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Title: Conversion of Waste Tire Rubber into High-Value-Added Carbon Supports for Electrocatalysis

Carbon supports are vital for a wide range of electrochemical reactions, yet the production of useful carbon supports largely relies on costly precursors and fabrication methods. Here, we present a new economical process to fabricate carbon-based supports for electrocatalysts using recycled tire rubber as the main feedstock. Using the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) as an example, we deposited Pt nanocubes on tire-derived carbon with different textural properties and surface chemistries. Our results show that Pt nanocubes are most effective toward the ORR when loaded onto tire-derived carbon with an increased electrochemically active surface area, a decreased average pore diameter, low sulfur content, and good crystallinity. These properties collectively allow for high dispersion of Pt nanocubes onto the tire-derived carbon support, and hence, increase the activity toward oxygen reduction. When benchmarked against a commercial carbon black support (Ketjen-300), the tire-derived carbon support achieved similar performance. Our results highlight an effective approach to converting waste tires into carbon supports for electrocatalysis.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ORCiD logo [3] ; ORCiD logo [4] ; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Chemistry and Biochemistry; Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Electrochemical Materials Lab. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  2. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States). The Wallace H. Coulter Dept. of Biomedical Engineering; Emory Univ., Atlanta, GA (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical Sciences Division; Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). The Bredesen Center for Interdisciplinary Research and Graduate Education
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; DGE-1650044
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 165; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; electrocatalysis; energy conversion; fuel cells - PEM; oxygen reduction; tire-derived carbon
OSTI Identifier:
1477904
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1479712

Hood, Zachary D., Yang, Xuan, Li, Yunchao, Naskar, Amit K., Chi, Miaofang, and Paranthaman, M. Parans. Conversion of Waste Tire Rubber into High-Value-Added Carbon Supports for Electrocatalysis. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1149/2.1081813jes.
Hood, Zachary D., Yang, Xuan, Li, Yunchao, Naskar, Amit K., Chi, Miaofang, & Paranthaman, M. Parans. Conversion of Waste Tire Rubber into High-Value-Added Carbon Supports for Electrocatalysis. United States. doi:10.1149/2.1081813jes.
Hood, Zachary D., Yang, Xuan, Li, Yunchao, Naskar, Amit K., Chi, Miaofang, and Paranthaman, M. Parans. 2018. "Conversion of Waste Tire Rubber into High-Value-Added Carbon Supports for Electrocatalysis". United States. doi:10.1149/2.1081813jes.
@article{osti_1477904,
title = {Conversion of Waste Tire Rubber into High-Value-Added Carbon Supports for Electrocatalysis},
author = {Hood, Zachary D. and Yang, Xuan and Li, Yunchao and Naskar, Amit K. and Chi, Miaofang and Paranthaman, M. Parans},
abstractNote = {Carbon supports are vital for a wide range of electrochemical reactions, yet the production of useful carbon supports largely relies on costly precursors and fabrication methods. Here, we present a new economical process to fabricate carbon-based supports for electrocatalysts using recycled tire rubber as the main feedstock. Using the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) as an example, we deposited Pt nanocubes on tire-derived carbon with different textural properties and surface chemistries. Our results show that Pt nanocubes are most effective toward the ORR when loaded onto tire-derived carbon with an increased electrochemically active surface area, a decreased average pore diameter, low sulfur content, and good crystallinity. These properties collectively allow for high dispersion of Pt nanocubes onto the tire-derived carbon support, and hence, increase the activity toward oxygen reduction. When benchmarked against a commercial carbon black support (Ketjen-300), the tire-derived carbon support achieved similar performance. Our results highlight an effective approach to converting waste tires into carbon supports for electrocatalysis.},
doi = {10.1149/2.1081813jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 14,
volume = 165,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

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