, R. C.; Raturi, Atul
    • Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 75
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.10.070

    How does a pioneer community energy project succeed in practice? The case of the Samsø Renewable Energy Island
    journal, May 2017


    The future of transportation in sustainable energy systems: Opportunities and barriers in a clean energy transition
    journal, February 2018

    • Dominković, D. F.; Bačeković, I.; Pedersen, A. S.
    • Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 82
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2017.06.117

    Modeling, planning, application and management of energy systems for isolated areas: A review
    journal, February 2018


    Increasing renewable penetration on islanded networks through active network management: a case study from Shetland
    journal, July 2015

    • Mathieson, Colin; Gill, Simon; Dolan, Michael
    • IET Renewable Power Generation, Vol. 9, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1049/iet-rpg.2014.0216

    Planning 100% renewable energy islands: the case of the Caribbean island of Montserrat
    journal, October 2017

    • Römer, Benedikt; Aldonza, Ken; Julliard, Yannick
    • CIRED - Open Access Proceedings Journal, Vol. 2017, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1049/oap-cired.2017.0728

    Modeling pumped hydro storage with the micropower optimization model (HOMER)
    journal, July 2014

    • Canales, Fausto A.; Beluco, Alexandre
    • Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Vol. 6, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4893077

    Quantum-Frequency Algorithm for Automated Identification of Traffic Patterns
    journal, January 2007

    • Venkatanarayana, Ramkumar; Smith, Brian L.; Demetsky, Michael J.
    • Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Vol. 2024, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3141/2024-02

    Water Storage Instead of Energy Storage for Desalination Powered by Renewable Energy—King Island Case Study
    journal, October 2016

    • Tafech, Aya; Milani, Dia; Abbas, Ali
    • Energies, Vol. 9, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.3390/en9100839