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Title: Oxygenated commodity chemicals from chemo-catalytic conversion of biomass derived heterocycles

Biomass is an abundant source of renewable carbon, which could form the basis for sustainable fuels and chemicals to replace those derived from fossil fuel resources. During the past decade there have been multiple large projects focused on producing renewable fuels from biomass. These pioneer processes have often struggled to reach commercialization due to operational challenges, scale up challenges, and the low margins and high product volumes required for economic viability. The production of oxygenated chemicals from biomass offers several advantages compared to production of biofuels including: (1) chemicals are higher value, allowing for profitability at moderate scale (10–30 kton/yr) and sometimes even small scale (<1 kton/yr); (2) oxygenated chemicals require less deoxygenation, and therefore less hydrogen input and higher product mass yields compared to completely deoxygenated fuels; and, (3) target chemicals use the inherent functionalities (e.g., alcohols, cyclic ethers, C = C and C = O bonds, chiral centers) present in biomass. Furthermore bio-based chemicals can also be coproduced with biofuels thereby improving the economics of bio-refineries. Synergies between bio-refineries and conventional refineries (e.g., utilizing hydrogen surplus for hydrogenation; integrating refinery waste heat) could further improve economic viability.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison. Madison, WI (United States)
  2. Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison. Madison, WI (United States); Utrecht Univ., Utrecht (The Netherlands)
  3. Utrecht Univ., Utrecht (The Netherlands)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
EE0006878
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
AIChE Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 64; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0001-1541
Publisher:
American Institute of Chemical Engineers
Research Org:
Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison. Madison, WI (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; biomass; commodity chemicals; catalysis; renewable; technoeconomics; scale up
OSTI Identifier:
1477863
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1433581

Krishna, Siddarth H., Huang, Kefeng, Barnett, Kevin J., He, Jiayue, Maravelias, Christos T., Dumesic, James A., Huber, George W., De bruyn, Mario, and Weckhuysen, Bert M.. Oxygenated commodity chemicals from chemo-catalytic conversion of biomass derived heterocycles. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1002/aic.16172.
Krishna, Siddarth H., Huang, Kefeng, Barnett, Kevin J., He, Jiayue, Maravelias, Christos T., Dumesic, James A., Huber, George W., De bruyn, Mario, & Weckhuysen, Bert M.. Oxygenated commodity chemicals from chemo-catalytic conversion of biomass derived heterocycles. United States. doi:10.1002/aic.16172.
Krishna, Siddarth H., Huang, Kefeng, Barnett, Kevin J., He, Jiayue, Maravelias, Christos T., Dumesic, James A., Huber, George W., De bruyn, Mario, and Weckhuysen, Bert M.. 2018. "Oxygenated commodity chemicals from chemo-catalytic conversion of biomass derived heterocycles". United States. doi:10.1002/aic.16172.
@article{osti_1477863,
title = {Oxygenated commodity chemicals from chemo-catalytic conversion of biomass derived heterocycles},
author = {Krishna, Siddarth H. and Huang, Kefeng and Barnett, Kevin J. and He, Jiayue and Maravelias, Christos T. and Dumesic, James A. and Huber, George W. and De bruyn, Mario and Weckhuysen, Bert M.},
abstractNote = {Biomass is an abundant source of renewable carbon, which could form the basis for sustainable fuels and chemicals to replace those derived from fossil fuel resources. During the past decade there have been multiple large projects focused on producing renewable fuels from biomass. These pioneer processes have often struggled to reach commercialization due to operational challenges, scale up challenges, and the low margins and high product volumes required for economic viability. The production of oxygenated chemicals from biomass offers several advantages compared to production of biofuels including: (1) chemicals are higher value, allowing for profitability at moderate scale (10–30 kton/yr) and sometimes even small scale (<1 kton/yr); (2) oxygenated chemicals require less deoxygenation, and therefore less hydrogen input and higher product mass yields compared to completely deoxygenated fuels; and, (3) target chemicals use the inherent functionalities (e.g., alcohols, cyclic ethers, C = C and C = O bonds, chiral centers) present in biomass. Furthermore bio-based chemicals can also be coproduced with biofuels thereby improving the economics of bio-refineries. Synergies between bio-refineries and conventional refineries (e.g., utilizing hydrogen surplus for hydrogenation; integrating refinery waste heat) could further improve economic viability.},
doi = {10.1002/aic.16172},
journal = {AIChE Journal},
number = 6,
volume = 64,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

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